Java is a unique place with a special climate and beautiful sights, and despite the fact that this is not such a famous place, the island is worth a visit.
Java Island is part of the Great Sunda Islands and is located near Sumatra. Scientists until today can not understand why he received such a name. There are several theories. According to one of them, the word "Java" has a Proto-Indonesian origin and translates as "home". Some scholars believe that the name comes from Sanskrit and means either “barley” or “lying on the other side”.
Specialists attribute Java to both the mainland and volcanic islands. This is due to the fact that at its base lies a long mountain range stretching through the central part of the island.
The highest point is the Semeru volcano, which has retained its activity to date. In general, over the entire area of the ridge, more than 120 volcanoes can be counted. The central part of the island has a mountainous landscape, but if you go down to the coast, you will find yourself in a swamp.
There are a lot of rivers and lakes, among which Dzhangari, Jatiluhur, Sungai deserve special attention.
The first man on the island appeared, presumably, in the second millennium BC. e. Scientists suggest that he came most likely from the island of Sumatra. Around the 3rd century AD, cities arose on the island and the first state formations formed. One of the very first was Sakalanagara, which gave rise to Tarum, Sund and Mataram. The latter has a rich past and a long history of rule. Over time, it fell into decay and broke up into several small state entities.
At the end of the 13th century, an expedition led by the Mongol Khan Khubilai, known for his conquest of China, was assembled in Java. The empire he created on the island extended its influence to almost all the Sunda Islands. After a couple of centuries, it greatly weakened and broke up into a number of Muslim states.
In the 17th century, European invaders began to penetrate Java. On the coast they created a great many colonies and trading posts. The Dutch were very active in conquest. Step by step, they subjugated all the islands of the Sunda archipelago, establishing the Batavia trading post, which is known to contemporaries as Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia. Immediately after the end of World War II, Indonesia becomes independent and joins Java.
Time has passed and today, Java is the largest cultural, historical and political center of Indonesia with a well-developed infrastructure.
According to recent estimates, the island has long exceeded 140 million people. Thus, Java is recognized as the most densely populated island in the world. The ethnic composition is diverse, but most of the inhabitants are Indonesian-Javanese. In addition, in the composition you can meet Sundans, Madurians and immigrants from China and India who came at different times. The official language throughout the island is Malay. You can often hear Chinese and Javanese dialects.
The main occupation of the local population is agriculture. Villagers grow rice and other cereals. The cities have developed industry: textile, electronic, mining and processing.
The largest city of the island is Jakarta - the capital of Indonesia. It is home to more than 9 million people. Next in terms of size and number of inhabitants are Semarang, Serang, Bandung and others.
Weather on Java
The climate of the island is determined by its location relative to the equator. It is always warm and very humid. There are no sharp changes in temperature, even despite the pronounced seasonality. Air temperature on average is at 24 degrees.
Showers and hurricanes are always short-lived.
Flora is not particularly exotic and unique. In the rainforests grow vines, bamboo, huge ficus. Just above sea level, the diversity of vegetation is becoming richer. You can find oaks, chestnuts and some species of conifers.
The fauna of the island is much more interesting and diverse. More than 150 species of animals live in Java. Among which are many endemic.
The cuisine of the island is considered the most non-exotic. The main components of the dishes are rice, vegetables, beef. Local fruits are very popular, of which there are a lot in Java. If you really want to try real traditional food, you should go to small cafes where the local population eats. They are always tasty and very cheap, unlike restaurants, where guides constantly lead. However, even here you can find exotic.
In the village of Tuban, patties from the land are popular. They are prepared from silty soil from rice fields. According to local residents, this dish is considered nutritious and very healthy. Regarding the palatability of pies, the population of the village tries not to speak.
Javanese drink cane juice, ginger tea, local Tuak beer and palm vodka.
In Indonesia, the most famous and loved by tourists of the island of Bali, however, in Java there is also a lot of interesting things. The beaches on the island are covered with white, large sand, and the sea is always clear. In addition, in local cities there are many attractions that can surprise any tourist. We will get acquainted with the most popular places on the island of Java.
Bromo-Tenger-Semeru National Park
Bromo National Park is located near the city of Surabaya. This is one of Indonesia’s most amazing sights, which attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists every year. The park covers an area of more than 800 square meters. meters. On its territory there is a huge number of dense forests, waterfalls and several active volcanoes. Thanks to them, most of the national park is covered with black, volcanic sand, creating a special alien effect. The park got its name from a local tribe - tenggers and two mountains.
The park is unique thanks to five volcanoes that, according to legend, lead to the underworld. You can climb to the top on foot or in a jeep. This place is very popular among tourists and is considered to be the highlight of the island.
Temple complex Borobudur
The temple complex is located 40 kilometers from Jakarta. This place is not only considered a highlight of the city, but also known throughout the world. It was built around the 8th-9th centuries. For a long time, the temple complex was hidden from human eyes in the shadow of the dense jungle, bombarded with tons of volcanic dust. The ancient building is still a mystery to scientists. No one can give an exact answer when and by whom Borobudur was built. Also, no one can understand why he was left after the eruption of one of the five volcanoes.
When viewed from the side, the entire temple complex resembles a huge 34-meter bell. In its structure, it is a pyramid, the base of which is several large concrete slabs. They have carved stupas in the shape of bells. Inside each stupa are statues of Buddha.
Prambanan Temple Complex
This is an amazing landmark dating back to the 9th century. The temple complex is located a few kilometers from Jakarta. Prambanan is considered the largest in Indonesia. Inside the temple is a huge statue of Shiva. Prambanan is often called the temple of Shiva Lara Jongrang. On the sides of the main temple are built small structures that embody the sacred animals of Indonesia. Also on the territory of Prambanan there are numerous tombs and premises for sacrifice. Recently, the temple complex was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This ancient building has been destroyed more than once. Numerous earthquakes, as well as the volcanic activity of Merapi, were to blame. For more than a hundred years, restoration work has been underway to restore Prambanan.
Mount Merapi is the most active volcano in Indonesia. He constantly smokes. Small eruptions occur every two years, but large eruptions every 15 years. The last time strong volcanic activity was observed in 2006. Thanks to this, Merapi is one of the ten most active volcanoes in the world.
Such fame does not prevent the local population from living at the very foot, and tourists to climb to the very top. The beauties that open from great heights amaze and amaze.
The old city is located in Jakarta and covers an area of about 1.5 square meters. kilometers. This place is the cultural center that has collected the largest number of ancient monuments. The first settlement on this territory was created in the 14th century. Then they built the port. Over time, more and more new objects appeared in the city. A great contribution to the development of the Old Town was made by the Dutch, who built amazingly beautiful temples. This place is currently listed as a World Heritage Site.
The Old Town has many different cultures. That is why this place has a special atmosphere that attracts thousands of tourists.
Water Palace Taman Sari
The palace was founded in the 18th century by the ruler of Jakarta. The complex included leisure rooms, the main palace, a lake, a swimming pool. The construction was under construction for several years with money allocated from the state treasury. Taman Sari at that time was a real work of art. The palace had its own individual sewer system. The castle was separated from the outside world by a huge dug canal. Water supply was made from the lake. Some rooms had warm, heated floors.
In addition, a large network of underground passages was dug under the palace, which connected some rooms to each other. Legends always circulated about the magnificent garden of the palace complex. That is why the castle is called Taman Sari, which translates as "blooming garden." Today, ruins have remained from the once magnificent structure. Some of the territory is inhabited by local residents. In recent years, the restoration of the palace complex. The pool and several rooms are restored and open to the public.
Bogor Botanical Garden
This is one of the most famous places on the island. The garden is located near Jakarta in the province of West Java. In another way it is called "Kebun Paradise." The entire territory of the botanical garden has a huge area of 87 hectares. In addition, 4 branches of Kebun Raya are scattered around Java. The garden collection contains more than 15 thousand of the most diverse plants, comprising 6,000 species. In this place you can still see plants planted even at the base of Kebun Paradise. In addition to endemic plants, there are many specimens brought from other countries, as well as rare species.
Also, the Bogorsk Garden is called a center for the study of nature. And not in vain, since scientists from all over the world constantly come here. The gates of Kebun Paradise are constantly open to numerous visitors. Here you can not only relax from the bustle of the city, but also learn a lot of new things by visiting the Zoological and Botanical Museum. One of the main exhibits of the Bogor Garden is a collection of orchids. Some species of this amazing flower are found in closed greenhouses, while others grow on open-air lawns.
Sea of sand
The sea of sand is a unique sight and is located in a large caldera with a diameter of 10 kilometers. Majestic volcanoes for many millennia spewed tons of lava rock, which over time turned into coarse black sand. Once here, you plunge into a special atmosphere.
The landscape that opens to the gaze is very similar to the surface of the moon. A special effect is added by foggy haze over the crater, which constantly hangs over the volcano.
Along the northern coast of Java you can see a huge number of small islands. From a great height it feels like there are more than a thousand. However, calculations showed that there are about 115 continental formations in this area. Their number may vary depending on the tides. So Jakarta is the only place in whose territory more than a hundred islands.
The site contains Java attractions - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Java, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places in Java.
Prambanan is a complex of Buddhist and Hindu temples of the early Middle Ages. The complex is located in Indonesia, on the island of Java, on the southern slope of the famous volcano Mareli.
The complex was built in 856 in honor of the victory of the Hindu king Rakai Pikatan over the last Buddhist king of the Sailendra dynasty. The whole complex is divided into 3 zones. In the outer and middle zones there are many small temples, and in the interior - 8 main temples and 8 small ones.
The largest temple of the complex is the Prambanan temple dedicated to Shiva. This is a 47-meter structure, in which the 3-meter statue of Shiva is located.
Also near the temple you can see statues dedicated to Vishnu and Brahma. The walls of the temples are decorated with bas-reliefs depicting mythical scenes. This complex is recognized by UNESCO in 1991 as a World Heritage Site.
One of the popular attractions of Jakarta is the Maritime Museum, or Bahri, located in a quiet harbor in the northern part of the city. It was opened in 1977 in the territory of the old Dutch warehouse of the East India Company, used for storing spices.
The museum contains collections telling about marine history, shipping traditions and the importance of the sea in the economy of modern Indonesia. The marine history hall features models of ships and cannons, as well as a model of Onrust Island, which housed a former shipyard for repairing vessels of the Dutch East India Company. The exposition dedicated to sailing ships contains models of the Indonesian archipelago. Here is a rare collection of schooners of the Pinisi model, which is still very popular in the world.
In the area of modern shipping in Bahri, various navigational aids, naval maps of Indonesia, lighthouse information, valuable photographs and marine folklore are presented. A separate room is occupied by a collection devoted to biological oceanography, which presents the whole variety of flora and fauna of the coastal region of Indonesia.
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The terrible and dangerous volcano on the most populated island of the planet is located near the city of Yogyakarta, economically significant for the island of Java. This one of the many active volcanoes of the island, it would seem, does not frighten locals at all. Once or twice a year, the volcano makes small eruptions, seriously erupts once every 7 years, well, and the volcano constantly smokes.
One of the eruptions of Merapi, which took place in 1673, wiped out several cities and villages from the face of the earth, completely changed the landscape of a large territory - even the rivers then changed their channels. Even earlier, in 1006, when the volcano woke up, a crack formed in it, and the eruption was so terrible and massive that it destroyed the entire kingdom of Mataram. Today, Merapi is considered one of the most dangerous volcanoes on the planet, and all activities, including tourist passages and ascents, are prohibited within a radius of many kilometers from its base.
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Bromo Volcano is an active volcano, one of the main tourist attractions of the island of Java, in Indonesia. The volcano is part of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park National Park, its height is 2329 meters.
Volcano Bromo has long been surrounded by superstitions and is the central place for performing numerous rituals of local residents. In particular, there is Yadnya Kasada - a volcano calming festival. This action lasts about a month, and on the fourteenth day it is customary to march to the volcano in order to bring its gifts to it. The Indonesians symbolically donate food, fruit or animals to the volcano, and after the sacrifice they pray in the hope of appeasing the gods.
The ritual of Yadnya Kasada is very ancient, it originated in the east of Java as early as the fifteenth century, drawing mythology from local legends with which the inhabitants of the island willingly treat all tourists who want to join the ceremony of appeasing the volcano.
The ceremony itself is extremely bright and colorful, but you cannot call it safe - the ascent to Bromo is associated with a whole series of dangers, and only the most desperate daredevils dare to descend to the crater. Nevertheless, the ritual of climbing the volcano regularly attracts many lovers of exotic and extreme entertainment.
Merapi is Indonesia's largest active volcano, located in the center of about. Java, a few kilometers from the city of Yogyakarta. The volcano is 2914 meters high.
Almost daily you can observe how the volcano smokes, and eruptions occur approximately once every 7 years, smaller explosions occur twice a year. At this time, the plume of gas and ash rises above the peak to a height of 10 km. In the history of the island, many settlements were destroyed at the foot of the volcano, located tens of kilometers from the peak, more than one thousand people died.
From April to November, this is the time of the "dry" season, the volcano is visible at a distance of fifty kilometers.
For 17 centuries, this volcano has been considered the most dangerous on the planet.
Palace of Independence
The Independence Palace in the center of Jakarta is the official residence of the President of the Republic of Indonesia. It is located opposite Merdeka Square and is a national historical monument. This building was built in 1873 in a neoclassical style. Here was the residence of the Governor General of the Dutch East Indies. In 1949, the palace got its current name "Merdeka", which means "independence" in Indonesian.
Together with neighboring state buildings, it forms the presidential complex, the center of the Indonesian executive. The Independence Palace is the official venue for government events such as Independence Day ceremonies, meetings of honored guests, reception of credentials from foreign ambassadors, the grand opening of national and international congresses and official banquets of the state.
On the lawn in front of the palace is a magnificent fountain and a flagpole 17 meters high. The annual flag-raising ceremony takes place during the celebration of Indonesian independence on August 17.
Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary
The Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary is a Catholic church in the north of Java, as well as the Cathedral of the Archdiocese of Semarang. It is located next to Tugu Muda Square, which has been included in Indonesia's cultural heritage list.
The Catholic community acquired the land on which today's church is located, back in 1926. Until 1930, it was just a small parish church, which, 5 years later, was demolished and a modern church was built.
On June 25, 1940, the Apostolic Vicariate of Semarang was established, and the church became the cathedral of this newly-made Catholic structure. Due to the war for independence of Indonesia, the department was moved to the city of Bintaran. However, in 1949 she was again returned to Semarang.
Currently, the complex of the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary also has a conference hall and a school. In 2012, the official residence of the bishop was organized here, which consists of a chapel, an archive, a secretariat, a garden, as well as six living rooms.
The cathedral itself was built on a stone foundation, the roofs and arches are decorated with parapets, and the doors go directly to three cardinal points: north, west and south.
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The beautiful coastal city of Anyer is located in the province of Banten, about 100 km west of Jakarta. It is primarily known for its magnificent beach overlooking Mount Rakata, which appeared as a result of the eruption of the volcano Krakatau.
On the beach of Anyer you can find all the best that is characteristic of the seaside resorts of Indonesia: the finest white sand, a beautiful turquoise sea, well-developed infrastructure, opportunities for outdoor activities - beach volleyball and football, and for water sports - jet skiing and water skiing, parasailing.
Diving enthusiasts can stroll along the coast to the old Cikoneng lighthouse. Due to volcanic formations, sea water here is characterized by a high content of minerals - this creates favorable conditions for the prosperity of underwater life. The diversity of the local underwater flora and fauna will impress even marine biologists.
Address: Pantai Sambolo Anyer, Jl. Raya Anyer, Bandulu, Serang, Banten 42112, Indonesia.
Beach in Batu Karas
Many people mistakenly believe that all the best beaches in Indonesia are located only in Bali, although in terms of sand and the presence of waves suitable for surfing, some Java beaches are in no way inferior to them. One of these beaches is located in the Javanese village of Batu Karas. It is a deserted coastal zone of loose golden sand, stretching for many kilometers.
Unlike many beaches in Indonesia, Batu Karas has ideal conditions for surfing. In addition, this wonderful place will be appreciated by lovers of a relaxing beach holiday, who just want to sunbathe and swim.
Address: Batu Karas Beach, Batukaras, Kabupaten Ciamis, West Java, Indonesia.
Historic complex Sultan's Palace
This huge palace (kraton) is located in the southeastern part of Java - in the historical center of Yogyakarta, and is the heart of the cultural and political life of the city. The Sultan's Palace, in fact, is a real fortified city, which includes a whole complex of buildings, streets and squares: pavilions and houses in which about 25,000 people live, shops, a market, handicraft premises, as well as schools and mosques.
The sultan living in the palace is served by about 1,000 people. Although the Pagelaran Pavilion is part of the palace complex, it has a separate entrance for visitors.
Address: The Palace of Yogyakarta, Jalan Rotowijayan, Panembahan, Yogyakarta City, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Chandi Sukukh Temple Complex
Chandi Sukuh is one of the most exotic and mysterious places on the island of Java. The temple complex is located in a picturesque place - on the western slope of Mount Lavu. It rises at an altitude of 900 m above a vast plain. This quiet, secluded place makes it possible to immerse yourself in the amazing atmosphere of the ancient mysterious world.
The complex, which occupies a relatively small territory, includes: the central temple, altars and ancient monuments. The central temple in the form of a stepped truncated pyramid looks surprisingly proportional. The facades are decorated with bas-reliefs, and the area of the complex - statues with images of mythical characters.
Chandi Sukukh is often called an “erotic” temple because of naturalistic sculptures and erotic plots, however, historians suggest that they have symbolic significance, since the cult of fertility once flourished here.
Address: Candi Sukuh, Tambak, Berjo, Karanganyar Regency, Central Java, Indonesia.
Museum Sampoern House
Sampoern House is one of the most famous attractions of the city of Surabaya - a port city in the eastern part of Java. For a long time, the manager of one of the largest Indonesian kretek cigarette factories lived in this house. Currently, the production is owned by the American tobacco giant Altria, and was previously owned by Philip Morris.
No matter how you relate to tobacco products, this fascinating house-museum is definitely worth a visit. All exhibits are somehow connected with the history of the famous cigarette factory, the company's products and the name of its creator. The museum building itself is a striking example of Dutch architecture of the XIX century. Initially, a children's shelter was located here, later converted into a theater, which Charlie Chaplin himself once visited.
Address: House of Sampoerna, North Krembangan, Surabaya City, East Java, Indonesia.
National Museum of Indonesia
The Jakarta National Museum is considered the best museum of its kind in all of Indonesia. It is housed in a beautiful neoclassical building, the construction of which was completed in 1862. The Jakarta Museum is also called the Elephant House because of the bronze sculpture of this animal, standing on a high pedestal in front of the main entrance.
The exhibits of the museum’s richest collection are presented in several sections - archaeological, ethnographic, prehistoric and others. In the section of ethnography, special attention is paid to Dayak dolls, wooden statues from the island of Nias, as well as unique textiles.
Address: National Museum, Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat, Gambir, Central Jakarta City, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Ujung Pendant National Park
Ujung Coulomb National Park is located on the southwestern edge of Java. This is a territory of pristine rainforests, unspoiled wildlife, a clean coast and healthy coral reefs. Because of the relative inaccessibility, there are not many tourists here, although this Indonesian national park is actually one of the most amazing on the whole island of Java.
There are many rare and endangered species, for example, such as the Javanese rhino. Currently, the population of these large mammals totals no more than three dozen individuals. In 1991, Ujung Coulomb was the first of Indonesia's national parks to be declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Address: Ujung Kulon National Park, Banten, Indonesia.
It is here that the residents of Jakarta come to take a break from the city traffic. It is symbolic that the main square of the city is precisely Medan Merdeka (translated - Freedom Square). It covers an area of almost 1 km² and is considered one of the largest squares in the world. In the XIX century, the Dutch called it Royal Square (Koningsplein).
After the colonial administration moved from Batavia (now the Old City of Jakarta - Kota) to Central Jakarta, the territory of the square became the city center. Freedom Square has always played an important role in the life of the city. Festive military parades and civilian demonstrations are still taking place here.
There has always been a large number of government buildings in Freedom Square. The reconstruction project, conceived by President Sukarno (and then continued by General Suharto), was to turn the entire area of the square into a huge park. The modern look of Freedom Square is largely consistent with the idea of this project. The carriageway was dismantled and replaced by a pedestrian road, and around the National Monument a huge park was divided, divided by cobblestone paths into four equal parts.
Address: Merdeka Square, Gambir, Central Jakarta City, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Water Castle Taman Sari
This once magnificent park, built between 1758 and 1756, with palaces, pools and ponds, served as a place of entertainment for the Sultan and his retinue. It is said that the sultan ordered the execution of the Portuguese architect of this intricate haven to be executed in order to keep secret the presence of underground tunnels and secret rooms under the palace. Taman Sari water castle was seriously damaged during the Javan War of 1825-1830, and then it was finally destroyed by the earthquake of 1867.
Despite attempts to rebuild the complex in the early 1970s, the main part of what remains of the water castle is ruins and fragments of walls. Taman Sari complex is surrounded by a colorful residential area, which harmoniously fits into the ruins and fragments of the buildings of an abandoned castle.
About 2,000 people live in traditional Javanese homes. Many locals directly at their homes sell handicrafts or offer coffee with snacks.
Address: Kampung Wisata Taman Sari, Patehan, Yogyakarta City, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
These amazing waterfalls are located near the town of Purwokerto in the province of Central Java and are very reminiscent of the famous waterfalls in the Amazon. Hiking to the top of the water flows is quite long.
However, during this long and difficult journey, you will be rewarded with magnificent views of the surrounding landscapes, and the climax of the climb will be an unforgettable picture of mighty waterfalls that fall through the forest canopy into the clear waters of the lower pools. There are quite a lot of waterfalls, but one of the most beautiful and famous is Curug Belot.
Address: Curug Nangga, Hutan, Petahunan, Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia.
Indonesia is famous for its majestic mountains. One of the most impressive, but not very famous, is the amazing Ijen Mountain, located in the eastern part of Java. It is an intergrown chain of volcanoes, many of which are active.
The main attraction of the Ijen volcanic complex is the world's largest acid lake. Due to the high concentration of metals and high acidity, the water in the lake acquires a beautiful turquoise color.
Another feature of Mount Ijen is the blue flame on its slopes. The mountain looks especially bewitching at night - this is one of the most beautiful natural phenomena in Indonesia. The blue color of multi-meter flames is explained by the combustion of volcanic gases containing sulfur. Coming out of the cracks of the volcano, they ignite spontaneously, creating a luminous blue flame in the moonlight.
Address: Ijen, Pt. Perk. Lidjen, Tamansari, Licin, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java, Indonesia.
Kawa Ijen Lake
The most unusual sight of the Ijen volcanic plateau is the amazing sulfuric lake Kava Ijen of bright turquoise color. During the night ascent to the crater of the volcano, you can see the glowing tongues of blue flame, breathtaking landscapes, as well as a group of prospectors who are engaged in one of the rarest and most dangerous work in the world - mining sulfur on the slopes of the volcano.
Address: Ijen, Pt. Perk. Lidjen, Tamansari, Licin, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java, Indonesia.
Timang Beach is located in the Gunung Kidul area, about an hour's drive from Yogyakarta. This is an ideal place for those who want to leave the busy city and spend the whole day on the coast, enjoying a relaxing holiday. On the beach there are many small stalls where you can buy local snacks, such as fresh coconuts and noodles.
It is quite lively here on weekends. There are two reasons for this. Firstly, in this area Timang beach is one of the most popular among locals and tourists. And secondly, nearby there are excellent seafood restaurants where you can order fresh crab, shrimp and even lobster.
Address: Timang Beach, Jl. Pantai Sel. Jawa, Pantai, Purwodadi, Gunung Kidul Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Marshy Plateau Dieng
Dieng Plateau, located at an altitude of 2,100 m, is one of the most popular attractions of the island of Java. The main reason that many people come here is a pilgrimage to ancient Buddhist temples, which are scattered along the path of climbing a plateau.
When you reach the top, you will see transparent backwaters filled with spring water, as well as thermal springs, shrouded in a cloud of hot steam. The view from the top of the plateau is truly breathtaking, especially during sunset.
Address: Dieng Plateau, Bakal Buntu, Bakal, Banjarnegara, Central Java, Indonesia.
Goa Cave Jomblang
This famous cave is located about an hour from Yogyakarta - in the Highlands of Gunung Kidul. To get into the cave system surrounded by forests, you will have to go down a steep rocky slope.Jomblang is a 60-meter vertical well, from which a tunnel leaves leading to another well - Grubug Cave. She is famous for her light column - a stream of sunlight that passes through an opening in the upper part of the rock formation.
The most spectacular pillar of light looks at noon. It is definitely worth a visit here for the sake of this unforgettable sight, especially for those who are fond of speleotourism.
Address: Goa Jomblang, Jetis Wetan, Pacarejo, Gunung Kidul Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Calibiru National Park
Many visitors to the Calibra National Park will be able to recognize it from images of picturesque landscapes that often appear on Instagram in recent years. There are many fascinating attractions in the park, but the main one is the observation platforms, from which for miles you can enjoy stunning views of the surrounding area.
You can enjoy the panoramas of local beauties even from tall trees, on which simple wooden platforms are installed. Most tourists try to get into the park early in the morning or in the evening to enjoy an unforgettable sunrise or sunset.
Address: Kalibiru, Jl. Kalibiru - Clapar, Kalibiru, Jatimulyo, Girimulyo, Kabupaten Kulon Progo, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55653, Indonesia.
Kampung Pelangi is a small village located in the southern region of Semarang, and its name in Indonesian means Rainbow Village. This is a fairly new attraction that has appeared in Java in recent years. Wanting to attract more tourists to this area, the government allocated funds for the reconstruction of a small village.
As a result, the former slums turned into a stunning colorful village, where all houses and buildings are painted in bright colors. All this resembles a quaint fairytale town! The reconstruction plan really worked, and now there are a lot of tourists flocking here who want to photograph an amazing colorful sight.
Address: Kampung Pelangi, Jalan Doktor Sutomo, Randusari, Semarang City, Central Java, Indonesia.
Mendut Temple and Monastery
Mendut Temple is just 3.5 km east of Borobudur Complex. At first glance, it may seem insignificant in comparison with its grandiose neighbor. However, it is in the Mendut Temple that the most famous 3-meter Buddha statue in Java is located. She is famous for portraying the Buddha in an unusual pose - he sits in European style, with his legs down and his knees wide apart.
The figure of Buddha is surrounded by bodhisattvas: on the left is a statue of Lokeshvara, and on the right is Vajrapani. Near the temple is a functioning Buddhist monastery. The mysterious atmosphere of the Mendut Temple is especially felt with the onset of darkness, when it is illuminated against the evening sky, and the grandiose inner room seems to be filled with supernatural energy.
At nightfall, guards let visitors inside the temple, accompanied by a local guide.
Address: Mendut Buddhist Monastery, Jl. Magelang, Sumberrejo, Mendut, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.
Lake Telaga Varna
Surrounded by a mountain forest and steep plant ledges, this lake is famous for its amazing color. The hue of the water is determined by sulfur-containing volcanic gases leaving the depths of the lake - it changes from soft turquoise to saturated blue cobalt.
The path paved with concrete goes around two neighboring lakes at once - Telagu Varna and Telagu Pengilon. There are many secluded picnic spots and hiking paths on the shore.
Address: Telaga Warna, Dieng, Kejajar, Wonosobo Regency, Central Java, Indonesia.
Taman Fatahillah Square
The cobblestone square Taman Fatahillah is one of the centers of the old urban area of Kota. It is surrounded by majestic colonial buildings overlooking the canal. Here you can rent a bike, visit the museum, eat deliciously or just wander around in the crowd among tourists and residents.
During the time of Dutch colonization, this square was the center of Batavia and was called Stadhuis Plein. Later it was renamed in honor of the military commander, who in the 16th century captured the settlement of Sunda Kepala.
Address: Fatahillah Square, Jalan Lada Dalam, RT.7 / RW.7, Pinangsia, West Jakarta City, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Pantai Annora Beach
This public beach on the east coast of the Karimunjava archipelago is known for its spectacular ocean views. An uneven path leads along the cape to a number of places from where stunning seascapes open. The ocean looks like it is woven from interwoven rags of different shades of blue - from deep indigo to aquamarine. Having made a couple of turns at the end of the cape, you will find yourself at the best point of view.
Address: Annora beach, Karimunjawa, Jepara Regency, Central Java, Indonesia.
Jin de Yuan Temple
Jin de Yuan Temple is the oldest and most significant temple of Chinese Buddhists in Jakarta. It was erected in 1755 and is still active. The most striking feature of the structure is the roof, crowned with two wriggling dragons that eat pearls.
In the decoration of the interior, special attention is drawn to Buddhist statues, large ancient bells and drums, as well as amazing calligraphy. Thick incense smoke emanating from incense burners and candlesticks spreads throughout the temple.
Address: Klenteng Jin De Yuan, Jl. Petak Sembilan, RT.1, Pinangsia, West Jakarta City, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Bogor Botanical Garden (Kebun Paradise Botanical Garden)
In the heart of the resort of Bogor is the world famous botanical garden called Kebun Raya. It occupies a vast territory of 87 hectares and has one of the richest collections of plants collected from all over the world. In addition to the beloved House of Orchids with its delicate exotic flowers, there are approximately 15,000 plants in the garden.
Among them, 400 varieties of palm trees, many elegant fruit trees of pandanas, as well as huge agaves and cacti in the Mexican section. Here you can just walk among the shady alleys and picturesque flower beds, or relax with a book on one of the large lawns.
Address: Kebun Raya Bogor, Jalan Ir. Haji Juanda, Paledang, Bogor City, West Java, Indonesia.
In Java, the largest in terms of population, in importance and size is the city of Jakarta. On a map it can be found in the northwestern part of the island, on the coast itself. This is the largest settlement in the Malay Archipelago, which is also the capital of Indonesia. Jakarta has a population of 9.6 million. The list of major cities located in Java includes:
- Malang et al.
According to its administrative structure, the island is divided into three provinces. These are West, East and Central Java.
The Pearl of the Malay Archipelago
Indonesia comprises about seventeen thousand islands. However, Java, without any doubt, is among them a real queen. Despite the fact that this is the most populated island of our planet, there are quite a lot of places untouched by man. The trip to Java will appeal to the most adventurous tourists who want to recharge their batteries and get a real drive. The island offers its guests ancient monuments and huge national parks, volcanoes and rice plantations, adjacent to dense forests, sections of the shroud and large cities.
Many tourists who want to get acquainted with Indonesia, first fly to the island of Java. The capital of the country - Jakarta, which is a colossal metropolis, serves for many the starting point from which the path to more interesting and quiet routes begins.
This city is very complex and ambiguous. But it is from him, as a rule, that tourists begin to explore the island of Java. Only in Jakarta, after sightseeing and areas, you can feel the rich history of the country, its diverse culture and unusual architecture.
The list of interesting places in the capital of Indonesia includes numerous exhibition centers and parks. But among them there are those that deserve special attention of tourists. This, for example, the Taman Mini Park. On its territory there are 27 pavilions, in each of which traditional buildings, interesting decorations and other exhibits presented by various provinces are demonstrated. Here you can admire the miniature, which in all details is Indonesia.
The park of dreams located in the Anchola area attracts tourists. On its territory you can buy jewelry made of bone, batiks and other creations of local masters.
The center "Tamaya Ismail Narzuki" is also interesting for guests of Jakarta. On its territory there are many venues on which there are five theaters and numerous exhibitions. The complex includes a dance hall and a planetarium.
The main attraction of the capital, which the island of Java is rightly proud of (see photo below), is the National Monument. It is a tower towering more than 130 m above the surface of the earth. The material for its manufacture was Italian marble. On top of the National Monument is decorated with imitation of flame made of gilding. For Indonesia, this tower is a symbol of the capital.
Numerous tourists seek to visit the temples of the island of Java. Getting acquainted with Indonesia, it is impossible not to visit Borobudur. It is the third largest Buddhist Hindu temple in the world. In size, Borobudur is second only to Cambodian Angkor, as well as the Burmese Shwedagon.
The Indonesian temple is a step pyramid whose height is 34 m. It rises on an artificially created hill that embodies the sacred Mount Meru (according to ancient Indian traditions, it is it that is the center of the whole world). According to the teachings, any visitor to Borobudur or a pilgrim begins his ascent "from earth to heaven." Moreover, the road leading to the temple is a spiral. Passing through it, visitors examine the eight terraces of Borobudur and get acquainted with the history of Buddhism, carved on one and a half thousand reliefs and stone sculptures.
The architecture of the temple itself indicates the influence of Persian, Greek, Indian and Babylonian architects. This is a magnificent building, from the upper levels of which an exciting and grandiose view opens. There is also a sculpture of Buddha. There is a legend that one who was able to reach his little finger will certainly be lucky.
Java Island (Indonesia) is rightfully proud of this real wonder of the world. After all, the Borobudur temple, which was built 1200 years ago, is a beautiful, grandiose and picturesque building. It survived the eruption of the nearby volcano Merapi, a change on the island not only of a political course, but also of religion. It also retained its beautiful appearance after the invasions of treasure hunters.
What else attracts tourists to the island of Java? The sights located on its territory contain another masterpiece on its list, which is ranked lower than Borobudur. This is the temple complex of Prambanan. Unlike Borobudur, it is located on a plain, which locals call the “Valley of the Kings”. This territory is literally dotted with the ruins of ancient structures.
The end of the construction of Prambanan is considered 856 year. This temple perpetuated the victory of the Hindu king Pikatan over the Buddhist king belonging to the Shailendra dynasty.
What other temples does Java offer to its guests for exploring? The sights that Javanese are proud of include the Kraton palace complex on their list. Locals consider him the "navel" of the world. The palace was for the island not only the seat of the sultanate. Javanese believed that here is the center of the universe.
In Kraton are located:
- the chambers of the sultan and his family members,
- throne room,
- pavilions for various performances,
- a mosque
- chambers for contemplation.
In the 19th century The interior of the palace complex has been changed. He was given European features. Cast-iron columns and Italian marble, furniture and chandeliers in the Rococo style appeared. All these interior details are in strong contrast with the Kraton Javanese foundation.
Not far from the bustling capital of Jakarta is a calm town. Just an hour from the metropolis by train, and you are in Bogor, famous throughout the island for its huge botanical garden. Here you can see the largest flower on our planet - “titanic amorphophaldus”.
Among locals, Bogor is called the "city of rain." Indeed, every day in the afternoon it is definitely raining here. That is why it is better to stroll in the botanical garden early in the morning. Visitors will see amazing trees that look like flared pants. There is a Mexican garden, an orchid garden and much more. Deer roam in the royal park next door.
It is one of the most national parks in Java. It differs from all others in that the road to it is relatively simple. It is enough to drive from Bogor in just an hour and a half.
Gunung Halimun Park is worth a visit to those tourists who are lovers of fauna and flora. Here you can see a large number of plants, more than a dozen species of birds, as well as mammals (including those on the verge of extinction of West Javanese gibbons).
This city was founded by the Dutch in the 18th century. Tourists who choose it get acquainted with the eastern part of the island of Java. Malang attracts guests with its surroundings, which are spread comfortably coffee plantations. There are also numerous Hindu temples built on the slopes of Mount Penanggungan, which the locals consider sacred. Not far from Malang are the most famous beaches among tourists, the most popular of which is Balekambang. Volcanoes such as Seperu, Bromo and Ijen can be quickly reached from the city. Public transport runs to them from Malang.
Java (Jawa) - the largest island of Indonesia, stretching from east to west for 1000 km. Here is also the capital city of Jakarta (Indonesia). The island has a very rich history - it was the birthplace of several ancient states. Witnesses of long-standing events are unique temples, which from time to time suffer from the destructive power of nearby volcanoes, after which they are restored. There are a lot of volcanoes in Java - more than 100, and a fourth of them are active. The main attraction of the island and the whole of Indonesia is the Borobudur temple complex.
Temple complexes in the vicinity of Yogyakarta
The cultural capital of the island is the ancient Yogyakarta (Jogjakarta). The city itself has many historical values: the Sultan's palace, an underground mosque, a historical museum, etc. In addition, Yogyakarta is the starting point for excursions to such world-famous monuments as the Borobudur Temple Complex and Prambanan.
A true wonder of the world is the Buddhist temple complex Borobudur, located 40 km from Yogyakarta. It amazes with beauty, scope, grandeur and picturesqueness. Built over a thousand years ago, the Borobudur temple survived the eruption of the Merali volcano. For hundreds of years, he was lying in the jungle, covered with ashes, and literally reborn again after the British discovered him in 1815. In the last century, the Dutch actively engaged in the restoration of Borobudur.
Borobudur is a huge eight-story stupa on a square foundation. The five lower tiers are square in shape, while the three upper tiers are round. At the highest tier, 72 small stupas are installed, made in the shape of a bell. Now Borobudur complex is an object of pilgrimage for believers and a place of mass invasion of tourists.
18 km east of Yogyakarta is another unique temple complex - Prambanan. It is believed that this Buddhist shrine was built in the 10th century.In the first half of the last century, restoration was carried out by the efforts of Dutch scientists. Particularly popular with tourists is the Prambanan Temple - a structure 47 meters high, consisting of four tiers made in the form of concentric platforms of a square shape.
Around there are smaller temples. The walls of the temples are decorated with bas-reliefs, based on plots from the Ramayana. A visit to the Prambanan complex for foreigners is paid - $ 15. A beautiful green alley leads to the complex. Although the main recovery phase is over, but everywhere there are piles of stones. Excavations and restoration are ongoing.
In the east of Java is Surabaya - one of the main ports of Indonesia, the second largest city.
For most tourists, it is a “transit point” on the way to Sulawesi and the island of Bali. However, Sarabaya has its own merits. Here you can feel a charming mixture of antiquity and modernity. Noteworthy is Masjid al Akbar Surabaya - a majestic mosque in the Arab quarter, the height of which is 65 m. By taking an elevator to its upper part, you can enjoy aerial view of Surabaya.
It is definitely worth a look Suramadu Suspension Bridge connecting Fr. Java with about. Madura Its length is 5.5 km, width - 32 m, height - 35 m.
Human nature is such that danger frightens and at the same time fascinates. Volcanoes of Indonesia attract a huge number of tourists who want to see the natural beauty and power of active volcanoes. On about. Java has more than 35 active volcanoes, and the island itself is also of volcanic origin. Each of them is famous for something: Merapi - activity, Semeru - height, Krakatau - destruction, Kava Ijen - sulfur lake, Tangkuban - accessibility.
In the east of. Java is the beautiful volcano Bromo, one of the most active in the world and the most visited in Indonesia. The terrible volcano, whose height is 2329 m, among the surreal alien landscape from time to time releases puffs of smoke. Tourists come here to meet the dawn in order to look at the miracle of nature in the early morning.
The next in the popularity ranking is Kawah Ijen volcano, height 2400 m. It is famous for its unique emerald lake located inside the crater - the largest acid lake in the world, instead of water containing sulfuric acid. In the daytime, a white haze swirls above it, and at night tongues of blue flame appear.
Sulfur collectors work in the crater of the volcano, extracting pieces of sulfur on the shores of the lake in very harmful and dangerous conditions. The temperature on the surface of the lake is about 60 ° C, and at its bottom - 200 ° C. Despite the unusual and frightening beauty, the crater of the Kava Ijen volcano and the lake are used not so much to attract tourists as to extract sulfur. In this case, manual, inhumanly hard work is used.
The active volcano Tangkuban is a popular tourist attraction. Perhaps his fame was facilitated by easy accessibility - you can get to the top of Tangkuban by car along a specially constructed convenient road. The height of the volcano is 2000 m, its hollow outwardly resembles an inverted boat, as the name says - Tangkuban Prau.
The main crater constantly reminds of activity, emitting volcanic gases. The relatively small lower crater is filled with hot springs and steam. Tourists can stroll around the main crater of the Tangkuban volcano, see it from all sides. The ubiquitous merchants here sell souvenirs, pieces of sulfur from trays.
Ujung Coulomb National Park
Ujung Kulon is located in the southwest of about. Java. It includes the Ujung Kulon Peninsula, as well as a group of islands of volcanic origin Krakatau. The third part of the park is occupied by the sea. The places here are very picturesque, especially on land, where unique low-mountain rainforests grow.
The flora and fauna of Ujung-Kulon is well preserved due to the fact that the surviving residents left this area after the Krakatau eruption that happened in 1883. Since then, the volcano has become much lower. A few years ago, a young volcano became active 6 km from this place, and smoke smokes above it from time to time. In Ujung Kulon Park, there are rare species of animals, in particular, Javanese rhinos.
Entrance tickets to Ujung Kulon are sold at the office, which is located near the village of Taman Jaya. Here you can rent a boat, hire a guide. You can sunbathe on the luxurious beaches or hike in the jungle to enjoy the rich natural world of Ujung Coulomb. The best option is a three-day track in the park for exploring the area. Individual tours are organized - holidays with fishing, snorkeling and spearfishing in the coastal waters of Ujung Kulon. Tourists get a boat with a team and Russian guides at their disposal.
In the northern direction from the central part of Java in the Java Sea is the Karimunjava archipelago, which is Indonesia's marine national park. Its main attraction is pristine nature with coral reefs and deserted white beaches. The unique archipelago includes 27 islands, of which only 5 are inhabited. The islands of the Karimunjava archipelago are visited by wealthy residents of Indonesia for the purpose of resort holidays.
The archipelago is popular with fans of surfing and diving. Coral reefs are located right on the shores of the inhabited islands, so novice drivers can not rent a boat. They have enough masks and tubes to study the coastal bottom directly from the beach. More experienced divers go to the uninhabited islands of the Karimunjava archipelago as part of excursions, or agree with the fishermen to rent a boat. The underwater world in the waters of the Java Sea is very diverse. There are 250 species of fish, about 90 species of coral.
The largest island has the same name as the archipelago - Karimunjava, but the abbreviated name Karimun is more often used. It has the main city of Karimun, which is the capital of the entire Karimunjava archipelago. From this port city, a road runs northward, ending in a bridge. A long bridge connects the main island with the neighboring one, which is called Kemujan. On these two islands there are campsites, hotels, dive centers, restaurants, boat rental. By renting a boat for $ 40, you can go round several uninhabited neighboring islands within one day.
Landscape about. Karimun is represented by green hills covered with rainforests. There are over 30 species of mangrove trees here. The islanders especially revere a rare breed - Devadara. They believe that an amulet from this tree prolongs life, protects the house, and heals snakebites. Amulets and other objects from Devadaru are the most popular souvenirs that tourists bring from Karimunjava.
Beaches about. Karimun is quiet and secluded. The free Nirvana Beach is located near Karimun. It looks very beautiful - palm trees near the shore, white sand, turquoise water, but swimming is problematic here. The coast is very shallow and there are corals in the water. On the Tanjung Gelam beach, located a 30-minute bike ride from the main town of the Karimunjava archipelago, swimming is much more comfortable, and nature is no less amazing. Entrance is paid - 1 thousand rupees, there are varungs with Indonesian food. The most beautiful beach of the island is considered Pantai Anora.
The Karimunjava Archipelago has its own airport on about. Karimun, where several times a week small planes fly on flights from Semarang, a port city (the northern coast of Java). From here you can get a speed boat to the islands of Karimun and Kemujan. It is better to come to the islands of the archipelago in the dry season, which lasts from late April to October. There is no public transport, so it is better to rent a scooter.