Lappeenranta from Finnish translates as “Lapland coast”. In 1649, the Swedish Queen Christening was founded to strengthen the borders of the city, called Wilmanstrand (translated as the coast of a wild man). Here, after the Northern War, earthen fortifications were built, a rampart was poured, and a southern gate was established. a city with a hundred soldiers, with a population of three hundred people acquired the status of Linneutus - a border fortress.
The fortress city was destroyed in 1741-43, its inhabitants were destroyed. Wilmanstrand became a Russian town. For some time Suvorov lived in it. She watched the construction of garrison buildings in the fortress. Alexander the First came to the city in 1803, and Alexander the Third came in 1885 and 1891.
In the fortress in 1819-1881 there was a women's prison. Here were women convicted of infanticide. Here they were engaged in weaving. Subsequently, the prison was transferred from here, here until 1881 they began to detain men, and then - the Red Finns. A memorial sign was erected on the fortified northern walls in memory of the victims.
In the fifties of the twentieth century, as a result of reconstruction, the prison was dismantled.
One of the main attractions and a distinctive hallmark of Lappeenranta is the ancient fortress of Linnoitus, located on a promontory near the city center. The construction of the fortress began in 1721 by the Swedes - to protect the borders, the Russians were building it up for the same purpose. Currently, the walls of the fortress have been restored in their original form. Climbing the ramparts, you will see a breathtaking landscape - a panorama of Lake Saimaa. In July, if the day is not rainy, Dragoon patrols go around the fortress and the area of the city bay on weekdays from 14:00 to 17:00, on weekends from 12:00 to 15:00. It is interesting to visit a ceramic workshop, buy souvenirs, as well as eat in a local restaurant.
Address: Kristiinankatu 15.
South Karelian Museum
Located in the oldest part of Lappeenranta, the museum is one of the provincial museums in Finland. The ancient stone buildings surrounding the museum in the 19th century were artillery warehouses. Their uniqueness is that they are made of limestone, and not of wood and brick, as was customary at that time. The museum has two main expositions: “3 cities” - Lappeenranta, Vyborg, Priozersk ”, and“ Lappeenranta - origin and development ”. The second exhibition contains exhibits and documents on the origins of Lappeenranta, the results of archaeological excavations. Here you can trace the development of the economy, transport, trade, international cooperation of the region. The museum also hosts various exhibitions dedicated to modern and ancient events, representing various exhibits related to the region of South Karelia, the Karelian Isthmus and Vyborg. The expositions tell about the times when the city was part of the Swedish kingdom and the Grand Duchy of Finland as part of the Russian Empire. Special routes were invented for young visitors to the museum and special children's rooms were equipped. There is a store where you can buy souvenirs and commemorative postcards.
Opening hours: summer period: Mon-Fri: from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., Sat-Sun: from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m., in winter: Tue-Sun: from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. : 00 a.m.
Art Museum of South Karelia
Art Museum of South Karelia
The Regional Art Museum of South Karelia was opened in the fall in 1965. It is located next to the artillery warehouses, which were built in 1798 during the reign of the Russian Emperor Paul I. The museum's collection includes exhibits of Finnish folk art of the 18th-21st centuries. The main attention is paid to the work of the masters of southern and eastern Finland, modern art is given a special place. Here you can see the work of famous Finnish artists - Kaskipuro Pentti, Levo Einari, Vertannen Anna, Lehtinen Tula and others. Expositions change several times a year. The art museum organizes visiting exhibitions, which are popular among Finns and visitors, who are not indifferent to the history, culture and traditions of other countries and peoples.
Address: Kristiinankatu 8-10.
Opening hours: in summer: Mon-Fri: from 10:00 to 18:00, Sat-Sun: from 11:00 to 17:00, in winter: Tue-Sun: from 11:00 to 17 : 00 a.m.
Church of the Protection of the Holy Virgin
Church of the Protection of the Holy Virgin
The Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin is the oldest church in Finland. Its history began in 1741, when the Russian troops took the city, and the Vladimir Infantry Regiment was left in the city as a garrison. But the soldiers had nowhere to pray, then Prince Repnin asked Empress Elizabeth permission to rebuild the local pickaxe for the church. The permit was delayed, so the soldiers built at their own expense a small wooden church, consecrated in the name of the Protection of the Holy Virgin in 1744. And in 1782, the construction of a new church began on the site of a dilapidated wooden church. Three years later, construction was completed. The church preserved unique church utensils of the 18th century: altar crosses of 1774 and 1795, silver vessels of 1757. and liturgical books.
Address: Kristiinankatu 7.
This museum was opened in 1973 thanks to the enormous efforts of the city authorities. The museum exposition is dedicated to the thirteen-year war (1618 - 1648gg.). The museum displays ancient and very expensive exhibits - for example, military paintings and engravings of the time. In the museum you can see the VIII century flintlock gun - one of the oldest in the army armament. The museum tells the story of the creation of armies, their training, strategy and tactics of many battles. Here you can trace the history of the emergence of a real military aristocracy, consider ancient photographs, genuine clothing of past eras, uniforms, ancient weapons.
Address: Kristiinankatu 2.
Opening hours: in summer: Mon-Fri: from 10:00 to 18:00, in winter: Sat-Sun: from 11:00 to 17:00, in winter: by prior arrangement.
House Museum Volkova
House Museum Volkova
The exposition of the house-museum of the Russian merchant Volkov tells about the history of the city of Lappeenranta. The building is located in the center of Lappeenranta and is one of the oldest buildings in the city - it was built from 1826 to 1905. The ancestor of the Wolkoff dynasty was a serf from Yaroslavl, who came to Finland in the 19th century. From 1872 to 1983, four generations of descendants of the former serfdom lived in this house. Since 1993, the house has been opened as a museum for everyone.
Address: Kauppakatu 26.
Opening hours: in summer: Mon-Fri: from 10:00 to 18:00, Sat-Sun: from 11:00 to 17:00, in December: Sat-Sun: from 11:00 to 17: 00. The museum is closed for viewing in January-February.
Karelian Museum of Aeronautics
Karelian Museum of Aeronautics
The Aviation Museum was opened for visitors in 2000. Its content is handled by the K-SIMY Association of Southeast Finland Air Museums, founded in 1996. The museum consists of two halls, in which, in addition to aircraft, exhibits related to aviation are presented. Here you will see the Mig-21BIS MG-127, SAAB 355 Draken, SAAB-91D SAFIR, as well as aircraft components and parts.
Address: Lappeenranta airfield.
Opening hours: Mon-Fri: from 12:00 to 18:00.
Old wooden town hall
Old wooden town hall
Today it is the former Town Hall, which is considered the oldest wooden building in Finland. The building was built in 1829, and acquired its final form in 1840 (a wing was added with a meeting room). For a long time, Rathshua was used as a city court and city council, a traditional place of meetings and conferences. Since the city administration moved to the new building in 1983, the Old Town Hall has been used as a conference room.
Address: Raastuvankatu 7.
Saimaa Canal Museum
Saimaa Canal Museum
The museum is located near the lock "Myalka". It was founded in 1980 and consists of several branches. The exposition in Lappeenranta has been operating since 1995. She talks about the different stages of development of the Saimaa Canal. The museum presents clothing for employees of the channel, models of locks, the office of the head of the channel is equipped here.
Address: Sulkuvartijankatu 16.
Fans of modern art should visit the following galleries: Pihatto (Valtokatu 80), Laura (Kauppakatu 25), Karilan Navettagalleria (Karilantie, 31). In Pihatto, exhibits change quite often, where you can see the work of Finnish artists. The gallery is located near the city center and is open all year, and admission is free. In Laura, exhibitions change every month, so the topics are always different. Navettagalleria ─ this is a very original gallery, it is located on the farm. Here you can see and purchase handmade products (original dolls), find out the history of this place and have a bite to eat at the cafe.
Its length is 43 km (23 km in Finland and 20 km leased territory in Russia). The average channel width is from 34 to 55 m, the depth is 5.2 m. The difference in level height between the Gulf of Finland and the Saimaa Canal is 76 m. The height difference is regulated using eight locks. The height of the water fall is from 5.5 meters to 12.7 meters. The maximum dimensions of a vessel that can pass through the Saimaa Canal are: length: 82.5 m, width 12.6 m, depth 4.35 m, mast height from the water surface 24.5 m. The cities of Kuopio, Joensuu belong to the water area of the Saimaa Canal and Savonlinna. From Lappeenranta you can sail along the picturesque banks of the canal and go to these cities.
Lappeenranta: Useful Information
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The fortress in Lappeenranta (linnoitus - “fortress”) is located in the old town, near the port, on the shores of Lake Saimaa. The city of Lappeenranta was founded in 1649 by the Swedish Queen Christina as an important defensive point. After the Northern War of 1701-1721 earthen fortifications appeared, put the south gate.
Since 1743, as a result of the Russian-Swedish war, the town of Lappeenranta became Russian. Under the leadership of Suvorov, who lived here for some time, the fortress was expanded, and it began to be used to protect the borders of St. Petersburg. Alexander I and Alexander III visited the fortress.
In the 19th century, convicted female child-killers were kept in its walls, after 1881 - “red” Finns. In the 1950s jail dismantled.
Today, Linneutus is the center of social interaction. City festivals and events are regularly held here, including music festivals. The fortress walls were completely restored in 2002, from the observation deck you can admire the magnificent panorama of the lake.
On the territory of the fortress are located: the Church of the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary, built by fighters of the Russian garrison in 1785 (it is the oldest Orthodox church in Finland), the Cavalry Museum, the Art Museum with works of Finnish and Karelian masters, the Museum of South Karelia with a collection of ethnic costumes, a smaller model of Vyborg pre-Russian period, as well as craft workshops, restaurants, souvenir shops.
How to get to Lappeenranta
In the city of Finland closest to St. Petersburg, there are many buses and minibuses. As a rule, transportation services are provided by small travel companies of St. Petersburg, such as Eurotour (see the bus schedule). Eurotour buses start from the OZERKI and Moskovskaya metro stations. You definitely need to have medical insurance with you, which you can also buy on the Eurotour website.
If you drive your own car, you will have to purchase a Green Card, an analogue of our third-party liability insurance for foreign countries, for medical insurance. The cost of such a card is the same everywhere, it depends on the euro exchange rate and type of car, the minimum validity is 15 days, you can order a Green Card for home delivery in St. Petersburg and Moscow on the website of the same Eurotour.
To minimize your costs of traveling to Finland with your car, you can register on the BlaBlaCar website, find travel companions and share the cost of gasoline or the Green Card with them.
Where to stay in Lappeenranta
In general, to visit Lappeenranta it’s not necessary to spend the night there, you can turn around in one day, but if you plan to go shopping and visit Lappeenranta and the nearby museums, it’s better to spend the night in Finland, so that the next day you can go home without any haste, with sense and arrangement. to St. Petersburg. Overnight in Finland can also promise other pleasures: from throwing fishing rods into the lake to relaxing in the SPA hotel.
The cheapest way to spend the night in Lappa is Huhtiniemi Camping, where you can stay in your tent in the summer or rent a camping cabin. It is important to understand that camping is not a hotel, bed linen and towels need to be taken with you, amenities are in a separate building, but only 50 € for 4 people, 2 km to the city center, a lake nearby, you can go fishing, barbecue.
Citimotel can be distinguished from budget hotels, this is budget accommodation, Finnish minimalism and self-service in full, breakfast and sauna are included. The cost of such pleasure is from 70 € for two.
For lovers of spa relaxation on the shores of Lake Saimaa is absolutely wonderful Lappeenranta Spa. The hotel is located in an old well-renovated building, access to the spa is included in the price. At Lappeenranta Spa everyone likes everything except the price, but sometimes you can afford such a pleasure.
For those who have not found anything suitable for booking, I recommend taking a closer look at the service of renting apartments from the owners of Airbnb. There you can find yourself, as an apartment, and only a room, as well as a nice Finnish house on the lake. Read instructions on receiving a gift from me for the first reservation on the Airbnb website in the amount of about 1,500 rubles.
Lappeenranta Market Square
We visited the market on Thursday 12.06.2014, there was a working day in Finland and there were few traders on the square. The main assortment consists of flowers in pots, berries - strawberries and blueberries, smoked fish - a traditional Finnish product, beloved by Russians and handicrafts of folk craftsmen.
Flowers abound in the market square
Parking at Lappeenranta Market Square
Parking on the market square is paid - 2-20 euros per hour, not cheap at all, but it is a popular tourist destination. Parking on the principle of first you have to pay, then put a check under the glass. This is not the most convenient form of parking, you need to keep track of time all the time.
Market Square - there are many such cute cars in Finland
A large number of the most diverse stores adjoins the market square, but if you go shopping, it is better to surrender to shopping centers on the outskirts of the city, the assortment is no less there and parking is free.
The neat cemetery of the fallen during the last two wars from 1939-1944 adjoins the market square. Nearby is a monument to soldiers buried in Russian territory.
The cemetery of the fallen during the last two wars
For Finnish settlements, unlike the Russian ones, the location of cemeteries in the city center near a former or existing church is typical. The famous bell tower of Lappeenranta is closed for restoration and all wrapped in polyethylene.
All the attractions of the city are located very compactly, it will not be difficult to get around them all on foot. But you can use the services of an excursion train - the route and ticket prices, everything is in Finnish, Google translator will help you understand.
Greek restaurant, Art Nouveau building built in 1914
In the pedestrian zone, the sculpture of the Saimaa seal attracts attention.
Sculpture of the Saimaa seal
This rare animal is a subspecies of ringed seal that lives in fresh water. Today, there are only 310 individuals of this species, so the Finns are very careful about the conservation of this animal.
In Savonlinna, there is also a seal monument, only it is installed in the waters of the lake near the bridge.
Linneutus - Lappeenranta Fortress
Lappeenranta fortress somewhat undermines the concept of what can be called a fortress, there are no walls, towers, towers, ditches filled with water and a drawbridge - Lappeenranta fortress is a bastion type fortress, but even what we can see now is the result of lengthy restoration work . “Linneutus” is translated from Finnish and means “fortress”.
The shafts of the Lappeenranta fortress, in fact, the whole fortress looks like this
The fortress is located on a natural hill on the banks of Saimaa, we began a tour from the side of the city and walked towards the harbor.
There are several museums on the territory of the fortress, all of them can be visited on a single ticket - 9 euros for an adult and 6 euros for a child. A single ticket allows you to visit Cavalry Museum (Cavalry Museum), Art Museum of South Kaleria, Museum of South Karelia. Museum tickets are cheaper in winter, but opening hours are shorter in winter. These are small Finnish museums, you should not expect the St. Petersburg scale, each of these museums consists of only a few rooms.
The monument is the equestrian dragoon Rakuuna Patsas by sculptor Pentti Parinakho.
Now the fortress has been restored in the form in which it was under the rule of the Russian Empire in the 18th and 19th centuries. The study of the sights of Lappeeranta to some extent refers to the study of the history of the native land.
Monument to the Battle of 1741
The monument in the photo above recalls the bloody battle that took place here during the Northern War between the troops of Sweden and Russia. The battle killed more than 4,000 people on both sides and more than 1,000 Swedes were captured. The massacre in the city took on such a cruel character that blood flowed like a river, according to legend, it was this piece of log that carried the blood flow from the fortress and now the monument is called “Log Monument”.
Immediately after the monument, the Vyborg Gate leads to the fortress. True, they can be called gates conditionally, since they represent a narrow passage in the ramparts. From the gate begins Queen Christina Street. This is the Swedish queen, who in 1649 signed a decree granting the city status to the settlement and approved its coat of arms. The savage is depicted on the coat of arms, so this place was seen from Stockholm in the 17th century.
Museum of South Karelia
This structure differs from other local brick and wooden buildings in that limestone was used as building material. The main exhibition of the museum tells about the ancient and modern history of Southern Kaleria, the center of which is considered the city of Lappeenranta. South Karelia is also located on the territory of Russia, for example, the cities of Vyborg and Priozersk used to be Finnish. The museum has their layouts.
Museum of South Karelia
In the square in front of the museum are two French cannons of the 1877 model. The guns were quite common during the First World War. One hundred similar cannons in Finland received as a gift from France during the war in 1939.
Ancient cannons at the museum of South Karelia
These guns were equipped with the Salpa defensive line, and some of them participated in battles on the Svir and on the island of Hanko. The guns were used for direct fire. The flight range of an eight-kilogram projectile was up to 9.7 km.
View from the fortress to the harbor Harbor
14 comments for “Lappeenranta, sightseeing tour”
Why do I need a Schengen visa? It can be opened in any EU country. I made Finnish, but opened it in Narva and then went to Imatra on vacation. Why the first trip to the EU should be in Fink.
Hello! You can open it in any country, but it is still advisable to go to Finka for the first time. There have been cases in Germany that did not let people on a Finnish visa clean, it all depends on the border guards, as you see them. If in the future you want to get Finnish visas without problems, the number of entries to Finland should be more than to other countries.
The people said that they were going from St. Petersburg to Laperanta for food, and at the same time to show the finals that they did not use your country as a transit zone.
This phenomenon is called rolling visa. Since many Petersburgers have Finnish multi-Schengen, it is very easy to obtain, but it is necessary that the number of entries to Finland be greater than the number of entries to other countries of the Schengen area. So many people go to Laapeeenranta for one day for groceries, and Vyborg residents go there every week for groceries.
The article is good, but there are inaccuracies. Nerp is 310 today, it’s just written about it at the exhibition in the Museum of South Karelia on the stand. And you don’t have to pay 6 euros for a children's ticket, admission is free for children under 16
Thanks for clarification, corrected. We did not go to museums on this trip, I hope they were not Lappe for the last time, we still have time.
Such a nice little town. Here, the Swedes, and the Finns, and the Russians visited. Interestingly, there are so few Swedes left, and the Swedish language is still the second state language.
Few Swedes live near the Russian border, the bulk of them live in the Turku (Abo) region, this is just opposite to Stockholm, only the Gulf of Bothnia shares.
The language policy of Finland sympathizes with many. So they express respect for national minorities and preserve historical memory. Northern peoples are less emotional about this problem and more pragmatic.
Yes, the fortress, of course, is impressive =)))
Sand sculptures are some kind of fantasy, I always look at such creations with awe. How much work to destroy everything in a couple of months! But there are such masterpieces!
On the one hand, it is a pity, of course, that everything will be destroyed, and on the other hand, every year there is something new that cannot but rejoice.
It turns out that this town is borderline, since its own fortress existed?
We also held sand sculpture festivals, you are amazed at the skill of sculptors
Yes, the border town, this fortress is one of the many ancient fortresses that defended the border between Sweden and Russia, now these fortresses are on both sides of the Finnish border with Russia, all of them can be visited like museums. Finland gained independence only in 1918, so all the fortresses on its territory are of Swedish origin.
Nice, quiet town. Somehow, there are practically no people in the photo. Coincidence or was it planned?)
The festival of sand figures ... I thought that they only take place in large cities (in Moscow and St. Petersburg), but apparently not. Handsomely)
The people there are really much smaller than in their native St. Petersburg, since the city is much smaller and we were on a weekday for them in the morning.
My name is Elena.
I tell you how you can go where I was. From obtaining a visa to where to eat, what to do. I travel since 2008, always with my family. 23 countries, cities do not count. I answer questions in the comments on the posts. All photos are mine, without photoshop.