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Sights of Dubrovnik

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The beautiful city, and also one of the best European resorts, is comfortably located on the Adriatic Sea, in the very south of Dalmatia. The Croatian town dates back to the 7th century and until 1918 was called Ragusa.

The city has preserved many historical monuments, and recent history has given it a lot of wonderful places that tourists love so much. We will get to know the town better and present the most beautiful sights of Dubrovnik.

Lokrum Island

The unusual name of this island, located near Dubrovnik, was given by Benedictine monks. They grew trees with sour fruits in the open spaces of the island, and the word “acrumen”, transformed into Lokrum, means “sour fruit”.

The city has been known since 1023, when the monks founded the abbey here, the remains of which have survived to this day. Other attractions include the Napoleon Fort, erected in 1806.

The island is shrouded in many legends, according to one of which during the shipwreck, the English monarch Richard, nicknamed the Lionheart, landed on its shore.

By the way, you can read about the most beautiful islands in the world in one of the articles on our site most-beauty.ru.

Dubrovnik city walls

Around the historical part of the city, defensive walls were preserved, the construction of which began in the 7th century, and they acquired their final shape in the 14th century.

The unique monument of fortification stretched back to 1940, and its height in some places reaches 25 m. From the sea, the width of the walls varies from 1.5 to 3 m, but on land stone giants reach a width of 6 m.

The mastery of the architects tested the strength of the strong earthquake of 1667, during which the walls stood, and today are of interest to researchers and numerous tourists.

The fort, part of the urban defense system, was built under the personal supervision of Michelozzo di Bartolomeo, and spent 80 years on its construction.

The main function of the two-tier fortress was to protect the main city gate, the moat and the bridge leading to the city. The building is decorated with a unique stone diadem, erected in the upper part of the fort.

Experts agree that the fort is one of the most beautiful defensive structures in Europe, perfectly fit into the overall defense system of Dubrovnik.

Sponza Palace

We will go to the Old Town and consider the architectural features of the magnificent palace built in the Gothic style at the beginning of the 16th century.

It is located on the Lodge Square, which is considered a favorite place for hiking tourists. At different times, various institutions were located in the beautiful palace. Original Customs. Then a treasury, a mint bank, and even a school.

Now it is an archive in which unique historical documents and rare manuscripts are collected. On the square in front of the architectural miracle of the Renaissance, the Dubrovitsky Summer Festival is annually held, gathering thousands of participants.

Jesuit Church of St. Ignatius

The project of the church was developed by the famous architect Ignatius Pozzo, and it was built from 1699 to 1703. Now it rises above Gundulich Square.

Construction and finishing were completed by 1725, and the consecration was in 1729. Funds for the construction were allocated by one of the Gundulich clan, but died before laying the first stone.

Nearby is a Jesuit school, and a long stone staircase connects Gundulich Square with Ruger Boshkovich Square. The entire Baroque architectural complex in the heart of the historical part of the city is considered one of the most beautiful in all of Croatia.

Stradun Street

On the site of the main shopping street of Dubrovnik, once the waters of the bay splashed, separating the island of Ragusa from the coastal settlement of the Slavs.

Over time, hardworking and enterprising residents filled the bay, and the place was paved with marble slabs. So, the city acquired another street, which housed retail stores and shops. Two fountains and cozy houses built in a local colorful style became a real decoration of the historic street.

Favorite place for walking locals and tourists. There are many souvenir shops, and in cafes and restaurants you can try national dishes.

Minchet Tower

The historical symbol of the Croatian resort, the Mincheta Tower is the highest point in the northern part of the defensive walls, and the first structure appeared on this site as early as 1319.

In the middle of the 15th century, a round stone tower began to rise above the city, built according to all the canons of the fortification architecture of medieval Europe. In the walls, the thickness of which reached 6 m, loopholes were made for viewing and firing.

To complete the work, an architect from the city of Zagreb, Giorgio da Shebenico, was invited, who made the tower higher and strengthened its base.

Fort Lovrienac

A beautiful castle on a rock, which in the guidebooks is designated as Fort lovrijenac, and Lovrienac sounds in Russian, is called the “Dubrovnik Gibraltar”.

Indeed, it is located on a high cliff, protruding far into the sea. This is a unique architectural complex consisting of a defensive tower and a theater. The fort was an important strategic object in protecting the city, and the theater gathered thousands of spectators in peacetime.

The unique and architectural structure of Fort St. Lawrence, consisting of three terraces towering at an altitude of 37 m above the waters of the Adriatic Sea.

Fortress of St. John

On the map of Croatia, it is precisely in Dubrovnik that there are most of all the fortifications of the Middle Ages, which also include the fortress, named after the saint especially revered by the southern Slavs.

It was erected at the beginning of the XIV century, and the main function was to protect against pirates and enemy ships. During the XV-XVI centuries, the fortress was rebuilt several times, and the port entrance was blocked by a powerful chain stretching between the two banks of the bay.

Today, within the walls of a medieval fortress is a maritime museum. And on the ground floor there is an aquarium with unique and rare species of fish and marine life.

Princely palace

The most beautiful palace in which the princely residence was located was built in the 15th century. The architecture harmoniously combines the elements of Gothic and the Early Renaissance, which makes the building unique and incredibly beautiful.

The facade is decorated with a majestic colonnade and large stained-glass windows. The building has repeatedly suffered from fires, hostilities and numerous earthquakes, but still survives to this day.

In front of the building is a monument to the sailor Pratsat, who died in the XVII century and wrote off his entire huge fortune to the Dubrovitsky Republic. Now the historical building houses the expositions of the city museum.

Pile Gate

You can get from the west to the historical part of Dubrovnik through the gates of Pile, and it is with them that acquaintance with the monuments and beauties of the city begins.

Once upon a time there was a tower on this place, after the destruction of which in 1818, only the gates remained. The gates themselves are a unique example of the Renaissance, and above them stands a statue of Blasius of Sevastia - the patron saint of the city and its inhabitants.

A stone bridge with three semicircular arches leads to the gate. It is interesting that the gates can still be locked with a key, and this amazing artifact is stored in the Princely City Palace.

Franciscan Monastery

So historically, the Balkans have become the crossroads of various teachings and religious beliefs.

In the XIV century, a monastery was erected within the city, from which the southern portal and the magnificent tower have survived to this day. Reviews of tourists about this architectural monument are full of enthusiastic epithets.

You can explore the beauties of the monastery with magnificent interior decoration on your own, as well as as part of a group where the guide will tell the whole story and interesting facts.

Dominican monastery

Since we were talking about monasteries, and presented their photos, you can not pass by the side and the Dominican monastery.

They erected their monastery in the 13th century, repeatedly rebuilt, until such a wonderful Baroque building grew. The main shrine of the monastery is the crucifix, and a fresco by Paolo Veneziano, located above the central altar.

Today it is not just a monument of architecture, but also a unique art gallery, which contains masterpieces of painting by Venetian and Dubrovnik masters of the XIII-XVII centuries.

Not far from the old harbor is a complex of ten brick buildings and five cozy courtyards, towering above the sea on rocky ledges.

In the Middle Ages, the city by the sea was an important trading center, in which a large market functioned and fairs were held annually. Goods were brought from different parts of Europe and Asia, and the city authorities, fearing epidemics, built a quarantine infirmary in 1590.

Over time, the building has lost its original purpose, and now entertaining events are held here, and the Otok Museum has been opened in one of the houses.

Fort Ravelin

The name of the fortress comes from the name of the additional fortification “ravelin”, and the fort was erected in order to protect against attacks from Venice in 1456.

A century later, the city authorities decided to strengthen the defense, and in 1538, in front of one of the gates, a new, more powerful structure grew. During the fortification in the city, any stone construction was banned, since all the material went to the construction of the fortress.

The unique fortification monument has the shape of an irregular quadrangle, and the walls on the sea side are slightly lower compared to the fortifications on land.

Church of the Holy Savior

An earthquake occurred in this part of the Balkan Peninsula at the beginning of the 16th century, but most of the city was not affected. In honor of this wonderful salvation, the city authorities decided to build a church.

In 1520, construction began, and within a few years the first divine services took place within its walls. It is noteworthy that the Church of St. Savior resisted during the strong earthquake of 1620, which was a real miracle, as many buildings were almost destroyed.

The Gothic building is decorated with a traditional gothic window-rose, and in front of the church the Onofrio's Great Fountain has been pleasing to the eye, functioning since the mid-15th century.

Cathedral

The author of the project of the cathedral, built and consecrated in honor of the Ascension of the Virgin Mary, was the famous Roman architect Andrea Bufalini, and Italian architects helped him.

It was built at the turn of the XVII-XVIII centuries in the majestic Baroque style, but the local master Ilya Kalchich completed the decoration of the basic elements. That is why the cathedral has incorporated the universally recognized elements of world architecture and local traditions.

One legend says that a new cathedral was built on the site of the church, which Richard the Lionheart ordered to build here, landed on these shores, returning from the Crusade.

Ethnographic Museum of Rupe

The unique museum is located in a building of the XVI century, and previously used as a huge granary.

15 wells were cut down in the rock, which, in fact, housed the museum’s expositions. The walls are covered with moisture-resistant plaster. Here are household items, decorative art, national costumes and dishes. The museum is interesting in that it contains artifacts from different historical eras from the early Middle Ages.

On the ground floor of an unusual museum, an exhibition of Croatian folk art is constantly working, which contains unique and rare exhibits and objects of decorative and applied art.

The fort, part of the urban defense system, was built under the personal supervision of Michelozzo di Bartolomeo, and spent 80 years on its construction.

The main function of the two-tier fortress was to protect the main city gate, the moat and the bridge leading to the city. The building is decorated with a unique stone diadem, erected in the upper part of the fort.

Experts agree that the fort is one of the most beautiful defensive structures in Europe, perfectly fit into the overall defense system of Dubrovnik.

Sponza Palace

We will go to the Old Town and consider the architectural features of the magnificent palace built in the Gothic style at the beginning of the 16th century.

It is located on the Lodge Square, which is considered a favorite place for hiking tourists. At different times, various institutions were located in the beautiful palace. Original Customs. Then a treasury, a mint bank, and even a school.

Now it is an archive in which unique historical documents and rare manuscripts are collected. On the square in front of the architectural miracle of the Renaissance, the Dubrovitsky Summer Festival is annually held, gathering thousands of participants.

Jesuit Church of St. Ignatius

The project of the church was developed by the famous architect Ignatius Pozzo, and it was built from 1699 to 1703. Now it rises above Gundulich Square.

Construction and finishing were completed by 1725, and the consecration was in 1729. Funds for the construction were allocated by one of the Gundulich clan, but died before laying the first stone.

Nearby is a Jesuit school, and a long stone staircase connects Gundulich Square with Ruger Boshkovich Square. The entire Baroque architectural complex in the heart of the historical part of the city is considered one of the most beautiful in all of Croatia.

Stradun Street

On the site of the main shopping street of Dubrovnik, once the waters of the bay splashed, separating the island of Ragusa from the coastal settlement of the Slavs.

Over time, hardworking and enterprising residents filled the bay, and the place was paved with marble slabs. So, the city acquired another street, which housed retail stores and shops. Two fountains and cozy houses built in a local colorful style became a real decoration of the historic street.

Favorite place for walking locals and tourists. There are many souvenir shops, and in cafes and restaurants you can try national dishes.

Minchet Tower

The historical symbol of the Croatian resort, the Mincheta Tower is the highest point in the northern part of the defensive walls, and the first structure appeared on this site as early as 1319.

In the middle of the 15th century, a round stone tower began to rise above the city, built according to all the canons of the fortification architecture of medieval Europe. In the walls, the thickness of which reached 6 m, loopholes were made for viewing and firing.

To complete the work, an architect from the city of Zagreb, Giorgio da Shebenico, was invited, who made the tower higher and strengthened its base.

Fort Lovrienac

A beautiful castle on a rock, which in the guidebooks is designated as Fort lovrijenac, and Lovrienac sounds in Russian, is called the “Dubrovnik Gibraltar”.

Indeed, it is located on a high cliff, protruding far into the sea. This is a unique architectural complex consisting of a defensive tower and a theater. The fort was an important strategic object in protecting the city, and the theater gathered thousands of spectators in peacetime.

The unique and architectural structure of Fort St. Lawrence, consisting of three terraces towering at an altitude of 37 m above the waters of the Adriatic Sea.

Fortress of St. John

On the map of Croatia, it is in Dubrovnik that there are most of all the fortifications of the Middle Ages, which also include the fortress, named after the saint especially revered by the southern Slavs.

It was erected at the beginning of the XIV century, and the main function was to protect against pirates and enemy ships.During the XV-XVI centuries, the fortress was rebuilt several times, and the port entrance was blocked by a powerful chain stretching between the two banks of the bay.

Today, within the walls of a medieval fortress is a maritime museum. And on the ground floor there is an aquarium with unique and rare species of fish and marine life.

Princely palace

The most beautiful palace in which the princely residence was located was built in the 15th century. The architecture harmoniously combines the elements of Gothic and the Early Renaissance, which makes the building unique and incredibly beautiful.

The facade is decorated with a majestic colonnade and large stained-glass windows. The building has repeatedly suffered from fires, hostilities and numerous earthquakes, but still survives to this day.

In front of the building is a monument to the sailor Pratsat, who died in the XVII century and wrote off his entire huge fortune to the Dubrovitsky Republic. Now the historical building houses the expositions of the city museum.

Pile Gate

You can get from the west to the historical part of Dubrovnik through the gates of Pile, and it is with them that acquaintance with the monuments and beauties of the city begins.

Once upon a time there was a tower on this place, after the destruction of which in 1818, only the gates remained. The gates themselves are a unique example of the Renaissance, and above them stands a statue of Blasius of Sevastia - the patron saint of the city and its inhabitants.

A stone bridge with three semicircular arches leads to the gate. It is interesting that the gates can still be locked with a key, and this amazing artifact is stored in the Princely City Palace.

Franciscan Monastery

So historically, the Balkans have become the crossroads of various teachings and religious beliefs.

In the XIV century, a monastery was erected within the city, from which the southern portal and the magnificent tower have survived to this day. Reviews of tourists about this architectural monument are full of enthusiastic epithets.

You can explore the beauties of the monastery with magnificent interior decoration on your own, as well as as part of a group where the guide will tell the whole story and interesting facts.

Dominican monastery

Since we were talking about monasteries, and presented their photos, you can not pass by the side and the Dominican monastery.

They erected their monastery in the 13th century, repeatedly rebuilt, until such a wonderful Baroque building grew. The main shrine of the monastery is the crucifix, and a fresco by Paolo Veneziano, located above the central altar.

Today it is not just a monument of architecture, but also a unique art gallery, which contains masterpieces of painting by Venetian and Dubrovnik masters of the XIII-XVII centuries.

Not far from the old harbor is a complex of ten brick buildings and five cozy courtyards, towering above the sea on rocky ledges.

In the Middle Ages, the city by the sea was an important trading center, in which a large market functioned and fairs were held annually. Goods were brought from different parts of Europe and Asia, and the city authorities, fearing epidemics, built a quarantine infirmary in 1590.

Over time, the building has lost its original purpose, and now entertaining events are held here, and the Otok Museum has been opened in one of the houses.

Fort Ravelin

The name of the fortress comes from the name of the additional fortification “ravelin”, and the fort was erected in order to protect against attacks from Venice in 1456.

A century later, the city authorities decided to strengthen the defense, and in 1538, in front of one of the gates, a new, more powerful structure grew. During the fortification in the city, any stone construction was banned, since all the material went to the construction of the fortress.

The unique fortification monument has the shape of an irregular quadrangle, and the walls on the sea side are slightly lower compared to the fortifications on land.

Church of the Holy Savior

An earthquake occurred in this part of the Balkan Peninsula at the beginning of the 16th century, but most of the city was not affected. In honor of this wonderful salvation, the city authorities decided to build a church.

In 1520, construction began, and within a few years the first divine services took place within its walls. It is noteworthy that the Church of St. Savior resisted during the strong earthquake of 1620, which was a real miracle, as many buildings were almost destroyed.

The Gothic building is decorated with a traditional gothic window-rose, and in front of the church the Onofrio's Great Fountain has been pleasing to the eye, functioning since the mid-15th century.

Cathedral

The author of the project of the cathedral, built and consecrated in honor of the Ascension of the Virgin Mary, was the famous Roman architect Andrea Bufalini, and Italian architects helped him.

It was built at the turn of the XVII-XVIII centuries in the majestic Baroque style, but the local master Ilya Kalchich completed the decoration of the basic elements. That is why the cathedral has incorporated the universally recognized elements of world architecture and local traditions.

One legend says that a new cathedral was built on the site of the church, which Richard the Lionheart ordered to build here, landed on these shores, returning from the Crusade.

Ethnographic Museum of Rupe

The unique museum is located in a building of the XVI century, and previously used as a huge granary.

15 wells were cut down in the rock, which, in fact, housed the museum’s expositions. The walls are covered with moisture-resistant plaster. Here are household items, decorative art, national costumes and dishes. The museum is interesting in that it contains artifacts from different historical eras from the early Middle Ages.

On the ground floor of an unusual museum, an exhibition of Croatian folk art is constantly working, which contains unique and rare exhibits and objects of decorative and applied art.

In conclusion

On our site most-beauty.ru you can admire the other most famous sights of the country.

So our review of the beautiful places of the Croatian resort has come to a close, and now we know what to see in Dubrovnik and where to relax in this city, having received a lot of positive emotions and unforgettable impressions. And nearby is picturesque Montenegro, so, having planned a sightseeing tour, you can visit the beautiful city of Croatia and the beauty of the southern Balkans at one time.

St. fortress Ivana

This fortress is considered one of the most powerful and largest fortifications in Croatia. It was erected by Italian masters in the 16th century, but was completed and rebuilt for a couple of centuries. Defended Dubrovnik and Croatia from the sea.

The first fortress tower, indeed, looks intimidating and striking in its size. It was to her that warships approached. The remaining towers were completed in the XVII century, they performed significant, but less important defense functions.

In the old days in the fortress of St. Ivan was protected from the enemy weapons and treasury of the city. Today, there is a real Maritime Museum where you can see rigging of ancient ships, etc. On the ground floor of the fortress there is a small aquarium.

Church of st. Savior

This Catholic church is located in its historical part of Dubrovnik - in the Old Town, near the Pile Gate, near the Fortress Wall. The temple was erected in gratitude to God after the 16th century earthquake for causing minimal damage.

Church of st. Spasa was erected in the style of the Renaissance, in its architecture there are some elements of Gothic architecture. It is small in size, has a beautiful main facade, built in the style of Dalmatian Renaissance architecture, and a Gothic vault of the nave.

In the XVII century, an earthquake again occurred here. This time there were many dead and destruction, but the church remained virtually untouched. Today it is inactive, in the High season there are concerts of classical music and various exhibitions.

Onofrio's Fountains

In the 15th century, the Croatian government decided to build aqueducts near Dubrovnik. They were built by masters invited from Italy. Therefore, the aqueducts received the name of one of the Italian architects - Onofrio della Cava.

At the end of work with the aqueducts, Onofrio and his comrades additionally built Big and Small fountains. The large one is located near the Pile Gate and has a dome that was once adorned with a dragon statue that disappeared during the 17th century earthquake.

The small fountain is located on the Lodge Square, previously its main task was to supply the city market square, sellers and buyers with water. The sculptural parts of the fountain were sculpted by Master Martin, and Onofrio himself made the mechanism for lifting the water.

Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary

This is a Catholic cathedral and at the same time a wonderful architectural landmark in the Baroque style. Where the cathedral stands, previously there were several other churches, built sequentially one after another from the VI century.

The previous cathedral was destroyed by a terrible earthquake in the mid-17th century. After him, the project of the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary was immediately developed, which was built in Dubrovnik by Italian craftsmen for more than three decades.

Thanks to the masters, the church was built in classic Italian Baroque, to this day it pleases parishioners and visitors with its beautiful baroque dome, having survived the military siege of Dubrovnik in the early 90s of the 20th century.

Stradun Square

This is the main street of the Old Town of Dubrovnik. It has a length of about 300 meters, paved with limestone and is intended for pedestrians. Previously, there was a small rivulet on this site, dividing Ragusa and Dubrava into two independent cities.

But then the river was drained, and the cities connected. Stradun Street runs along the entire Old Town, connecting the gates of Pile and Ploce, Small and Large fountains of Onofrio and other historical and cultural attractions of Dubrovnik.

If this is your first time in Dubrovnik, you can see for yourself the best local monuments by simply walking along Stradun Street. During the war in Yugoslavia, some houses on the street and in the surrounding area were damaged, but later completely restored.

Church of st. Blasia

This old Catholic church stands on the Lodge Square in the Old Town. It was erected at the beginning of the XVIII century on the site where the church in the Romanesque style had previously stood, severely damaged by the terrible earthquake of the middle of the XVII century.

The new temple was built for about ten years, designed by an architect from Venice. As a result, he got a huge church dome, a skilfully decorated facade with a beautiful staircase, the architecture is Baroque.

On the church altar stands a silver statue of St. Blasia (or Vlach) with gilding, in whose honor it is named. In his hands is a model of the city as it was before the disaster. And the honor of this saint in the church annually hosts holidays and celebrations.

Where is the city

Dubrovnik, whose sights are of interest from a historical point of view, is located in the Republic of Croatia. It is the administrative center of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County (the conditional territorial unit headed by the county), which is located in the southernmost part of the Republic of Croatia.

Zhupanya occupies a small strip of land near the coastal slope of the Dinar Highlands, which stretches over 120 km along the coast. The city of Dubrovnik is located on the Adriatic coast and is subject to systematic earthquakes.

The city was founded at the beginning of the XII century and for a long time was the capital of the Republic of Dubrovnik, while it was considered the center for the development of the cultural life of the region.

Dubrovnik received its name in 1918. For a long time the name of the city in Latin was used - Ragusa, which came from the name of the island in the Adriatic, on which the first settlement for refugees from the ancient Greek colony in Dalmatia was formed.

Dubrovnik covers an area of ​​21.5 km². The geographical coordinates of the city: 42 ° 38′53 ″ N and 18 ° 05′31 ″ east The height of the city center above sea level is 52 m. According to the latest census in 2011, the number of people living in the city amounted to 42,615 people.

Of them:

NationalityPercent
croats90%
bosny3%
Serbs3%
representatives of other small nationalities4%

Locals call:

The main events that influenced the formation and development of the city:

dateEvent
667 gThe first mention of a settlement on the site of a modern city.
910 gA Catholic diocese was formed on the territory of the city.
972 gBridges have been built connecting the coast of the city and the island.
1000 gThe settlement sided with Venice.
1120 gThe Catholic diocese has been transformed into an archdiocese.
1205 gThe settlement is completely occupied by Venice.
1235 gThe new legislation and system of government of the city are approved.
1333 gPilishatsky Peninsula is attached to the settlement.
1345 g.The island of Mled is attached to the settlement.
1348 gAn outbreak of a deadly plague disease occurs in the city.
1667A strong earthquake occurs in the city during which almost 5 thousand people die.
1775A Russian consulate was formed in the city.
1808 gThe city became part of France.
1815The city became part of the kingdom of Dalmatia.
1918The city became part of Yugoslavia.
1941The city became part of Italy.
1943The city became part of Croatia.
1945The city is part of Yugoslavia.
1991 yearThe city entered the unrecognized Dubrovnik Republic and a period of protracted war with Yugoslavia began.
1998 yearPost-war restoration of the historic buildings of Dubrovnik has begun.
2005 yearRestoration and restoration of post-war work is over.
2007 yearThe city was hit hard by forest fires.
2010 yearThe city suffered from severe flooding.
2012 yearThe city is again in the midst of forest fires.

Dubrovnik, whose attractions attract numerous tourists, has consulates of countries on its territory:

  • Great Britain,
  • Austria
  • Denmark
  • The Netherlands.

The city of Dubrovnik has several twin cities:

  • Vancouver in the United States,
  • Ravenna in Italy,
  • Graz in Austria,
  • Venice in Italy,
  • Vukovar in Croatia,
  • Rueil-Malmaison in France,
  • Helsingborg in Sweden,
  • Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina,
  • Ragusa in Italy
  • Monterey in the United States,
  • Bad Homburg in the Federal Republic of Germany.

Church of the Holy Savior

The Catholic Cathedral, built in the Neo-Byzantine Gothic style in 1528, is located at the address: Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dubrovachko-Neretvansk district. It is located on the western side of the city near the gate called Pile and the defensive wall.

Dubrovnik. Sightseeing: Church of the Holy Savior.

The temple was built after a major earthquake and is a symbol of the city’s resistance to the elements. Currently, the temple hosts painting exhibitions and classical music concerts.

Franciscan Temple and Monastery

The first monastery building on the site of a modern structure was laid in 1235 in the historic center of Dubrovnik, outside the old city. The modern monastery building was built in 1317. In 1360, a bypass gallery was built around the closed rectangular palace and the inner monastery garden. During the earthquake in 1667 the monastery was almost destroyed.

After restoration and restoration work, the building acquired elements of the Baroque style. The cloister, library and bell tower were damaged during the hostilities of the early 90's. Currently, the monastery is fully restored and is a local architectural monument.

Church of St. Vlah

The Catholic Church of St. Vlah is located in the heart of the city on the Lodge Square.The church was built at the very beginning of the XVIII century on the site of an old church, which was badly damaged during the flood of 1706. The construction of the modern church building was completed in 1715. The construction was supervised by engineer and architect Marina Gropellia.

The church has a richly decorated facade and a surprisingly wide staircase. The roof of the church is decorated with a massive dome. A silver and gilded statuette of St. Blasius, made in the 15th century, is installed on the central church altar. St. Blasius is holding a model of the city before the earthquake of 1667.

Dubrovnik, whose sights are numerous places of worship, is conditionally divided into 2 zones: old and new. The old city is built up mainly with objects of medieval construction. The new city was built at the turn of the 20th century; therefore, it is replete with low-rise architecture of our time.

Rector's Palace

The Rector's Palace or the Princely Palace is located on the central city street of the Old Town called Lodge. The palace was erected in the XV century as a residence for members of the administration of the Republic. According to established tradition, the elected prince was obliged to be in the palace around the clock. There were equipped living and working rooms.

A guardroom and a court chapel are attached to the Rector’s palace. At the end of the 15th century, the palace building was damaged by an accidental explosion of a powder cellar. In 1667, it was partially destroyed during an earthquake. After a major restoration, it looks completely different. For its intended purpose, the palace served until 1808. To date, the palace museum has been opened in the building.

Dominican Monastery

The Dominican Monastery is located in the east of the city of Dubrovnik, next to the ramparts. The monastery is considered the most important attraction and historical treasury of Dubrovnik. The monastery complex was built by the Dominican Order in the XIV century. In the XV century, additional premises were attached to the monastery.

In the middle of the courtyard there is a stone well decorated with stencils of Gothic and Renaissance styles.

This is the largest building on the entire Adriatic coast. The main value of the palace is the collected ancient library, which contains a large number of unique documents and ancient manuscripts. Also, a large number of ancient jewelry, artifacts and household items are preserved here.

Lovrienac Fortress

The fortress “Lovrienac” or “Dubrovnik Gibraltar” is a fortified building at the eastern wall of the city. The fortress is located on a 37 - meter rocky cliff and is part of the city's urban defense complex. The thickness of the outer walls of the fortress is 12 m, the internal - 60 cm. The fortress is connected to the outside world through two suspension bridges.

More than 130 guns were installed on the walls of the fortress and on the shaft that surrounds the fortress. Currently, the Lovrienac fortress is a theatrical stage where the city festival is held annually.

Fort royal

A fort called Royal is located on the highest point of the island called Lokrum, located in the Adriatic Sea. It is located at an altitude of 95 m above sea level. The fort was built by the French as a five-pointed star at the beginning of the 19th century. You can climb to the fort along a winding path with a magnificent view of the island, the city and the surrounding areas.

Botanical Garden

In 1959, by the decision of the Yugoslav Scientific Academy, a botanical garden was opened on the territory of Lokrum Island. It was created with the aim of studying plants from the subtropics and tropics. The garden has an area of ​​2 hectares, it collected nearly 550 species of unique plants.

A large number of varieties grow here:

  • palm-shaped
  • cactus
  • succulents,
  • eucalyptus.

Puddle Square

The main square of the city called Puddle, it is located at the very end of the pedestrian zone Stradun. During the Middle Ages, the square housed a market and numerous architectural monuments of antiquity, erected in the period from the 15th to the 18th centuries. Currently, there are relaxation areas and a variety of cafes.

Dubrovnik Aquarium

Dubrovnik Aquarium is a large stone reservoir filled with water. The marine inhabitants of the Adriatic swim in them.

It contains:

  • ice skates and corals,
  • seashells and eels,
  • sea ​​anemones and shrapnel,
  • sponges and hedgehogs,
  • turtles and crabs,
  • starfish and octopuses,
  • moray eels and crayfish.

A stone bridge

Stone Bridge is one of the local attractions included in the UNESCO World Heritage List and is a historical and cultural monument of the country. The bridge is located in front of the famous Pile gate, through which you must pass in order to get into the historical part of Dubrovnik. The bridge was originally built in 1397.

After several restoration works, the appearance of the bridge was slightly changed. The largest restoration took place under the supervision of a Croatian architect named Pascoie Milicevic. Thanks to him, the stone bridge was decorated with the famous arched vaults, which are currently the symbol of the city of Dubrovnik.

City bell tower

The bell tower, which became the symbol of Dubrovnik, was erected in 1444. It combines Gothic style with the Renaissance style, thanks to which the bell tower stands out from the standard buildings of the Middle Ages. The tallest part of the building reaches a height of 31 m. According to local long-standing tradition, every day at exactly noon, the bells begin to ring.

What to visit with children

The most popular holiday destinations with a child in Dubrovnik are the many beaches on the Adriatic coast. On the territory of the Old Town there is a cinema in which 3D format is supported. In the lobby of the cinema there are several gaming machines.

A trip to the cable car over Dubrovnik can become a memorable entertainment for the child. The cable car was founded in 1969. The cost of one trip is 1.2 thousand rubles. The cable car offers a magnificent view of the whole city and the nearby islands.

What to see in one day

Even for a short time in the city, you can have time to explore many local memorial sites. To do this, you need to think in advance and prepare a route for independent movement around Dubrovnik.

Approximate excursion route:

  • Drive to Pile Gate and walk along the stone bridge.
  • Visit to the Cathedral of St. Mary.
  • Walk around Puddle Square and visit the Onofrio Fountain, located at the end of the Stradun pedestrian zone.
  • Visit and inspection of the Dominican monastery.
  • A trip to the tower of Minchet and a visit to the observation deck at the very top of the building.
  • A trip to the island of Lokrum and Lopud.
  • Relax in the botanical garden.
  • Excursion to the Church of the Holy Savior.
  • Visit and inspection of the Rector's palace building.
  • A cable car ride on the funicular and a bird's eye view of the city.

Any attractions of the city of Dubrovnik will leave a lasting impression on every tourist. Here at every step there are unique architectural structures that have great historical significance on a global scale.

Author: Olga Zhanskaya

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