Gathered in one post the sights of Crimea, which are worth a visit if you come to the peninsula. Here you will find photos, a detailed description, as well as a map of Crimea with attractions.
It is difficult to imagine a vacation on the peninsula without visiting its many interesting places. Many of them are quite compact, especially on the south coast, so you can see several at once.
It is most convenient to travel by personal or rented car, however public transport is well developed, almost everywhere you can get there without problems, I indicated information on how to get there.
There are 33 places worth visiting in this review, and I hope it brings clarity and helps you plan your trip. Opening hours are for summer time, may vary during low season.
My top 10 attractions in Crimea
Of course, there are an order of magnitude more sights in Crimea than fit in this post. But I tried to add the most important ones. Here is my personal ranking of the top 10 places:
- Reserve New World
- Ai-Petri Mountain
- Vorontsov Palace
- Cape Tarkhankut
- Bakhchisaray, its palace and cave towns nearby
- Genoese fortress in Sudak
- Grand Canyon
- Mount Demerdzhi and Ghost Valley
- Aivazovsky Gallery in Feodosia
- Adzhimushkay quarry defense museum
1. Swallow's Nest
Famous architectural monument of the Southern coast of Crimea, one of the most famous attractions of the peninsula. In the XIX century. it housed the private residence of a retired general, later the land passed into the hands of the German baron Steingel, in which in 1911 a palace was built in the Neo-Gothic style. After the end of the Civil War, the Swallow's Nest fell into decay and only in the 1960s. recovery began.
2. Livadia Palace
The palace complex with a landscape park in the village of Livadia. The first buildings appeared here at the beginning of the XIX century. After 1861, the Livadia Palace was sold to the royal family and began to be used as a summer residence. The white stone building that has survived to our time was built at the beginning of the 20th century. During World War II, the entire territory of the park was destroyed, the palace lay in ruins. He was restored before the Yalta Conference in February 1945.
3. Vorontsov Palace
Museum-reserve at the foot of Ai-Petri Mountain in the village of Alupka. The complex was built in the first half of the 19th century for Count Mikhail Vorontsov according to the project of the English architect Edward Blor (he took part in the construction of the Scottish Walter Scott Castle and Buckingham Palace). The western part of the building is made in the style of the English Tudors, the southern facade is an example of Moorish architecture.
4. Massandra Palace
Another Crimean palace at the end of the 19th century near Yalta. Initially belonged to the Vorontsov family, but was then purchased for the imperial dynasty. The castle was built with style elements from the time of the French king Louis XIII, the construction work was led by architect M. Mesmacher. In the Soviet years, the palace was used as a summer residence for the first persons of the state, now a museum is located on the territory.
5. Khan's Palace in Bakhchisarai
The former residence of the Crimean khans, erected in the XVI century. The main architectural idea of the complex is to convey the idea of the Crimean Tatars about paradise on earth. Several generations of the rulers of the Khan dynasty Gireev lived here, each tried to expand and complement the palace complex. In the XVIII – XIX centuries. the palace was on fire, rebuilt, repaired and almost lost its original appearance. Only in the XX century managed to restore the original interiors.
6. Mount Ai-Petri
One of the mountain peaks of the southern coast of Crimea. Belongs to the Yalta mountain - forest reserve. Previously, the Greek monastery of St. Peter was located here. An almost 3 km cable car runs through the mountain. in length, which is recognized as one of the longest in Europe. During the climb to the top in the cabin, the tourist gets the opportunity to admire the scenic views from a bird's eye view.
7. The White Rock of Ak-Kaya
Natural and archaeological monument of Crimea, located in the valley of the river. Biyuk-Karasu. The rock is an array of white limestone rocks. At the foot of Ak-Kai were found the sites of a primitive man, the remains of tools there and petrified bones. At the top, ancient Scythian mounds were excavated. Near the rock grows an oak tree with an age of 800 years. It is believed that under this tree Suvorov was negotiating with a representative of the Turkish Sultan.
8. Ayu-Dag (Bear Mountain)
Historical, archaeological and natural monument of the peninsula, where the remains of the fortified settlement of the VIII-XV centuries. One of the legends says that the mountain is a petrified huge bear that wandered around the valley, destroyed everything and calmed down on the shore at the behest of the sea god. In the reserve there are more than a dozen species of rare animals listed in the Red Book.
9. Marble Cave
Karst cave near the village of Mramornoye. The age of education is several million years. Until now, the cave continues to expand, as the formation of young Crimean mountains continues. In the cave there are several large halls through which excursion routes with a length of about 1.5 km are laid. Here you can admire the rarest types of crystals and stalactites.
10. Cave city of Chufut-Kale
A fortified city located on an alpine plateau near Bakhchisarai. The road to the cave city passes through the territory of the rocky Holy Assumption Monastery. It is believed that Chufut-Kale appeared in the V-VI centuries. as a fortification on the outskirts of Byzantine possessions. In the XIII-XIV centuries. the city became the center of a small principality - a vassal of the Crimean Khanate, where representatives of the Karaite people began to settle. In the XIX century, the last inhabitants left Chufut-Kale.
11. Tauric Chersonesos
Ancient Greek city founded in the 5th century BC Subsequently, it became a large and rich center of the entire Greek colony on the peninsula. From the 2nd century BC was dependent on the ancient kingdom of the Bosporus, later became a vassal of Rome. Chersonesus is also one of the cradles of Christianity - the first followers of Christ settled here in the 1st century. In the 10th century, Prince of Kievan Rus Vladimir was baptized in Khersones.
12. Genoese fortresses
Three fortified forts of Genoese navigators, located in Balaclava, Sudak and Feodosia. In the Middle Ages, they were the Black Sea outposts of the powerful Genoa and were used for protection from the sea. Under an agreement with the Tatars in the XIV century, the Genoese annexed territory from modern Theodosia to Foros to their possessions. The area was called Genoese Gazaria. In the XV century, the fortress passed into the hands of the Ottoman Empire.
13. Foros Church
Another name for the temple is the Church of the Resurrection of Christ. It was built at the end of the 19th century on a cliff towering 400 meters above sea level. Alexander III gave the order to build a temple in memory of the train crash, during which the whole family of the emperor died a little. A few years after the victory of the Revolution of 1917, a restaurant was located in the building, which existed until the beginning of the 70s. In the 90s. the temple was restored at the expense of the Ukrainian government.
14. Assumption Cave Monastery
A working monastery, allegedly founded in the 8th century A.D. runaway Byzantine monks. The monastery existed for many centuries, during the time of Ottoman rule, even the Crimean khan came here to pay tribute to local shrines. After the establishment of Soviet power, the monastery was closed, an earthquake in 1927 destroyed the buildings. Renaissance and restoration began only in 1993.
15. Monument to the scuttled ships
The monument in the waters of the sea on the embankment of Sevastopol, is considered a symbol of the city. It was established in honor of the events of the mid-19th century, when Russian ships were specially flooded in the Sevastopol Bay in order to block the path of the Anglo-French fleet. To avoid battle (since the enemy’s fleet was more powerful and better armed), Prince Menshikov decided to sink the ships, but not to let the enemy troops approach the city.
16. Museum panorama "Defense of Sevastopol"
Historical monument dedicated to the events of the Crimean War of 1853-1856 This is a monumental panorama of the defense of Sevastopol, the master of battle painting, Franz Alekseevich Roubaud, located in a rounded building. Work on the canvas has been going on since 1901. F. Roubaud created his masterpiece with the help of students from the Bavarian Academy of Arts and several German painters.
17. Object 825GTS
Formerly a secret military facility in Balaclava, a former underground submarine base. In the days of the USSR, it was one of the most classified in the USSR. For many years, Balaklava Bay was not indicated on the maps. After the fall of the USSR, the object was launched and plundered, only in 2004 the Ukrainian government organized a museum of the history of the submarine fleet there. After the transition of Crimea under Russian jurisdiction, the Russian authorities plan to place a new base there.
18. Balaklava Bay
A small bay with fantastically indented and picturesque shores, where, according to Homer's Odyssey, the legendary navigator visited. On the shores of the bay is one of the Genoese fortresses. It is believed that the first settlements appeared here in the VIII-VI centuries. BC. During the Crimean War, the base of the British was located in the bay, in Soviet times - the secret parking of submarines.
19. The Grand Canyon of Crimea
Landscape attraction of the Crimean peninsula, a state reserve since 1974. The canyon is a wide crack in the rock, formed during the formation of the Crimean mountains. Along the cleft there are several cliff capes; the river flows along the bottom. Auzun-Uzen. Several hiking trails with viewing platforms pass along the bottom of the canyon and in the vicinity.
20. Valley of Ghosts
Cluster of rocks on the western slope of the southern ridge of the Demerdzhi massif. More than 100 stone blocks of various sizes are scattered in the valley, the largest reach 25 meters in height. At dawn and during sunset, stones cast bizarre shadows that move and intertwine. That is why the place received the poetic name "Valley of ghosts."
21. Cape Fiolent
Natural area 15 km. from Sevastopol with an expressive landscape, a 10-kilometer coastline and a unique flora. On the cape is the St. George Monastery and the Jasper Beach, connected by a staircase of several hundred steps. Cape Fiolent is considered the best place for diving, since there are almost one hundred percent visibility and ships do not moor.
22. Golitsyn trail
A three-kilometer trail in the village of New World, created by the princes Golitsyn specially for the arrival of Emperor Nicholas II. Now it is a popular tourist route. The trail begins at Mount Oryol, runs along the coast past Mount Khoba-Kai to the through grotto of Golitsyn. Observation platforms are equipped on the route in the most beautiful places, fragrant pine trees grow around.
23. Waterfall Dzhur-Dzhur
It is considered the largest and most powerful Crimean waterfall. Water jets are thrown from a height of 15 meters, the maximum size of the channel is 5 meters wide. It remains full-flowing even in the long dry season. With water, stones sometimes collapse at heights. The waterfall is located in a mountainous wooded conservation area, the temperature of the water, even in hot summers, does not exceed 10 ° C.
24. Nikitsky Botanical Garden
Located about 10 km from Yalta. The garden covers an area of several tens of hectares, scientific activity is carried out on its territory and research institutions are located. He appeared at the beginning of the XIX century with the assistance of Count Vorontsov and botanist F. Bieberstein. The first director was the famous naturalist H. Steven, who collected and adapted about 500 plants to local conditions over 12 years of work.
25. Crimean wines
Crimean wines are several well-known brands that produce various varieties of grape drink. The most famous of them: “Massandra”, “Solar Valley”, “Inkerman”, “New World”, “Koktebel”. The brand New World is famous for its excellent champagne (the Brut variety is especially good), Massandra is famous for the specific taste of wines, and Inkerman produces good red wine under the same name.
TOP 100 sights of Crimea
Crimea: useful information
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Crimean resorts attract not only beach vacations and wonderful nature, but also with the variety of possible excursions to museums, palaces, castles and ancient fortresses.
Relaxing in Yalta, you can see the perfectly preserved temples, palaces, house-museums of famous writers, visit the reserve with amazingly beautiful mountain-forest landscapes. In the vicinity of the city is the main attraction of the southern coast of Crimea - the castle "Swallow's Nest", located on the edge of a sheer 40-meter cliff. You should also not lose sight of the magnificent palace of the Emir of Bukhara, the Livadia and Massandra palaces, striking in its scope, as well as the cozy palace of Count Mordvinov with its original history.
Yalta has always been multinational and multiconfessional. Today, in Yalta, you should definitely visit the magnificent Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, the Church of John Chrysostom, the Armenian Church and the Catholic Church.
You can take a walk and listen to the sound of water and the cries of seagulls on the oldest street in the city - Yalta embankment, along which great artists, artists and even kings walked. Also on the Yalta embankment are the famous white marble baths of Roffe. Closes the main promenade Crocodilerium in which it will be interesting to both adults and children. If you move up the Kiev from the home of crocodiles, you can get to the old Yalta market, replete with local products. Also, local products can be tasted and bought at the popular Massandra winery.
The sun trail or the Tsar’s trail is a panoramic walking trail, an interesting natural attraction and an important historical monument of Big Yalta. It was laid between the two royal residences of Livadia and Oreanda in 1861. Walking along the Health Path it is impossible not to notice the purity of the Crimean air. Another part of the Crimean resort medicine is the Botkin Trail, walking along which you can meet waterfalls and rocks.
It is certainly worth a visit to the Chekhov house-museum in Yalta, where the great writer lived, created and received no less great creative representatives of the bohemian of those years. On the Lenin embankment a very popular monument “Lady with a Dog” was erected, with which visitors like to be photographed.
In the hero city of Sevastopol there are many monuments and architectural objects related to its military history: it is a museum of heroic defense and the liberation of Sevastopol, a museum of the Cold War, a missile system, a monument to Nakhimov, Malakhov Kurgan, the 35th coastal battery, a monument to sunken ships, Diorama Sevastopol, military museum Mikhailovsky Battery, Museum of the Black Sea Fleet, a monument to the sailor and soldier, Konstantinovsky battery, artillery bay, Tower of the Winds and much more.
Fans of natural monuments will also not be bored. In Sevastopol, there is a striking cape Fiolent. One of the largest attractions of the cape is St. George's Monastery and the Rock of the Holy Phenomenon.
One of the main attractions of the region is the ruins of the ancient city of Tauride Chersonesos, where you can also see the Misty Bell, the museum and the Cathedral of Chersonesos. At Cape Chersonesos, you can see the Chersonesus lighthouse, which has a rich history. Also on the cape are huge boulders with engraving and drawings, the origin of which is unknown.
The Baidar Valley, on the territory of which there is an important historical monument - the Baydar Gate, is pleased with its splendor. Sevastopol carefully preserves great natural monuments for future generations: Cape Lukull, Cape Aya, the Grand Canyon of Crimea, Chernorechensky Canyon, Balaklava Bay, Diana's Grotto, Kozyrek Waterfall, Akhtiar Bay, Fatma Koba Cave, ancient Chorgunsky Aqueduct and Waterfall much more.
Admirers of religious shrines need to visit the Vladimir and Pokrovsky Cathedral of Sevastopol and many other churches. The unique pyramidal temple is located within the memorial cemetery of Sevastopol - St. Nicholas Church, erected in 1870, stands on a hill and serves as a monument to the heroic participants of the city’s defense.
Making a promenade in Sevastopol, you can glance at Victory Park, on Seaside or Historical Boulevard. It will also be very interesting to visit Maximov’s dacha, go to the theater of the Black Sea Fleet or the Sevastopol Art Museum.
The ancient city of Inkerman has preserved for the descendants the St. Clement Cave Monastery and the ruins of the medieval fortress of Kalamita.
Monument to the sunken ships in Sevastopol © Egor Vlasov
Resort Feodosia is famous for architectural monuments of different eras, here are the Aivazovsky Gallery and the Alexander Greene Memorial Museum with an interesting exhibition.
The Genoese Kafa fortress in the Crimean resort of Feodosia is one of the main attractions of the city. The medieval ruins of the fortress walls are located in the southern part of Feodosia, within walking distance of the city bay. Two others, larger and better preserved, are located in Sudak and Balaklava. The Tower of Constantine - an architectural monument that has come down to us since the XIV century, is located on the edge of the northern part of the Genoese fortress. In walking distance from the Genoese fortress is a monument to Athanasius Nikitin, who presented the world with the work “Walking Over Three Seas”.
Among the religious shrines in Feodosia, it should be noted the Church of St. Catherine, the Church of St. George, the temple of the Iveron Icon of the Mother of God with a very difficult fate. Also noteworthy is the Surb Sarkis Church, which is the oldest Armenian church on the peninsula. Near the walls of the church I.K. Aivazovsky is buried.
Theodosius is simply replete with museums for every taste and interest: it is a museum of money, and a cottage of Stamboli, a museum of Tsvetaevs, a museum of Vera Mukhina, a museum of hang gliding, a cottage of Milos, a museum of local lore of the feudosia, a museum of antiquities of Feodosia, a museum of Green and many others.
It seems that the whole of Theodosius is the city of Alexander Green, since many sights remind of his writing and virtue: the Aivazovsky Museum, the Aivazovsky Fountain, the monument fountain “Good Genius”.
A little further from Feodosia there is Cape Chauda - a picturesque place in the eastern part of Crimea with wildlife and breathtaking landscapes. Getting to it is best by car.
In the vicinity of Crimean Alushta there are several natural attractions at once: mountains with impressive views of the area, the always foggy Ghost Valley, the unusual Valley of Stone Mushrooms (Soters), where a full skeleton of a mammoth was found. Almost every traveler seeks to see the most powerful and picturesque waterfall Dzhur-Dzhur.
For those who just want to soak up the sun, the Professor’s Corner is suitable - a quiet and comfortable sanatorium zone located in the western part of Big Alushta. The recreation park "Almond Grove" has all the resort and recreational conditions, therefore, it is very convenient to relax with children there.
For outdoor enthusiasts, Alushta sights such as the Angarsk Pass, the Crimean Nature Reserve, Mount Demerdzhi, the Cave "Endless Well", Mount Kastel, Funa Fortress, Golovkinsky Falls, Dzhurla Falls and many others will be perfect.
In the immediate vicinity of Alushta, you can visit such great monuments as the ruins of the Aluston fortress, the Babugan-yayla massif, the Kutuzovsky fountain and the palace of Princess Gagarina.
There are several temples in Alushta. The Church of Theodore Stratilates, or the Church of all Crimean Saints and Theodore Stratilates, is the main Orthodox church in the city. Cosmo-Damian Monastery, according to legend, in the Middle Ages was the abode of the brothers Cosma and Damian, who had the gift of healing. The Church of the Royal Martyrs in Alushta is also a place of pilgrimage for Christians.
Rock "The Head of Catherine" © Juliette17
In the once closed city of Balaklava on the southwest coast of Crimea, tourists will be interested in visiting the fort, the Genoese fortress of Chembalo, and the Museum of submarines and the picturesque Balaklava bay. Stunning views of the sea and Balaklava Bay open with the 19th battery - a military-historical landmark. To this day, the battery has been poorly preserved - only the concrete structure and gun yards have remained of it.
Barrel of Death - an observation deck, an extraordinary and interesting tourist attraction, which is worth a visit for the sake of excellent sea views.
Of the religious monuments in Balaclava, the Church of the Twelve Apostles has been preserved. The temple was founded back in 1357.
Koktebel is a city praised in the poems of Maximilian Voloshin, the poet’s house-museum is open here. Nature lovers should visit the famous Karadag reserve. Kara-Dag is one of a kind ancient extinct volcano. Also on the territory of the reserve is the Golden Gate natural arch.
One of the most beautiful places in the Koktebel region is Cape Chameleon, which can change color depending on weather conditions. You can feel the unforgettable feeling of being on the mountain peaks on Klementyev Mountain. It is here that the so-called “golden mean” of our planet passes and air flows form.
Another excellent holiday destination is Quiet Bay. For many years, the landscape park has attracted vacationers in tents and naturists. The name “Silent” did not come about by accident, because even in inclement weather the sea remains quiet here.
Not far from Koktebel is the observation deck "Starfall of Memories". Gorgeous endless views of the peninsula open from the site.
If you start your journey with Kerch, then you should definitely see a new attraction - the Crimean bridge. Many go to see the Kerch crossing, as seeing so many ferries at a time is rare.
Undoubtedly, the main Kerch sights by right remain ancient Greek Panticapaeum, Mount Mithridates with an obelisk, Totleben fort and the Kerch fortress, pink Koyashsky lake belonging to the Opuksky reserve, Adzhimushkay quarries, healing pink Chokrak lake and magnificent General's beaches.
The attention of travelers is often won by the Tsar’s mound from the time of Panticapaeum of a very unusual shape (man-made gorge). Of the ancient cities Kitei is also famous near Panticapaeum, the crypt of Demeter, Mirmekiy and Tirithaka. In a later period, the Enikale fortress was built to protect the Turks from the Russian fleet. And the Crimean Atlantis - the ancient Greek city of Acra - can only be seen by divers.
Kerch museums are more oriented to show the historical greatness of the peninsula, life in different eras under the rule of different cultures. The Kerch lapidary contains a valuable collection of stone-carving art of ancient eras. Also noteworthy are the Historical and Archaeological Museum, the Kerch Art Gallery and the Museum of the History of the Eltigen Landing.
A very picturesque place - Spit Chushka. A 18-kilometer sand spit separates the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea. Cape Zyuk in the north, Cape Fonar and Cape Kyz-Aul amazes with its beauty. Of the religious sights, it is worth visiting the Church of St. John the Baptist - one of the oldest monuments of temple architecture on the peninsula, built in 757.
Scythian house on the beaches of General © Egor Vlasov
Sights of Sudak are very diverse. Of the must-see - Genoese fortress, Mount Sokol, Capsel and Cape Meganom. A wonderful idea would be a walk along the promenade and the cypress alley in order to get acquainted with the city. Just a few kilometers from Sudak is a storehouse of natural and man-made sights - Sunny Valley: cliffs, rocks, beaches and the New World winery.
One of the most interesting sights from an archaeological point of view is Mount Perch near Sudak. The ruins of a medieval monastery and the “Spiral of the Holy Spirit”, laid out of stone by ancient peoples, have been preserved on the mountain. In general, lovers of nature and incredible landscapes should visit Cape Alchak, Crab Island, Mount St. George, the cave monastery, Mount Frog, Cape Choban-Kule and the magnificent Eolova Harp grotto. Each of these attractions keeps its secrets, legends and has a rich history.
Among the religious attractions in Sudak you can see the Lutheran Church, the history of which begins at the time of the Germans' relocation to Sudak at the invitation of Catherine II. Orthodox services are conducted in the Holy Protection Church, which has the shape of a cross. At one time, royal people attended the church. In Sudak there is another, sad sight. The abandoned motor ship “Prince Bagration” is the only survivor of the first large batch of diesel screw ships designed to transport passengers along the rivers. It was built in 1912 and was actively used until 1994.
Novyi Svet is a picturesque village on the coast of Crimea. It was here that the films Amphibian Man, Pirates of the 20th Century, Three Plus Two, Treasure Island and Anna Karenina were shot.
The most recognizable attraction is the Golitsyn Trail. A mountain trail passes through the territory of the Rocky Amphitheater, on Sokol Mountain, in the western part of Green Bay. It goes at an altitude of 30-50 meters from the foot of the Koba-Kaya mountain along the Blue (or Pirate) Bay to the prominent Cape Kapchik, from where an incredible view opens up.
In the New World is a huge botanical reserve. Walking around the reserve, it is impossible to miss the Golitsyn Grotto and the Through Grotto. A little to the west is Mount Karaul-Oba, Kutlak Fortress and Cape Chicken.
New World is a significantly small village associated with the name of Leo Golitsyn. It was he who founded the winery in the village, which was attended by the royal people and which functions to this day.
Music lovers will not be interested in visiting a fairly new (2011) attraction - a monument to the Kino group, made in the form of a large guitar.
To the north of the New World are Arpatian waterfalls. During the summer heat, waterfalls periodically dry up, but during the year a dense stream of water forms depressions in the stone.
Moving from the New World towards Alushta, it is impossible to miss the unique temple-lighthouse of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker in Malorechensky. The church was erected in memory of all those who died at sea. On the ground floor of the church is a museum of disasters on the waters.
In Gurzuf, famous for every Soviet child in the Artek camp, you can see many iconic places. It is here that Chekhov's cottage is located, the second after the Yalta. The cozy house at the foot of the Genevez-Kai with its own bay inspired the world famous writer to complete the story “Three Sisters”.
The symbol of Gurzuf are the Adalars - two rocks 300 meters from the coast. Roman-Kosh, one of the most visited sights of Crimea and famous hiking trails on the southern coast of the Crimean peninsula. Perhaps the most picturesque place in the vicinity of Gurzuf is the "Arbor of the Winds." Everyone wants to get unforgettable photos on a background of a snow-white rotunda, rocks and clouds.
In the city itself, you can visit the Suuk-Su Palace, owned by Artek. Now it houses an exhibition of space exploration. You can walk around the Gurzuf park for hours: landscape design, figures from shrubs and rare species of plants enthrall and give peace.
Ayu-Dag Mountain or Bear Mountain is visible far beyond the borders of Gurzuf. The mountain preserves a huge archaeological heritage and is a failed volcano.
The village of Nikita is located on the coast and attracts thousands of tourists to the incredible Nikitsky Botanical Garden. We can say that the garden is “Paradise on Earth” and surpasses many gardens in beauty. The beaches of Nikita delight vacationers with cleanliness and comfort. Fans of hiking and mountaineering should visit the Nikitsky cleft (Ayan rocks).
Koreiz and Alupka
The coast of Koreiz and Alupka is replete with attractions. It is here that the majestic Ai-Petri mountain and the Mishor-Ai-Petri cable car are located. Near the Ai-Petri mountain, as if having broken away from the main massif of mountains, there is a rock of Shaan-Kaya. The southern slope of Shaan-Kai is used by extreme lovers for jumping into the abyss.
Uchan-Su Waterfall is a famous natural sight of Crimea, located on the slope of Ai-Petri Mountain about 6 km from Yalta. In terms of height, Uchan-Su takes the first place among other waterfalls of Crimea, it is 98.5 meters. The waterfall is a significant natural object, which is part of the Yalta Mountain Forest Nature Reserve.
In Miskhor along the promenade and a series of beaches stretched a picturesque Miskhor park, which you can walk endlessly. One should not lose sight of the monument to the mermaid holding the baby in her arms and looking sadly at Miskhorskaya embankment.
Nearby, in Gaspra, on one of the spurs of the Ai-Todor rock, is the Swallow’s Nest castle, the most recognizable landmark in Crimea. Also in Gaspra is the Haraks Palace and Park Complex, now part of it is reserved for the sanatorium. It was once visited by Nicholas II. Also nearby is the Murad-Avur estate, which constitutes an excellent architectural ensemble.
The estate “Yasnaya Polyana”, previously called “Romantic Alexandria”, is a monument of architecture of the 19th century, located in the village of Gaspra. The owner of the estate was Prince Alexander Nikolayevich Golitsyn, who named him in honor of Emperor Alexander I.
The palace and park ensemble "Dyulber" is made in the best traditions of the East. The Vorontsov Palace in Alupka is not inferior to him in beauty and scope. A slightly less pompous "Yusupov Palace" is located in the village of Koreiz. The place has great historical value, it was visited by great politicians, presidents and kings. Also in Alupka you can enjoy walks in the Alupka Park (Vorontsov).
You should definitely visit the museum of Amet Khan Sultan - twice Hero of the USSR.The famous pilot made a huge contribution to the development of the space program, and also tested innovative inventions and made combat missions during the Second World War.
In Alupka there are also the most important religious shrines - the temple of Alexander Nevsky and the temple of the Archangel Michael. Services are held in temples to this day.
Going down to the sea from the Vorontsov Palace, be sure to visit the Aivazovsky rock. It was there that the great marine painter wrote his masterpieces.
The palace and park complex "Kharaks" © Juliette17
In Foros is one of the most important religious attractions - Foros Church. The Temple of the Sun in Foros is one of the sacred places. People attach special importance to it and endow it with mystical power - a cluster of large stones that have a fairly regular shape with a pointed end. It is called differently: Dragon's Teeth, 9 monks, Fingers, Crimean Stonehenge, etc.
The best place to see the sea, Foros Church and the surrounding area are the Baydar Gate. This man-made attraction is a kind of pass between the reserve of the same name and the Southern coast of Crimea.
Near the resort of Yevpatoriya there are a number of sanatoriums and lakes with therapeutic mud: Saki Lake, Sasyk-Sivash, Kyzyl-Yar, Moinak Lake. Every year, hundreds of tourists come to Yevpatoria not only to relax, but also to heal.
In the city itself, you should definitely visit Gorky embankment and take a walk along the Tereshkova embankment. These two embankments are shared by the port of Yevpatoriya, where it is imperative to make several picturesque photographs. The territory of the Old Town will delight you with interesting architectural monuments and tell about the history of the city, which is more than 2500 thousand years old.
The main city sightseeing route is the Lesser Jerusalem, which covers the main attractions: the Geslev Gate, Tekiye, Karaite kenassas, the old Turkish baths, the Kupecheskaya and Egie Kapai synagogue, the Juma Jami mosque, St. Nicholas Cathedral, Surb Nikogayos, St. Elijah’s Church . The ruins of the ancient Greek cities of Kalos Limen and Kerkinitida are also of great archaeological and historical value.
Acquaintance with the city will not do without a visit to the central Theater Square, which houses the Pushkin Theater. In general, there are many interesting museums in Yevpatoriya, among which are the Yevpatoriya Museum of Local Lore, the pharmacy museum, the House of Wine, the gallery of contemporary art The Harasho and much more.
“Tram of desires” is one of the sights of Yevpatoriya. This route was put into operation in 1914 and is the only active tram line in the Crimea. The route passes through the whole of Evpatoria and lasts about an hour and a half. During the route, the guide will tell about the history of Yevpatoria and tell the city legends.
After a long promenade, it is a good idea to try local cuisine. This can be done in the ethnic restaurant "Ceval".
To the west of Yevpatoriya is a huge lake with healing water Donuzlav. On one side, the lake is framed by the Belyaus Spit, on which there is one of the cleanest sandy coastal stripes - Belyaus Beach.
The pearl of the western Crimea is the tract Dzhangul. The nature landscape reserve is a rocky strip stretching across the sea along the coastline. An amazing formation, which is a sharp contrast of the sea and the steppe.
In the Beautiful Harbor National Park, there is a unique natural wonder called the Bowl of Love. The natural pool has a depth of 9 meters and a natural tunnel, the entrance to which is at a 4-meter depth. Through a natural underwater passage you can reach the sea. It is enough to swim only 5 meters.
The westernmost point of Crimea is the picturesque Cape Tarkhankut. The southwestern part of the peninsula is occupied by the reserves Big and Small Atlesh. The unique underwater museum "Avenue of Leaders" is located at a depth of 12 meters near the Big Atlesh. The main political figures of the whole world coexist on the seabed. Alas, the exposition can only be seen by scuba diving.
There is an opinion that in Simferopol you should not linger for a long time, because there is no sea there. This is the deepest mistake, since in Simferopol there are many noteworthy attractions.
One of the newest attractions in Simferopol is the Monument to Polite People, opened in 2016 in honor of the accession of Crimea to the Russian Federation. The monument is a figure of a soldier passing a lost kitten to a little girl.
Marble cave is one of the most mysterious places not only in Simferopol, but also on the entire Crimean peninsula. This cave is the largest of all available on the resort peninsula and is the most popular mountain cave, fascinating tourists with its unusual views. The cave is located on Cape Chatyr-Dag. On the cape is also worth visiting another picturesque cave - Emine-Bair-Khosar (or Mammoth Cave).
Ten kilometers from the city is the tract Tash-Dzhargan and Snake Cave. Researchers say that, judging by its structure, it was inhabited by ancient people in the 7th-6th centuries BC. e. Also, the sites of ancient people include the Chokurcha cave and the Wolf's Grotto.
Another amazing natural monument is the “Weeping Rock” in the West Bulganak River Valley. Such a “talking” name was given to the rock due to karst cracks oozing water.
Lovers of antiquities should definitely visit the "Naples of Scythia", an ancient city of the III century BC. e. In the vicinity of Simferopol there are such iconic sights as the Su-Uchkhan waterfall and the Partisan reservoir.
To get a complete picture of the history of the formation of Simferopol, you must definitely visit the city museums: Krymtrolleybus, Simferopol Museum of Art, Central Museum of Taurida, local history, archaeological and ethnographic museums, the Museum of History of Simferopol, anatomy museum or visit the Crimean Academic Theater. Walking around the city, you should not deprive Gagarinsky park where you can ride a boat or rides.
In Simferopol, as in a number of cities, there is the Karaite kenassa. Another religious attraction - the Kebir-Jami Mosque is the main spiritual center of Muslims of Crimea and an architectural monument of the times of the Crimean Khanate. Kebir Jami Cathedral Mosque is the oldest building in Simferopol.
In the Holy Trinity Cathedral of Simferopol are stored the relics of St. Luke, the icon of the Virgin "Sorrowful" and divine services are held on an ongoing basis.
Beech forests on Demerji Yaila © Galina Gorshenina
It is certainly worth a visit to Bakhchisaray, since in the city itself and its environs you can find dozens of iconic places valuable from a historical, archaeological and cultural point of view.
The main attractions can be called the ancient fortress cities of Kyz-Kermen, Tepe-Kermen, Mangup-Kale and Chufut-Kale - unique and legendary ancient cities, traces of which remain in our days. Kachi Kalon is also an interesting place to visit. During the Middle Ages, Kachi Kalon was a cave monastery. But the most remarkable remains the Holy Assumption Cave Monastery, which has 12 centuries and is still valid today.
The Bead Temple, in which panels, icons and jewelry were created by monks from beads, amazes with its uniqueness and unusualness. Today, the temple is functioning.
In the city itself is the only residence of the Crimean Tatar rulers, and today - a huge museum complex, part of the historical and cultural reserve - the Khan's Palace.
Of the natural attractions, mention should be made of the Martian Lake, which is 17 km from Bakhchisaray. Many years ago, on the site of the lake there was a quarry from which the Inkerman stone was mined. Now at the site of the quarry is a lake with azure water, where you can swim and go fishing.
Not far from Bakhchisaray, in the village of Nauchny, there is the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, where visitors can observe celestial bodies.
Panoramic view from Chufut-Kale © Ekaterina Savvina
Cableway "Miskhor - Ai-Petri"
Travel time is 15 minutes, but this tour is one of the most unusual.
Vivid impressions remain in the memory of travelers for a long time. The trip is divided into 2 stages:
- Miskhor - Sosnovy Bor calm area: elevation 220 m, length 1300 m. Coniferous forest extends below, and the sea is visible in front.
- Sosnovy Bor - Ai-Petri is not for the faint of heart. The elevation of 850 m at a distance of 1600 m. The sensations are unforgettable.
The return trip is also impressive.
The total height of the lift is 1170 m, the length of the route is 3000 m. The speed of movement is 6 - 8 m / s. The cabin is designed for 40 passengers. Security is provided by 120 staff. The road works all year round, especially beautiful views in autumn and winter.
Address: Koreiz, Alupkinskoye Shosse, 52.
Unusual attraction in the western part of the peninsula. The sea and cliffs attract fans of extreme relaxation - divers, climbers, windsurfers.
Nature created a coastline of a bizarre shape, here you can meet a “crocodile”, a “turtle”, a lake, an arch, and everything that will draw a rich imagination.
Many have seen these places in the films Pirates of the 20th Century, Amphibian Man, People and Dolphins.
Tourists stay at campsites and campgrounds. You can live more comfortably in the nearby Olenevka.
On this romantic cape is the “Bowl of Love” - a small pond where lovers jump holding hands.
There is also a lighthouse.
And the underwater museum, accessible only to divers, where at a depth of 13 m miniature castles, the Eiffel Tower, a statue of the pharaoh, busts of politicians and other interesting exhibits are mounted in the bottom.
Address: p. Olenevka, Black Sea region.
St. George Monastery
According to legend, Greek sailors fell into a storm at Cape Fiolent. Imminent death awaited them, but the prayer of St. George helped get to the shore, where they found the icon of St. George the Victorious. In gratitude, the sailors put a cross on a rock and organized a monastery with a cave church.
The monastery flourished under the Genoese, and existed under the Crimean khans. But the Greeks did not want to become subordinate to the Russian Orthodox Church and in 1794 left the peninsula.
At the beginning of the XIX century. there was a military clergy, and the monastery was considered naval. Then a new temple was erected, cells, a fountain and a refectory were built.
White Rock (Ak-Kaya)
An unusual sheer cliff 100 m rises above the valley. Biyuk-Karasu, which itself is 225m above sea level. The rock consists of white sandstones and limestones, which provides a unique color and “architectural structures” created by weathering - niches, poles, grottoes.
Geologists study rock strata where ancient marine organisms are well preserved. Archaeologists were able to find 20 sites of ancient people and the bones of extinct animals.
As it should be in the Crimea, the rock has its own legends, according to one of them treasures are hidden in the mountain. Some enthusiasts are still looking for them.
Address: Belogorsk district, White Skala
Grand Canyon of Crimea
In fact, it is located under Ai-Petri. This is the most magnificent gorge on the peninsula.
The Auzun-Uzen river flows along the bottom, the rocks rise 300 m above it. The river flow is not smooth, rapids and waterfalls are found, the water does not heat above + 11 °.
The length of the canyon is 3.5 km, an area of about 300 hectares. In some places, the width is not more than 3 m.
The canyon has its own attractions:
The walk takes 2 to 3 hours.
Where in Crimea are there so many attractions?
Crimea at all times attracted the powers that be. Once the southern part of the peninsula was inhabited by a tribe of Taurus, mentioned in the writings of the ancient Greeks and Romans back in the VI century. BC. Hence the former name - Tavrika.
In the XIII century. the word "Crimea" appeared. “Kyrym” - that was the name of the capital of the governor of the khans of the Golden Horde in the Black Sea, there are several versions of the origin of the name:
- distorted "Kimerik" (the ancient Greek city near modern Kerch),
- from the ancient Turkic qurum ("defense, defense"),
- from the ancient Greek κρημνοί ("rocks", "silicon").
From the XV century the peninsula was called Tavria, and becoming part of the Russian Empire, in 1783 it received the name Tavrida.
The geographical location of Crimea made it a crossroads of the main sea trade routes, in connection with this, it repeatedly passed into the possession of different states, each of which left the historical sights of its stay.
People appeared here about 100 thousand years ago. Later, replacing each other, Taurus, Scythians, and representatives of Greece lived. Then the Sarmatians, Romans, Armenians, Slavs, Polovtsy, Turks, Crimean Tatars and other peoples.
The Greeks brought to Taurica the ability to build ships, plant grapes and olives, built temples, stadiums, theaters.
The Romans also built fortresses, paved roads in the mountains.
Byzantium and Khazaria shared their dominion in Crimea in the VIII century.
Good to know:
In 988, Prince Vladimir was baptized in Chersonesos and married the Byzantine Princess Anne.
In the XIII century. The Golden Horde reigns on the peninsula. Here passes the Great Silk Road (northern branch). Trade is developing, leading to the heyday of cities.
Genoese redeem part of the territory in the XIV century. Relying on their colonies, since 1367 Mamai rules on the peninsula.
In the middle of the XV century. after the collapse of the Golden Horde, the Crimean Khanate is formed as part of the Ottoman Empire. Coastal cities are becoming centers of the slave trade.
Access to the Black Sea has always been of interest to Russia, and Crimea was the key to resolving the issue. However, only after the end of the Russo-Turkish war (1774) and many years of negotiations, in 1883 the Crimea, known as Tauris, became part of the Empire.
After visiting the Crimea by Catherine II, the Russian nobility reached the peninsula. Beautiful estates appear, viticulture and winemaking develops, gardens are broken, roads are laid. The south coast is gradually turning into a resort.
A special page of history is the heroism of the inhabitants of the peninsula during periods of severe trials.
And today, those who come on vacation have the opportunity to see the sights of the Crimea, relating to different periods of its rich history, as well as unique natural sites.
2. Vorontsov Palace
Few attractions in Crimea can boast an equally amazing view. In fact, the object is a former summer residence of the count's family, a park complex, and a nature reserve museum that stores its chic interiors. numerous magnolias and cypresses, as well as Mount Ai-Petri create a worthy exterior. Here were shot such paintings as “Ten Little Indians” and “Ordinary Miracle”.
3. Livadia Palace
The construction date of the snow-white royal palace is over a hundred years ago. It is also a museum reserve, famous for its incredible architectural beauty. In the exhibition centers you can see themed exhibitions dedicated to the Romanov family. If you do not know what to see in the Crimea in 1 day, come here.
6. Foros Church
An exquisite and small temple of the 19th century, built at an altitude of 412 meters above sea level. Look at it from below, and it will seem to you that it is floating in the air. The church is active: weddings, baptisms and priests are held here. From the observation deck you can see the surrounding area and Foros.
7. Assumption Cave Monastery
Talking about the best places in Crimea, it is necessary to mention this male temple, created by the monks of Byzantium in the 13th century. The construction exists for such a long time that even the khan of Crimea came to her to bow to the local shrines.During the USSR, the temple was closed and almost destroyed, but about 25 years ago it was completely restored.
8. Nikitsky Botanical Garden
The territory of the botanical garden is dozens of hectares. On the area of the 19th century there are research centers, all kinds of flowers, plants and trees. There are many greenhouses and even its own museum with a unique herbarium. For fans of the fauna, regular excursions are held, flower festivals, exhibitions and balls are organized.
12. Cave city of Chufut-Kale
The ancient fortress is a city built by the Byzantines in the 3rd century. It was here that the ancient architectural and natural masterpieces - grottoes, caves and foundations - were preserved in the best condition. In addition, wonderful views of the canyon open from the territory of the city (an area of 90 hectares). Be sure to go on a tour of the local men's temple, arranged directly on the rocks.
13. Marble Cave
According to historians, education was formed millions of years ago, and is gradually expanding in size. Inside there are spacious halls, approximately one and a half kilometers long. If you don’t know where to go to Crimea, come to the Marble Cave and look at the unique varieties of local stalactites and crystals.
21. Balaklava Bay
Compact bay with rugged colorful coasts. There is also a Genoese fortress. If the opinions that the first buildings appeared on the shore of Balaklava Bay back in the 8-9th century BC. In the days of the Crimean War, an English military base was located here, and later - during the USSR, a secret facility.
22. Object 825GTS
The formerly classified military facility of Balaklava and an underground station for submarines. During the Soviet Union, the bay was not even marked on maps. After the collapse of the Union, the landmark was looted and destroyed. But 15 years ago, the Ukrainian authorities arranged a museum here with exhibits dedicated to the fleet. Now the Russian government wants to once again change the purpose of the facility by placing a new base on its territory.
23. The Grand Canyon of Crimea
Included in the list of "best natural attractions of Russia». The object is known for its basins and fancy baths, waterfalls and relict forests. Please note: getting here by public transport is quite difficult. Many hotels in Crimea organize excursions here: a visit is recommended with a group. The large landscape canyon is an extensive crack in the rock, the length of which stretches cliffs-capes. In the surrounding area and along the bottom of the crack tourist routes are laid (there are equipped observation platforms).
24. The Valley of Ghosts
More than a hundred stones of various sizes cast original shadows at sunset and at dawn, interwoven with each other and “moving”. The dimensions of some rock blocks are over 25 meters. No spirits are found here, the name was given to the area just taking into account the extraordinary ability of stones to “change their location”.
25. Cape Fiolent
A landscape object with unique flora and fauna. On the territory there are several own attractions, such as Jasper Beach and St. George's Monastery (connected to each other by staircases in the amount of several hundred pieces). We can advise visiting this cape to everyone, but especially to those who are keen on diving. Because here, ships and 100% visibility at sea are almost never moored.
26. Golitsyn trail
The length of the trail, arranged by order of the Golitsyn princes in the eastern part of the peninsula, is 3 kilometers. Aromatic pine trees grow on the famous tourist route, several observation platforms are equipped. The attraction has become a huge success, thanks to the picturesque scenery and fantastic views from the mountain peaks. The Golitsyn trail goes around the magnificent Novosvet bays - Blue, Blue and Green.