Sights of Rybinsk - what to see and where to go in the city and the surrounding area. Description, photos, how to get, addresses, GPS-coordinates, tags on the map.
Actually, I was not going to go to Rybinsk - I had a trip along the Golden Ring, but it seems to be not included in its canonical version, and it lies a bit out of the way. But after visiting Tutaev, doubts arose - to go immediately to Myshkin and Uglich (as planned) or still go for a few hours to the Rybinsk Reservoir, its bulk on the map looked very tempting. As a result, the reservoir outweighed, and Uglich was shifted for the evening, and the weather sharply deteriorated during the day, the golden autumn melted and the “lead” one replaced it: gusts of wind, light rain and all shades of gray above head and underfoot. But this was later, in Uglich, but for now we will talk about Rybinsk and its environs. The surroundings, by the way, are very picturesque.
I, having the desire to even take a brief look at the expanses of the Rybinsk Reservoir, drove past the city of Rybinsk to the northeast, in the direction of Poshekhonya - judging by the map, the road there goes along the reservoir and the logic told me that at least a little, but the water from the road will be visible. The logic let me down: there is a ramp to the water only at the very exit from Rybinsk, and then the road seems to be not far from the reservoir, but it is not visible, only a dense and wide forest belt. Drawn by the desire to get to the water, I left almost to Poshekhonya, but after about an hour and a half I spat and turned back (but now I know what Poshekhonsky cheese is named after). On the way, at one of the aunts selling fish on the road, I bought smoked bream. The bream spread such aroma throughout the car that I did not go far with it - I decided to have lunch right there. After trying it, I thought something like “so what are you, the real smoked fish ...”, returned to that aunt and bought her a whole bag of any smoked fish - and bream, and pike, and God knows what. So even though I did not succeed with the Rybinsk Reservoir, I went for a reason. On the way several extremely picturesque villages came across several times:
I liked that the houses, although old, are mostly very clean, neat, well-groomed. And indeed, the villages in those places no longer produce the dull impression that was literally ten to fifteen years ago. I would like to hope that there is a profound change for the better, and not a temporary “rebound”.
Already at the entrance to Rybinsk from the northeast, a barely noticeable turn to the right was discovered - and literally after 500 meters he brought me to the Rybinsk reservoir, it turned out that it was not necessary to go so far.
Well, now, in fact, about the sights of Rybinsk.
1. Rybinsk State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve
This museum, located in the picturesque building of the former Bread Exchange, is the largest in the entire Upper Volga. The museum's collection is divided into 11 permanent exhibits dedicated to the history of Rybinsk and the Mologsky Territory. One of the most interesting exhibitions is called Russian Atlantis - it is dedicated to the territories flooded during the creation of the cascade of reservoirs in the middle of the last century.
Address: Rybinsk, Volzhskaya nab., 2. GPS coordinates: 58.0495, 38.85625.
2. Rybinsk Embankment
The embankment is located on the right bank of the Volga and stretches along the entire central part of the city - from the confluence of the Volga and Scheksna to the Strelka Peninsula. It is a landscaped promenade with a lace fence, wrought iron benches and lanterns. Along the embankment there are many interesting sights of Rybinsk: the Transfiguration Cathedral, the building of the former Bread Exchange, Nikolskaya Chapel, a monument to the barge hauler and others.
Address: Rybinsk, Volzhskaya embankment. Coordinates: 58.04929, 38.8587.
3. Red Square
Before the revolution, trade was seething on this square, and in its center stood a monument to Emperor Alexander II, later replaced by a monument to Lenin - a very unusual one, by the way. The fact is that Ilyich is not depicted in his legendary cap, but in a warm winter hat. I specially came closer to see if he was in felt boots — it turned out not, the sculptor’s imagination hadn’t stretched so far.
Address: Rybinsk, Red Square. Coordinates: 58.04899, 38.85594.
4. Monument to Burlak
Several interesting monuments have been installed on the Volga embankment of Rybinsk, and one of them is dedicated to the people of this profession that has sunk into oblivion. The monument depicts a respected and clearly well-paid barge hauler - one might say, a "middle class" hoover - which contrasts somewhat with the generally accepted opinion about the representatives and profitability of this profession, formed under the influence of the famous painting by Repin.
Address: Rybinsk, Volzhskaya embankment. Coordinates: 58.04988, 38.85416.
5. St. Nicholas Chapel
This small pretty chapel was built in honor of the miraculous salvation of Emperor Alexander II during the assassination attempt. In Soviet times, the dome was removed from the building and a police station was placed in it. In 2010, the chapel was consecrated anew and a gilded cross was erected.
Address: Rybinsk, Volzhskaya nab., 6. Coordinates: 58.05015, 38.85244.
6. Monument to the poet Lev Oshanin
The monument to the poet, famous for the lyrics “Eh, Roads”, “Flowing Volga”, was erected on the Volga Embankment and it offers a beautiful view of the great river and its picturesque banks. Oshanin is cast in full growth from bronze, and is depicted with a book in his hand, looking into the distance in thoughtfulness. Near the monument there are speakers, from which songs written in his poems sound.
Address: Rybinsk, Volzhskaya embankment. Coordinates: 58.05035, 38.85322.
7. Museum of Admiral F.F. Ushakova
This museum opened relatively recently - June 12, 2016 - and is dedicated to the great Russian admiral Fedor Fedorovich Ushakov, who was born in a village near Rybinsk. The museum’s collection contains an illustrated biography of the admiral, order of the admiral and cavalier Ushakov, the first lifetime portrait of the admiral, information about the canonization of the righteous warrior Theodore Ushakov by the Russian Orthodox Church, and much more.
Address: Rybinsk, st. Krestovaya, 30. Coordinates: 58.04904, 38.85355.
8. Transfiguration Cathedral
Transfiguration Cathedral is a five-domed central-domed church - this architectural style was very common during the period of Russian classicism. The cathedral is known for its 116-meter bell tower, one of the tallest in Russia, and an unusual relic - an armchair specially installed in the cathedral for Empress Catherine II during her visit to Rybinsk.
Address: Rybinsk, st. Krestovaya, 2. Coordinates: 58.04844, 38.8588.
9. Museum "Nobels and the Nobel movement"
This museum was created by enthusiasts and is dedicated to the life of the famous Swedish Nobel family - industrialists, inventors and philanthropists. Before the revolution, their factory worked in Rybinsk, and Ludwig Nobel (the elder brother of the founder of the Nobel Prize) lived in the city for some time. Across the road from the museum there is a monument to Ludwig Nobel in the form of a bust and two vertical granite slabs with industrial mechanisms depicted on them.
Address: Rybinsk, Volzhskaya nab., 53. Coordinates: 58.04795, 38.86212.
10. Church of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God
Kazan Church is the oldest surviving churches in Rybinsk - it was built in 1697. The temple is located in a picturesque place, on the so-called Kazan end, not far from the Volga and Cheremukha arrows.
In Soviet times, the church was almost destroyed - its interior was looted, and the iconostasis was burned. The restoration of the church began in the 1990s. Currently, the Kazan Church is known for its relic - the icon of the Mother of God, painted in one of the Athos monasteries.
Address: Rybinsk, Bolshaya Kazanskaya St., 1. Coordinates: 58.04463, 38.86903.
11. Rybinsk Drama Theater
The first mention of the drama theater dates back to 1777, when a place called Rybnaya Sloboda was transformed into the city of Rybinsk. That first wooden theater did not last long - in 1798, Emperor Pavel I visited Rybinsk and, dejected by the terrible appearance of the building, ordered it to be dismantled. The theater was recreated again in 1825, and it did not have its own permanent troupe - in the summer, artists performed in Rybinsk, and left for Yaroslavl for the winter.
Address: Rybinsk, st. Cross, 17 / a. Coordinates: 58.04794, 38.85665.
12. Museum of the Mologda Territory
Museum of the Mologia Territory Alekseeva is a branch of the Rybinsk Museum-Reserve, and talks about the cultural and historical heritage of the Mologo-Scheksninsky interfluve, most of which was flooded during the creation of the Rybinsk Reservoir. The collection is constantly replenished - local residents and enthusiastic archaeologists bring church utensils, household items, furniture.
Address: Rybinsk, Preobrazhensky per., 6a. Coordinates: 58.0473, 38.85552.
13. Rybinsk fire tower
This 48-meter fire tower is one of the highest in Russia. The current brick structure was preceded by a wooden one, completely destroyed by the fire of 1907. Moreover, they re-built the Kalanca rather out of a desire to restore one of the sights of the city - there was no special practical need for it.
Address: Rybinsk, Stoyalaya St., 30. Coordinates: 58.04648, 38.85264.
14. Catholic church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
This Catholic church was built by the forces of the Polish community of Rybinsk, which formed after the uprisings in Poland, annexed to Russia. The tsarist government then actively exiled the participants in the mutinies in the internal Russian provinces - including the Upper Volga. Ironically, the temple was built only in 1910 - 8 years before Poland gained independence. Initially, on its facade was a statue of Christ, subsequently lost during one of the reconstruction. Currently, the temple does not work, it houses the student club Prometheus.
Address: Rybinsk, st. Pushkin, 57. Coordinates: 58.0438, 38.83755.
15. House of Artists
The House of Artists is located in the mansion of the merchant Gordeev, who, due to his carved platbands and turrets, is considered one of the most interesting sights of Rybinsk. Despite its name, the House of Artists is neither a museum nor an art workshop - currently it is an ordinary residential building.
Address: Rybinsk, st. Pushkin, 52. Coordinates: 58.04367, 38.83647.
16. Railway station
The current station building was erected in 1905 on the site of a wooden building burned down in 1902, built by architect Karl Rachau, and visually repeats many of its features. The modern building was designed by architect S.I. Minashem in the Art Nouveau or Vienna Secession.
In 2008, the Rybinsk railway station was closed for reconstruction, which was completed only at the end of 2014 - two years after the completion of the work, the team of restorers was recognized as the winner in the competition “Architecture-2016”.
Address: Rybinsk, Passenger St., 1a. Coordinates: 58.04192, 38.83392.
17. Temples of the Ascension of the Lord and St. George
These two churches are located next to each other, opposite the train station. The Ascension Church was built in 1808, and, unlike many other Volga churches, it was not closed, but only handed over to the renovation community - thanks to this it was possible to preserve its interior decoration and iconostasis.
The second church, erected in 1790 and consecrated in honor of St. George the Victorious, was less fortunate - after the revolution it was closed and for a long time it housed an archive.
Address: Rybinsk, st. Railway, 43. Coordinates: 58.04058, 38.83629.
18. Rybinsk bridge
The total length of this 6-span car and pedestrian bridge is 720 meters and a width of 18 meters. Two of the six spans are navigable, which is actively used by numerous cruise ships. The bridge is thrown across the Volga in the central part of Rybinsk, and is a good viewing platform for the city and the Volga coast. The bridge itself is best seen from the Volga embankment.
Coordinates: 58.05111, 38.86192.
19. Rybinsk hydroelectric station
The main design feature of this hydroelectric power station built in the late 1930s is that it is located on two rivers at once: the catchment dam and locks are on the Volga, and the main building is on Scheksna.
The main building of the Rybinsk hydroelectric station
The building and gateways are officially recognized as architectural monuments. The Rybinsk hydroelectric station, being the third stage of the Volga-Kama cascade, at the time of its construction was the second largest hydroelectric station in the USSR, second only to the Dnieper hydroelectric station. She played a crucial role in supplying Moscow with electricity during the Great Patriotic War - especially on the dramatic days of the battle for Moscow.
Shipping locks of the Rybinsk hydroelectric station
The coordinates of the main building: 58.0825, 38.82553.
Gateway coordinates: 58.10027, 38.70789.
20. Monument "Mother Volga"
One of the largest monuments of Rybinsk (28 meters high) is located on the sandy spit of the dam of the locks of the Rybinsk hydroelectric station from the side of the Rybinsk reservoir. Initially, it was planned to erect a sculpture of Vera Mukhina “The Worker and the Collective Farm Girl” at this place, but since the construction of the hydroelectric complex was not yet completed, it was temporarily installed on the site before the Exhibition of Achievements of National Economy in Moscow - and from there it was then decided not to transport it back.
You won’t be able to drive directly to the statue itself - there is a hydroelectric power station security zone (not only is the passage and passage closed, photo and video shooting are strictly prohibited), and from the coast it is quite far from it, you can only see the silhouette. So to consider the "Mother Volga" as it should be possible only from the water - for example, from the board of a cruise ship. If you sail from the Rybinsk reservoir towards Rybinsk and then Uglich, then in fact the statue will be your first city attraction.
View of the monument from the ship
Coordinates: 58.10317, 38.68909.
1. Rybinsk reservoir
The Rybinsk Reservoir is an artificially created reservoir on the Volga and its tributaries, Sheksna and Mologa. It was built between 1935 and 1940. as part of the construction of the Rybinsk hydroelectric complex, a large system that included the Rybinsk hydroelectric station. Then it was definitely planned to create the largest man-made lake in the world, therefore, huge areas of arable land and forests, hundreds of villages, several cities, six monasteries and much more were forced to flood 130 thousand inhabitants.
Now it is a huge (more than 4.5 sq. Km) lake of bizarre shape and indescribable beauty, its shores are gentle and often peaty, it is surrounded by old forests and swamps, the coastline is very uneven, there are many bays, small bays and channels. Tiny islets are scattered around the lake, sterlet is still found in the Rybinsk Reservoir, as well as eels, catfish, burbot, pike perch, common carp, there are many wild animals in the region, especially near the Darwin Reserve: there are wolves, bears, lynxes, moose, wild boars, smaller living creatures.
2. Embankment of Rybinsk
The charming embankment of Rybinsk, as if by magic, transfers its guests 100-150 years ago, here, as before, 1.5 centuries ago, the Volga Mother still slowly carries its waters, the spire of the Transfiguration Cathedral is still rising, it is pleasing to the eye elegant facades of bread exchanges - the most beautiful and most important buildings in the history of the city, it is here (or in the immediate vicinity) that all the main attractions of the city are located, and it is from here that you should start exploring the city.
There are curious and memorable places on the embankment: for example, several sculptural compositions, in particular the bronze beloved by the townspeople monument to the poet Lev Oshanin, a native of Rybinsk, as well as another composition dedicated to the famous "Burlak on the Volga".The best time to walk along the beautiful Rybinsk street is the evening when antique-style lanterns are lit all over the embankment, reflecting and sparkling with lights in the deep Volga.
3. Transfiguration Cathedral
The Transfiguration Cathedral in Rybinsk and its bell tower are an amazing temple complex, striking in its beauty and grandeur, and it was built in the middle of the 19th century. The main building of the cathedral, as we can see it today, is a symmetrical five-domed church, built in the style of classicism, in terms of an equilateral cross, each of the ends of the cross ends with a portico with a colonnade. The monumental cathedral is able to accept up to four thousand believers at the same time, the cathedral has a rich interior decoration: granite slabs on the floor, the walls are decorated with exquisite white marble, more than 500 kilograms of gilded silver was used for interior decoration, the cathedral has a four-tier iconostasis. Shrines such as the icon of St. Nicholas, the icon of Fyodor Sanaksarsky and part of his relics, the icon of Fyodor Ushakov are available for visitors.
The cathedral bell tower, which is older than the main building, is characterized by stunning dynamism and decorativeness. This five-tier structure is over 100 m high and is one of the tallest in the country. The bell tower is distinguished by high semicircular arches and corner groups of columns with ionic capitals - only 52 pieces, at the very top of the bell tower, in a continuous tier without arches, there are chimes.
4. Church of the Icon of the Kazan Mother of God
The Church of the Icon of the Kazan Mother of God is the oldest church in Rybinsk, erected at the end of the 17th century, and it stands on the river cape in the place where the Volga and Cheremukha merge. The Church of the Icon of the Kazan Mother of God is a classic white quad with four cross dark green chapters around the central chapter. The main value of the church can be called restored frescoes that cover the lower tier from the inside. Here you can see beautiful paintings painted on the plot of "Tales of the Kazan Icon" by Patriarch Germogen.
In addition, the temple keeps a list of the miraculous Athos icon of the Mother of God "It is Worthy to Exist", which was created by the Greek icon-painters of the Athos monasteries. Particles of the relics of the Monk Nile of Sinai, Martyr Tryphon and Holy Martyr Harlampius are embedded in the icon. The highly revered icon is placed in a special icon case with seven silver lamps, which are not extinguished either day or night.
5. Ascension and St. George churches
These two Rybinsk temples stand next to each other and belong to the same parish - St. George's, while the first, stone church of St. George the Victorious, was built back in 1790, was subsequently renovated and, finally, was significantly rebuilt in the 1870-1880s . (in fact, the church building has become completely new). With this alteration from the inside, the temple was richly painted and acquired a magnificent iconostasis with icons from the 15th and 16th centuries, and the Ascension Church was erected in 1808.
The Church of St. George the Victorious looks quite atypical due to its bright color, red with white decorative elements, and a non-standard architectural solution. It is distinguished by an elongated shape with two dark green domes, larger and smaller, crowned with small black heads, and rows of arched windows with contrasting semicircles. Ascension is a beautiful five-domed church in the architectural style of classicism with pseudo-Russian elements. Inside the temple you can see a beautiful carved iconostasis with five tiers, the oldest of which (those below) date from the 13th century. Among the special values of the temples are the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God, the icon of the Great Martyr George the Victorious with a particle of the relics of the saint, and the icon of the Metropolitan of Rostov, St. Dmitry with a particle of relics.
6. Church of St. Alexander Nevsky
Church of St. Alexander Nevsky is located in the suburbs of Rybinsk, near the village of Makarovo. The temple stands on the bank of a stream, on a hill, and pretty old villages lie around it. A small, but slender and pleasing to the eye charming church remarkably harmonizes with the surrounding landscapes, it is distinguished by a pseudo-Russian architectural style with some classic details: in particular, high semicircular arched windows that make the building airy and bright. A tent-style bell tower with a high dome and narrow thin arches was erected above the refectory.
7. Polish Church Heart of Jesus
Polish Church The Heart of Jesus is the only Gothic-style religious building on the entire Upper Volga, and it was built before the revolution. Polish Church The Heart of Jesus was built in neo-Gothic style entirely of red brick, the central part of the church is decorated with two symmetrical towers, which used to be decorated with crosses, and now - weathercocks. The main entrance to the church is located on the second floor; a snow-white staircase leads to it. The Rybinsk Catholic Church got its name thanks to the statue of the risen Jesus Christ, earlier it was placed in the center of the pediment, but has not survived to this day.
8. Old Bread Exchange
The Old Bread Exchange is a real decoration of the historical center of Rybinsk and its architectural business card. The facade of this two-story building, made in the traditions of the provincial classic style, goes directly to the embankment, and it was in the area of the embankment that merchants bringing their goods made deals worth millions of rubles .. For different decades, educational institutions, a river station, and river police units were located here. Currently, the building of the Old Bread Exchange is transferred to the Rybinsk Museum-Reserve, it is planned to organize a new exposition dedicated to the history of river navigation on the Volga, as well as the work of the Rybinsk pier.
9. Technical school of Rybinsk
The Rybinsk Technical School was built in the period 1896-1897, the author of the project was A. Iossa, who gave the structure the characteristic features of the eclectic style. Today, within the walls of a magnificent building there is also an educational institution with a technical bias - the P. A. Solovyov Aviation Technical Academy. The building is incredibly uplifting and pleases with its festive exterior and bright interior, so it is a must-see when you visit Rybinsk.
10. House of Artists
The house of artists in Rybinsk was built of wood at the beginning of the last century by order of a local resident S. G. Gordeev in the style of Moscow Baroque, and in the 90s it was completely renovated. The reconstructed house immediately became a city attraction, now it is known to everyone as the House of Artists, because they rebuilt it during an impressive reconstruction. It is gratifying that the house was not turned into a museum or an art gallery - several families live here, the courtyard is covered in dense greenery, there is also a small exhibition hall where the works of local young talents are exhibited.
11. Rybinsk fire tower
It is impossible not to notice the Rybinsk fire tower, it rises above the whole city and is considered not only its main symbol, but also one of the favorite attractions of tourists. Which is not surprising, because its freshly restored facade has not changed much since 1912. Despite the fact that it was built more than 100 years ago, Kalancha is still considered one of the highest in Russia, stretching as far as 48 meters from the ground. The best view of the canal opens from the street. Boulevard, at the intersection of which with st. Herzen and she stands.
12. Rybinsk Museum-Reserve
The State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve in Rybinsk is one of the oldest and largest museums in the entire region, its collections contain more than 120 thousand exhibits, and the history of the museum begins in 1910. Today, the museum constantly has about 10 expositions, including exhibitions on the history of the city and the museum, as well as the nature of the region (including with live animals), archaeological finds in the region, entomology, as well as decorative, applied and fine art. The museum occupies a prominent historical building of the bread exchange, built in 1912.
In the museum you can see the works of Italian, Dutch, German, French, English masters of the 16-19 centuries along with sculptures of the 18-19 centuries. At least no less interesting is the collection of applied European art. It contains medieval Italian majolica, earthenware from Delft and Wedgwood, the products of the famous porcelain manufactories in Western Europe of the 18-19th centuries, Chinese porcelain and ceramics of the Far and Middle East.
Museum collections of domestic art objects are no less rich, and the most ancient exhibits belong to the Orthodox culture: these are prints, icons (the oldest date from the 16th century), carved wood objects, enamel and ancient copper plates of the 11th century. The art collection includes the masterpieces of such masters as F. Rokotov, I. Shishkin, V. Vereshchagin, I. Repin, A. Benois, N. Roerich.
13. The flooded city of Mologa
This city, standing at the confluence of the Mologa and Volga rivers, has been known since the Middle Ages, namely from the 14th century, in the local Afanasyevsky Monastery the revered miraculous icon of the Mother of God of Tikhvin was kept. If the city had not been destroyed, today we could see its sights - the Afanasyevsky monastery, built in the 16th century, the Resurrection Cathedral of the 18th century in the Naryshkin baroque style, etc.
But when the Rybinsk Reservoir was created in 1935, it was decided to flood it, which was barbarously done, all the inhabitants of Mologa were resettled to nearby cities until 1941. Periodically, the water level in the reservoir drops, the roofs of houses and in some places even the foundations become visible. The lowest level was recorded in 2014, when the city was able to consider almost in the smallest detail. Children and grandchildren of the former residents of Mologda go there by boat to bow to the old flooded city, as well as to see the land of their ancestors.
14. Museum of the Mologda Territory
The Museum of the Mologsky Territory opened in 1995 and became one of the main attractions of Rybinsk and its environs. In general, the museum is a kind of monument to Russian cities that disappeared from the face of the earth. It is located in the courtyard of the Afanasyevsky monastery of Mologi, the monastery itself, like the whole city, was also flooded.
The basis of the exposition was the exhibits of the Mologa Museum of Local Lore, closed in 1936 in connection with plans for flooding the city. The collection is stored in several rooms, where unique exhibits related to the history of Mologa are presented with great love and attention: old photographs, drawings and plans, documents. The exhibition smoothly illustrates the historical path of the city from the chronicles of the 12th century to the tragic events of the late 30s - early 40s. At the end of the excursion in the prayer room you can put a candle in memory of the disadvantaged residents of Mologa and the ancient city that disappeared from the face of the earth.
15. Museum "Ust-Sheksna"
Ust-Sheksna can rightfully be called the oldest metropolis in the territory of Rybinsk, its area is truly huge, and the number of unique finds in this area is uncountable. The central building of the museum complex was a wooden watchtower, erected by an archaeological group in 2006 in honor of the 935th anniversary of the first mention of Ust-Sheksna in historical chronicles. The tower replicates similar structures of the 12th century. It is surrounded by a picket fence and has a viewing platform. The tower surrounded by the palisade has an interesting exposition with objects not transferred to the city museum. Among the exhibits are a potter’s wheel, copies of ancient vessels, weapons of the 10–13 centuries, military uniforms, household items, glass and metal jewelry, and coins.
16. Rybinsk hydroelectric power station
The construction of the Rybinsk hydroelectric power station, mainly by the forces of the Gulag prisoners, began in 1936.In the 41st year of the last century, despite the German air raids, builders continued installation work, and already on November 18 of that year, the Rybinsk hydroelectric power station produced the first electric current. During the war, the Rybinsk station provided electricity to the capital, and it was especially important during the battle for Moscow.
The reservoir formed by pressure structures of the hydroelectric power station received the same name. By its area, it occupies the 3rd place in our country and the 8th place in the whole world. In general, this is the third stage of the famous Volga-Kama cascade, immediately after the war, the Rybinsk power station was considered the second most powerful in the entire Soviet Union, second only to the Dnieper hydroelectric power station. It was this hydroelectric power station that became the "culprit" of the flooding of the ancient city of Mologa.
17. Exposition "Soviet era" in the village of hydroelectric power station-14
The Museum "Soviet era" was opened in 2012 and is a full-fledged house of Soviet culture, not imitating, but preserving the atmosphere of the second half of the 20th century. The museum occupies three floors: on the first there is an operating cinema with an authentic film program, on the second - a real cabinet of a post-war party worker, a dining room in the Soviet style and with a Soviet atmosphere, even pies and cheesecakes are saturated with a special smell of past years. The third floor is a classic version of a communal apartment.
Among the exhibits are the attributes of a Soviet student and an October student: a briefcase, pencil case, books, uniform, tie and badge, Lenin’s monuments and typical sculptures of the last century, collected from the city streets. There is a Soviet era museum in the village of builders and workers of the GES-14 power plant with its development of the Stalin era, creating a special entourage of what is happening.
18. Monument Mother Volga
The magnificent sculpture "Mother Volga" is best admired from the ship. The monument was installed at the entrance to the Rybinsk locks from the reservoir on the sand spit. Rybinsk stands on the longest river in Europe - the Volga, there is also a monument erecting the river, Mother Volga. The sculpture was installed in 1953, in height it reaches 28 meters. The monument represents the Motherland, the nurse-river, a proud and strong Russian woman. Voting was held on the website of the city authorities, and according to its results, the Mother Volga monument officially and unconditionally became a symbol of the city of Rybinsk.
19. Manor Petrovskoye
The estate, belonging to the noble family of Mikhalkovs, was built opposite the city of Rybinsk near the mouth of the Sheksna River. Today the Petrovskoye estate is part of the city and belongs to the Trans-Volga microdistrict. Located on the hills and surrounded by a pine forest, the estate was an important point, past which one of the ancient trade routes ran. Opposite is the settlement with the name Ust-Sheksna, its excavations are currently underway. Petrovsky Park is the place where you can admire the symbol of the city of Rybinsk - crowned by the boat Besedka. Now part of the estate has been given to the Rybinsk Cadet Corps, Petrovsky’s condition at the moment is alarming.
20. House A.A. Sedova
The local architectural monument is the house of Artemy Andreyevich Sedov. The building itself was built in the 19th century and had two floors, a mezzanine and a wooden wing, while the house belonged to Rybinsk merchant I.F. Krasheninnikov. However, in 1913, the peasant Artemy Sedov, having sold his bakery, bought it from the son of a merchant and began construction work: the third floor was built on this way, and the layout of the building underwent changes. At different times, Sedov leased premises for a bakery, a pastry shop, a sewing shop, various offices and even a publishing magazine. Today, this elegant building houses private shops.
1. Rybinsk Museum-Reserve
It was founded in 1910 and occupies the building of the former Bread Exchange. The museum has impressive funds, which makes it the largest in the Upper Volga.The exposition is divided into 11 permanent exhibitions. All of them are connected with the history of the city, the main occupations of local residents and the art of the region. The museum complex partly includes the former Mukhnoy Gostiny Dvor, dating from the end of the 18th century.
2. Red Square
It is located in the center of Rybinsk between Krestovaya street and Volzhskaya embankment. It was founded in the 18th century. In the past - the territory of active trade. Gradually, benches and stalls gave way to flower beds and pedestrian zones. In 1934, a full-length monument to Lenin was erected on the square. He replaced the bust of the leader of the world proletariat. And before the revolution, this place was occupied by a monument in honor of Alexander II.
3. Monument "Mother Volga"
Meets guests who arrive in the city by water. The monument was erected in 1953 on the spit of the Rybinsk Reservoir. The height of the monument is 28 meters. It is clearly visible due to its open location. According to rumors, this plot of land was prepared for the "Worker and Collective Farm Girl", but a monument to the work of Vera Mukhina was sent to the capital.
4. Transfiguration Cathedral
It was erected on Cathedral Square in the first half of the 19th century. The current church building has replaced the wooden church - the same age as the city. Interior and exterior decoration is a mixture of styles. The iconostasis has four tiers and includes icons of the 15th century. Although the bell tower at the cathedral largely repeats its appearance, it was built half a century earlier. Relic - a chair installed in the temple for Catherine II, who visited Rybinsk.
5. Rybinsk tower
The first tower was built in 1843, and the building of the police unit became its foundation. A fire destroyed a wooden structure in 1907. Five years later, in the same place a new construction of reinforced concrete and brick was erected. There was no special need for a camera at that time, so the object was hardly used for its intended purpose. But it quickly turned into a city attraction.
6. House of Artists
Built in the early years of the last century by order of the merchant Gordeev. The exterior of the house stands out against the background of nearby buildings: carved platbands, corner balcony, roof turrets. The house is recognized as a monument of wooden architecture, made in the Russian style. The building has been restored, has several names, including the "House of Artists". It did not become a museum, remaining residential for several families at once.
7. Museum of the Mologa region
It is based on the funds of the Mologa Museum of Local Lore, which was closed in 1936. It has been working since 1995. The exposition tells about the territories that were flooded during the construction of the Rybinsk reservoir. Funds are replenished so far. Some of the things are brought by the locals, some by archaeologists exploring the area. Exhibits - noble furniture, household utensils, church items.
8. Rybinsk Drama Theater
The existence of the theater has been known since 1777. However, then the performance was available only to noble persons. The theater in the full sense of the word appeared in the city in 1825. Then the troupe consisted of serfs. Until 1880, artists spent the winter in Yaroslavl, and the summer in Rybinsk. Now in the repertoire of the theater, classical productions and experimental plays coexist. Tours around Russia are also regular.
9. Rybinsk Puppet Theater
Its history begins in 1933, which makes the theater one of the oldest among the puppet houses in the country. The hall is designed for 174 spectators. At the same time, the spacious room becomes cozy as soon as the curtain rises and the production begins. The repertoire is updated every season, taking into account the relevance of ideas. The troupe participates in festivals and organizes visiting programs both within the city and throughout Russia.
10. St. Nicholas Chapel
Since Alexander II managed to escape death during the assassination attempt, it was decided to erect a chapel in honor of this event. She was ready by 1967 and received the name of Nicholas the Wonderworker - the patron saint of merchants and travelers. In Soviet times, the building stood without a dome, and a police station was located in it. In 2010, the chapel was returned to its original form. On the chapters erected crosses covered with gold leaf.
11. Catholic church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
The uprisings in Poland in the 30s of the XIX century led to the exile of rebels and sympathizers in different regions of Russia. The Polish community settled in Rybinsk initiated the construction of the church, which was built in 1910. On the facade for some time there was a statue of Christ, in whose honor the church was named. During the perestroika, it was lost. Since 1979, the Prometey student club has been operating in the temple building.
12. Ascension-St. George Parish
The complex consists of two temples. The first is dedicated to St. George the Victorious. It is known from the XVI century, although the current building is later - the end of the XVIII century. Here, during the Soviet era, the archive was located. The second temple was erected in honor of the Ascension of the Lord. It was consecrated in 1808 and remained open even under Soviet rule. Thanks to this, the interior decoration, including murals and the iconostasis, has been preserved.
13. Kazan Church
In the past, this place was a man’s monastery. Initially, the church was small and almost had no decorations. The current form took shape at the junction of the XVIII-XIX centuries. With the advent of Soviet power, the temple was looted and burned the iconostasis. Full-scale recovery began in the 90s of the last century. One of the most revered relics of the church is the icon of the Mother of God "It is worthy to eat," written on Mount Athos.
15. Monument to Lev Oshanin
Installed on the Volga embankment in 2003. The author of the project is M. Nurmatov. The poet-songwriter composed many texts familiar to everyone, including “Flowing Volga” and “Oh, roads ...”. The figure of Oshanin is cast in full growth from bronze. He holds a book in his hands and as if reflecting on new lines, looking into the distance. The place around is a wonderful observation platform that allows you to assess the nature of the area.
16. Monument to Ludwig Nobel
Opened in 2013. The sculptor is J. Borodin. Ludwig is an entrepreneur, engineer and philanthropist, as well as the older brother of the founder of the Nobel Prize. In the past, a factory owned by the Nobels functioned in Rybinsk, and there is also a museum in honor of the Swedish family and their heritage. The sculptural composition consists of a bust of Ludwig and two uneven-shaped plates, which depict production facilities.
17. Railway station
It was rebuilt in 1905. In many ways, the station complex repeats the features of its predecessor - the wooden project by Karl Rachau. Rybinsk even at that time was a major transport hub. This affected the depreciation of the station, which in the recent past was closed for reconstruction. It is planned to update the facade and make the interior more modern. The building is given the status of an architectural monument of regional significance.
18. Rybinsk hydroelectric station and its gateways
Included in the Volga-Kama cascade of hydroelectric power stations. Construction began in 1935, and was completed 20 years later. The work involved Gulag prisoners. A design feature is the placement of objects on two rivers 10 km from each other. Shipping locks and a catchment dam are on the Volga, and the building of the hydroelectric power station is on the Sheksna River. The building and gateways have the status of a monument of architecture.
19. Rybinsk bridge
Thrown across the Volga. Construction was carried out from 1957 to 1963. There was a need for it before, but at first bureaucratic delays prevented the implementation of the project, and then the war. The length is about 720 meters, the width is 18 meters. Designed for both traffic and pedestrians. Two of the six flights were designed taking into account the possibility of passing ships here.
20. Volzhskaya Embankment
It stretches in the central part of the city along the right bank of the river. It starts from the Strelka Peninsula and ends at the confluence of the Volga and Sheksna. The sidewalk is separated from the water by an openwork fence, there are benches and lanterns. On the promenade you can not only stroll, enjoying nature, but also sightseeing. For example, a monument to a plumber, Transfiguration Cathedral, the building of the former Bread Exchange.