Opole is a charming Polish town located on the Odra River, 85 km south-east of Wroclaw.
According to legend, the first inhabitants of the city of Opole lived on an island known as Wyspa Pasieka, which is located in the center of the Oder River.
In the Middle Ages - the capital of an independent principality. From this period, valuable architectural monuments have been preserved.
Already in the VIII century, Opole was an important Slavic settlement, in 1201-1532 - the capital of the Principality of Piast, which in 1327 fell under the rule of the Czech Republic, and in 1532 - under the rule of the Gasburgs.
On the island of Paseka is the 13th-century Piast tower, the remnant of a former castle.
Interesting places Opole
The site contains Opole attractions - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Opole, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Opole.
The market square in Opole, Poland, is located in the very center of this ancient city with many attractions. This is a unique architectural ensemble - the rounded corners of the square are surrounded by stone houses in the Baroque style, built on the model of Florentine palaces. It was in the area of the Market Square, during archaeological excavations, that traces of primitive settlements were found. Today, it is the Market Square that preserves the beauty of the ancient city of Opole.
Opole is the ancient city of Poland, the capital of the smallest Opole Voivodeship of the country. There are many interesting historical and architectural attractions, most of which are concentrated around the Market Square. Interestingly, the market square is surrounded by baroque apartment buildings with rounded smooth corners. Each of the facades of these residential buildings is not like the other, they differ in elusive details. According to the architects of the city, and leading experts of the country, it is the Market Square with its modern appearance that embodies the beauty of the ancient Opole.
Basilica of the Holy Cross
The Basilica of the Holy Cross - a church in Warsaw, located on Kraków Suburb Street, belongs to the Catholic Order of Lazarists. There used to be a chapel of the Holy Cross on this site, the mentions of which date back to 1510.
The temple has existed for a long time and during this period of time has experienced many ups and downs.
The current building of the temple was rebuilt in 1679-1666 in the Baroque style. It was designed by the royal court architect Joseph Shimon Bellotto, and the founder of this temple was Abbot Schuka and Primate Michal Stefan Radzievsky, who illuminated the temple. The towers, covered with beautiful domes, are made by Joseph Fontana. The facade was designed by Jakub Fontana, decorated with statues by Jan Yuri Pleers.
Urns with the hearts of F. Chopin and V. Reymont are buried in the columns of the temple. In the vicinity of the temple are: a monument to Nicholas Copernicus, the Staszits Palace, Chopin's salon.
During the Second World War, the temple was destroyed, but from 1945-53 the temple was restored. Entrance to the temple is free.
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Church of the Holy Trinity
Church of the Holy Trinity - an old Franciscan Roman Catholic church, with a beautiful chapel of St. Anne, which is located in the city of Opole. Currently, there are three chapels in it - St. Anne, Our Lady of Czestochowska and Maximilian Kolbe, in which, during the repair, fragments of frescoes of the 15th century were discovered.
Church of the Holy Trinity is located on Castle Street, in the central part of the city of Opole, not far from the Mlinovka River. The first building on this site dates back to the 13th century, when the Franciscans built a monastery and a wooden church in 1248, which later burned down. The modern church building dates back to 1899, when it was rebuilt and a 52-meter neo-Renaissance chapel was built. It contains the ducal tombs of Boleslav I, Boleslav II and Boleslav III of Opole, as well as the wife of the latter - Anna.
The most popular Opole attractions with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places of Opole on our website.
Main advantages of Opole
The city and its surroundings are famous for a large number of ancient architectural structures. Each of them has its own legend, which residents or guides will gladly tell. In museums, Poles carefully preserve valuable relics that tell of various events. Annual cultural traditions include festivals and international competitions.
Photo: Opole Polytechnic University
Of great importance are scientific educational structures, which are represented by well-known higher educational institutions, as well as a branch of the Catholic University of Lublin. Poland graduates students with a high level of knowledge.
For travelers, the ruins of the Piast Castle, the Cathedral of St. Christ, the Money Bridge, as well as the central city hall will be interesting. Here you can not only learn a lot of entertaining information, but also capture beautiful old palaces and monuments in the photo.
Transport Ways of Communication
For those who wish to visit the city of Opole, Poland provides the opportunity to take the railway. There are four main stations and two stopping points here. For the convenience of residents and visitors, regular buses run around the city. Car enthusiasts can travel by car.
It is not possible to fly directly to Opole by plane, so tourists need to get to their destination from other cities. The closest, within 68-90 km, are cities such as Gliwice, Wroclaw, Czestochowa, Katowice. But from Krakow to Opole, if you go by bus or train, the distance will be 2 times longer - about 155 km.
Place of residence
In order to fully enjoy their holidays in this ancient city, tourists are offered to stay in hotels. Depending on the client’s request, you can choose a high level of service or an economy option.
In Opole, premium hotels are presented with the following options:
1. PianoHotelRestaurant & Pub will delight guests with an excellent central location, helpful and polite staff, delicious breakfasts.
2. DeSilvaPremiumOpole - located near the station on the river bank. The city center can be walked (10-15 minutes). Reviews of tourists indicate good service and living conditions.
3. SzaraWilla - distinguished by its proximity to the shopping center, the availability of a gym, spacious rooms and hearty breakfasts.
4. HotelStarka harmoniously combines a historical monument of architecture and unusual details of modern design. Attracts tourists with proximity to rail links and comfortable rooms.
5. BestWesternHtlOpoleCentrum is a quiet and comfortable place that is close to the city center. The staff helps to make the rest as comfortable as possible.
Shopping centers and shops in Opole are especially attractive for those who want to bring home a souvenir or gift from Poland. These include the KarolinkaShoppingCentre and TurawaPark, which attract fashionistas with their new products. Also, large trade fairs are regularly held here, impressing with the variety of their assortment.
You can enjoy Polish national cuisine or treat yourself to a traditional European menu by visiting local bars and restaurants. The Poles are ready to satisfy the gastronomic needs of any guest.
The most noteworthy places to eat are the following:
• Starka - a popular place in the original style, with a focus on German tourists. Beautiful landscapes and delicious steaks will be remembered by guests for a long time,
• Sopelek is a cafe for the sweet tooth who love ice cream and aromatic coffee,
• NalesnikarniaGrabowska - in the menu of this restaurant, the main type of dishes are a variety of pancakes,
• Tulsi - for those tourists who prefer Indian cuisine. They will prepare food to order, taking into account the individual preferences of the guest,
• LabanaWispie - located on the island of Bolek, a vegetarian restaurant is appreciated for the sincere atmosphere and unique dishes.
Opole is a city in which cultural sights and historical monuments, complemented by the buildings of the present time, have been wonderfully preserved.
The following tourist destinations that are most attractive to travelers can be noted:
1. The old system of canals of the Mlynivka River, which runs through the city, is called the Opole of Venice. A particularly beautiful sight opens at night when lights are lit in the houses.
2. The Royal Upper Castle is an architectural structure of the 14th century, built in the Gothic style.
3. The zoo, located on the island of Bolek, gathered on its territory a variety of representatives of flora and fauna.
4. The Roman Catholic Church of St. Sebastian, built on the site of the inn, is unique in its legend about people saved from the plague.
5. The Millennium Amphitheater is known as the venue for the annual Polish Song Festival. Also from here originates the development of the city of Opole.
This small and cozy place in Poland will forever leave unforgettable impressions in the memory of travelers.
This wonderful architectural object has a chance to become a symbol of the city. Here in the hall for five thousand seats every year since 1963, the festival of Polish song has been held.
There is a museum of Polish songs with unique exhibits about national song traditions. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that the complex was built on the site from which the city began in ancient times. After the completion of modernization in 2011, the amphitheater got the opportunity to implement the most complex creative projects.
Royal Upper Castle Tower
From the ruined Upper Royal Castle in Opole, the only powerful red brick rectangular tower has been preserved. From its upper platform, observation of the surroundings was carried out. It was decorated with rhombuses of darker bricks. The tower has four levels.
This is the only surviving structure of the Piast Castle, which was built in the 13th century. The tower on the island of Paseka is considered a symbol of Opole and one of the oldest monuments of defense architecture. The building, which housed the guardhouse and other premises, is made of brick.
The width of the walls at the bottom reaches six meters. As a result of the reconstruction, a hipped roof with tiles and an image of an eagle on a tower spire appeared near the tower. Soils sagging over time led to a slight slope of the structure.
The city water tower was built at the end of the 19th century and is a prime example of urban industrial architecture of the time. It has a height of 52 meters and a 750 cc steel tank. The tower pumps were driven by a steam engine. It is decorated with rich ornaments, friezes and cornices. The water tower functioned until 2009, after which it was decommissioned and is preserved as the original architectural monument of Opole.
Cathedral of the Holy Cross
The 73-meter church tower of this Roman Catholic temple is visible from anywhere in the city. The church was founded in 1005. Its 60 meter long gothic brick building is 27 meters wide. It is decorated with sculptures and altars with baroque elements by Polish and Italian artists. The church has one main and two side naves. They are complemented by a semicircular apse. In 2009, the cathedral was restored. During these works, unique artifacts of the 19th century were discovered.
Church of St. Sebastian
This temple was built in 1696. There is a legend that this was done in memory of the miraculous salvation of people in this place. There was a tavern in which people could stay for the night. During the plague epidemic, none of the guests were injured.
Residents of the city put on this place a Roman Catholic baroque church. It did not change significantly during the reconstruction. In the 30s, a narthex was built in it and the presbytery expanded. A valuable organ has been transported here from an unexpanded Jesuit church. Roman services were held here.
Museum of the Opole Village
This open-air museum was created in 1961. For several years its foundations were formed, and in 1970 the exposition was inaugurated. It shows the reconstructed dwellings of local peasants of the past and the century before last. Visitors have the opportunity to visit the mill, in the barn, in the barn and forge. Here you can see the old church, inn and school. Over seven thousand exhibits allow you to get an idea of household items, agricultural and craft tools.
On the basis of the Mlynivka River flowing through the city center, Polish architects and builders created a network of canals on the banks of which a respectable residential area of the city was built. Its refined architecture and romantic atmosphere made it possible to informally call this place Opole of Venice.
In the Middle Ages there was a port for small ships with moorings, warehouses, barns and auxiliary facilities. Water mills were built here, which gave the name to the river. Many of these structures have been preserved and, together with modern buildings, are of interest to tourists.
This zoo on the island of Bolek is one of the largest in Poland. It contains twenty thousand hectares of animals and many birds of various species on an area of twenty hectares. Its history begins in 1912 with a private menagerie on an area of one and a half hectares, specializing in exotic birds.
In the 30s of the last century, the zoo was presented with antelopes, monkeys, deer and a lion. During the war, the zoo was destroyed. In 1953 it was opened after restoration. Today it is one of the most modern Polish zoos. He is a member of the Association of European Zoos.
University of Opole
This institution of higher learning was founded in March 1994. It appeared as a result of the merger of the local State Higher Pedagogical School and a branch of the well-known Dublin Catholic University. Eight faculties work in it, where 17 thousand students study. The new educational institution has high scientific ratings and is actively involved in European educational projects. It provides benefits to foreign Poles.
Monument to Soviet soldiers
In the area of the city, heavy battles were fought during the crossing of the Oder at the end of January 1945. After the end of World War II, in the autumn of 1945, a monument was erected on the site of the fighting to the soldiers of the First Ukrainian Front who died in this operation.
Ignacy Dashinsky Square
This remarkable city square with a fountain and notable buildings appeared in Opole in the 19th century. In the post-war period, she received the name of Ignazy Dashinsky - a prominent Polish politician - a fighter for the independence of his homeland. In the place of this beautiful square in the Middle Ages there was a meadow with a small fontanel. At the beginning of the last century, the fountain of Ceres, the goddess of fertility, was built here. His sculptural composition in the Art Nouveau style is an image of the ancient Roman goddess, below which are sculptures of a miner, fishermen and a girl picking fruit.
In 1842, a synagogue was built on donations in the city. It was a 20-meter beautiful building in a classic style.Over time, its area was insufficient, and in June 1896 the last prayer was held here. The building was sold, and part of the proceeds went to the construction of a new synagogue. The old synagogue escaped destruction. After the war, a library was located here. Since 1972, the building was transferred to Polish television for one of the national television channels.
Theater named after Y. Kokhanovsky
In January 1975, the city presented its first performance at the Jan Kokhanovsky Drama Theater. The theater building was erected in the very center of the city on one of its squares. The theater enjoys well-deserved popularity among residents and visitors of the city. He is the organizer of the traditional annual festival of Polish theaters called "Opole Theater Comparisons" Polish Classics ". Performances and other events of this festival attract Polish and foreign tourists to the city.
Franciscan Church of the Holy Trinity
In 1309, on the site of a burnt down Gothic church, Franciscan monks built a church, named after the Holy Trinity. It burned, was plundered. At the end of the XVIII century it was rebuilt in the Baroque style. In the church, under the main altar, there is a tomb, in which the representatives of the famous Polish Piast family rest. Their crypt is decorated with preserved frescoes. One of them, depicting a crucifix, according to scientists, is the oldest wall image of this kind in Opole and the surrounding area.