A small border town located in the Leningrad Region on the banks of the Narva River. Over the 500 years of its existence, it has repeatedly found itself in the center of significant political and cultural events, which are reflected in architectural monuments and cultural values. The peculiarity of the city is its close proximity to Estonia, only the riverbed separates the two states. Walking along the Russian coast, you can look into the "foreign life."
The unusual location, local attractions and interesting places make Ivangorod a popular tourist attraction.
The hallmark of the city is Ivangorod fortressthat once gave it a start and a name.
It is with this attraction that you should start exploring the city. Located in a picturesque area on the banks of the Narva River, the fortress is a complex system of defensive structures.
The construction, begun in 1492 by order of Ivan III, continued for several centuries. It was constantly being rebuilt and strengthened, turning into a reliable outpost, which even now amazes tourists and lovers of military history with its power.
On the territory of the fortress are architectural objects that can be regarded as independent historical monuments.
Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
The Assumption Church, built on the territory of the fortress at the beginning of the 16th century, is a functioning Orthodox church, open to visiting believers and tourists. The author of the project is considered the great Italian master Marcus Greek.
Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker
Next to the Assumption is St. Nicholas Church. Both ancient objects have very similar fates and are a single temple complex, founded at about the same time.
Today, a small squat church under a huge dome, completely hidden from view by a fortress wall, is of universal interest no less than its majestic neighbor.
Holy Trinity Church
Trinity Church has become a real decoration of the Ivangorod land. Lacy structure of a delicate milky hue and a green roof, designed in the style of the 17th century. Built by order of the famous philanthropist and art lover Baron A.L. Stieglitz in connection with the death of his wife. It was originally planned as a family tomb, but at the same time played the role of a religious center in the working quarter.
The baron and his relatives found the last shelter in the tomb. Their marble tombstones are at the bottom of the church.
Closing the overview of religious sites, it is necessary to mention the chapel located near the city on the former island of Campergolm. The initiator of the construction was the Center for National Glory of Russia.
A small wooden chapel and a memorial cross, erected in memory of those who died during the Great Northern War, are located on the banks of the Narva River. You will get the greatest impression when visiting this place from the picturesque road leading to it, and a beautiful view of the reservoir.
The mansion of the merchant Panteleev
In the very center of the city, the attention of all visitors is attracted by an elegant two-story building - the mansion of merchant Filipp Panteleev, a major industrialist and public figure. This building, like most of the old buildings, is built of brick made at its factories.
Since 1980, the Ivangorod Museum was opened in a former mansion, near which a small monument dedicated to the famous Panteleevsky brick is erected.
Ivangorod Art Museum
The centerpiece of the museum’s expositions is the collection of the outstanding Russian artist Bibin Ivan Yakovlevich and his companion Alexandra Shchekatikhina-Pototskaya. Pictures, sketches, graphics, objects of decorative and applied art open to visitors the fascinating aspects of the artist’s life and work.
The legacy of the great artist breathed life into the old building and became a favorite place for visiting guests and residents of the city.
Museum of Military Defensive Architecture of Russia
The museum is located in a one-story red building, in which customs was located in the last century. Wooden models of eight Russian fortresses, recreated to the smallest detail, and other exhibits acquaint visitors with the features of the construction of defensive structures, life and lifestyle of their inhabitants. Among the presented archaeological finds there are many interesting things with a fascinating history.
Sailing or Krenholm - the most unusual area of Ivangorod. In the past, an ordinary working area that grew up around canvas manufactories built in the 19th century on the banks of the Narva River. In 1991, the district was divided into two halves between Estonia and Russia.
Walking along its streets, you can find buildings of the 19-20 centuries, the Soviet period, as well as modern houses.
It is interesting that many residential buildings are in the past the structure of the cloth factory.
Narva hydroelectric station
Built in the 1950s to provide electricity to St. Petersburg. The place was not chosen by chance, since earlier there was one of the famous Narva waterfalls. The construction is located in close proximity to the border with Estonia, so its visit is very limited. But it can be perfectly seen from the shore or from the walls of the fortress.
The falling mass of water is truly a bewitching sight. But unfortunately, now this phenomenon can not be seen every day. All water forces are deployed in the direction of the hydroelectric power station, so the waterfall is turned on manually and if necessary. In the absence of water, the appearance of a stone plateau is of no less interest to visitors.
What else to see
In addition to the listed attractions, the city has many other places worthy of attention. For additional impressions, it is worth visiting the Friendship of Peoples bridge connecting Russia and Estonia, the Gazholder building in the Parusinki area. Unusual burials and tombs can be seen at the local cemetery. And a regular walk along the streets of Ivangorod can be an extraordinary tour for an observant tourist.
Big Boyarsky city
In the East of Ivangorod fortress, you can visit the largest of the three parts - the Big Boyarsky city. The city includes fortresses, seven towers, churches and other buildings necessary for everyday life. The project managers of this part are I. Gundor and M. Klyapin. The height of the walls of the defensive system reaches 15 meters and a width of 3 meters.
The main objects for study in this area will be St. Nicholas Church, the viceroy, priest and 4 merchant yards.
Church of the Trinity
The amazing temple was erected in the XVII century by order of the rich baron A. L. Stieglitz in connection with the death of his wife. The Church of the Life-Giving Trinity was originally planned as the family tomb of this patron. Despite the destruction during the wars, the bodies of the barons and his family are still located at the bottom of the church.
The openwork building with a green roof and baroque elements has a bell tower and several domes. Restoration work has begun recently, and continues to the present. However, the church is open to parishioners, services and memorial services are held.
Church of Peter and Paul
At the city cemetery you can see the old dilapidated building, built in 1856. Initially, it was a cemetery chapel, and after three years the building was converted into a church. The place became a crypt of the Orlov family, at whose expense this church was built. During the wars, the building was destroyed and reconstructed.
Having survived the hostilities, the Church of Peter and Paul fell into disrepair: there was not enough funding for restoration, and the sarcophagi and the interior were looted.
Gas tank building
On the territory of the Parusinka district you can see the large round building of the gas tank. The dilapidated brick structure is a former canteen for the workers of the flax mill. The remnants of former luxury remind tourists and local residents about the former existence of the largest enterprise, which belonged to the merchant A. Stieglitz.
It produced canvas fabrics for the navy. The building is abandoned and is in disrepair, so it is recommended to inspect it from the outside.
Sights of Ivangorod that you can see in one day
Some tourists find themselves traveling here or for a short period of time. Even visiting the city for one day you can see almost all the interesting places and attractions. The town is not considered large, so unique places are located not far from each other. Going on a sightseeing tour, it is recommended to adhere to the following sequence of visited points:
- Art Museum (Picture Gallery),
- Museum of military-defensive architecture of Russia,
- Museum complex "Ivangorod Fortress",
- Narva waterfalls (Narva hydroelectric power station).
Having decided to spend a weekend in the wonderful Ivangorod, the next day you can plan an unhurried walk through the architectural district of Parusinka and see the power of the local buildings. Also, there is an opportunity to enjoy the local nature and have a picnic on the banks of Narva, on the other side of which Estonia begins from Narva.
The river Narva along which the border with Estonia passes
How to get to the city and what to see in the vicinity
You can get to the city from St. Petersburg by bus from the bus station or by train from the Baltic station. Travel time is about those hours. If you go by car, then along the way, look into the beautiful Kingisepp, which is located 20 kilometers from Ivangorod. In addition, in the Leningrad Region it is worth visiting the picturesque cities on the shores of the Gulf of Finland - the imperial Peterhof, the resort Sestroretsk and Zelenogorsk, the famous Pavlovsk, border Vyborg, and of course St. Petersburg.
Ivangorod. Sights and interesting places, photos, what to see in one day
Ivangorod, a city with a difficult fate - its sights have witnessed several destructive wars, but remained as beautiful as during construction. Located on the border, Ivangorod was not only a security fortress and an outpost, but also a stumbling block between several European states.
The importance of the city in the modern world
The city was founded at the end of the XV century, at the direction of Ivan III Vasilyevich, and named in his honor. The first fortress in Russia was built, which got its appearance not from the terrain, but according to careful design and calculations. Also Ivangorod fortress carried out significant political tasks. She was one of the first border fortifications.
Initially, the fortress occupied a small territory, it was impossible to place a full-fledged squad in it to protect the border. It was built directly opposite the Livonian town of Narva, standing on the other side of the Narova River.
Borders were strengthened during the armistice with the Livonian Order. However, only 4 years after the construction of the Ivangorod fortress, the opponents attacked for the first time, they easily captured it and destroyed it.
Given all the flaws, the fortress was restored and increased. In 90 days, not only the original fortifications were reconstructed, but another fortress was built around.
The Big Boyar City, as the new part of Ivangorod was called, had stronger walls and defensive towers. In addition, the expansion of space made it possible to place much more soldiers on the border. Subsequently, additional extensions were made, and as a result, the construction of the city lasted about 2 centuries.
The city, which flourished through trade and crafts, came under Swedish rule for 100 years. The Swedes did not contribute to the development of the captured fortress. During the Northern War, Ivangorod, together with neighboring Narva, was again occupied by the Russian Empire.
Then, by decree of Peter I, he was included in the Petersburg District. Considered part of Narva, the city no longer had serious political significance and remained a Russian suburb.
With the advent of Soviet power, Ivangorod and Narva were annexed to the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1944, the Estonian border was defined by the Narova River, and Ivangorod remained part of the RSFSR, Kingisepp District. The area of the city today is 7.7 square kilometers.
Coordinates of Ivangorod: 59 ° 22`30` N and 28 ° 12`19`E Ivangorod, whose sights have been the pride of Russia for more than 5 centuries, borders on Estonia. The state defines the border between Russia and Estonia along the Narova River. Hassle-free border crossing is possible only for local residents on a single road bridge across the river.
The bridge across the river that separates Ivangorod and Narva
You can also use the pedestrian bridge. At the border, checkpoints guarded by the military of both countries are mandatory. For tourists and nonresidents passage is possible only with special passes.
Climatic conditions of Ivangorod are moderate. All four seasons are pronounced here. Weather fluctuations are frequent. The maximum air temperature is 31.4 ° C. The lowest recorded temperature is -26.5 ° C. A large amount of rainfall occurs in winter and spring.
Summer is accompanied by frequent fogs and thunderstorms. Autumn is also warm and foggy. The city is located near the Baltic Sea and there are clear signs of sea air.
Ivangorod, whose sights are not only man-made, is surrounded by nature of rare beauty. Some landscape monuments in the city district are protected by the state. Clean air, rich natural resources, amazing landscapes - all this will not leave indifferent tourists sophisticated by the metropolis.
Fans of quiet hunting will appreciate the variety of mushrooms and berries. In the floods of visitors to the closed city, the view of Narva waterfalls will impress: an amazing picture of the rolling mass of water over stones is created. Waterfalls here are one of the largest in Europe.
The population in the city is just over 10 thousand people.
Representatives of more than 30 nationalities live in Ivangorod, but mainly this:
Flora and fauna
In the environment of Ivangorod, there are more than 200 species of birds, of which approximately 20 species are on the verge of extinction. About 250 representatives of mammals, some of the individuals are also listed in the Red Book. The ichthyofauna has more than 15 representatives of freshwater and marine, spawning, fish.
More than 700 species of plants and 150 names of mosses and lichens are found in the vicinity of Ivangorod. Some of them are protected by the state and are under special control.
Ivangorod, albeit a small but very interesting city. Its sights are subtly similar to the cultural monuments of European countries. But, of course, the Russian spirit is also present in them, not without reason the city has always been famous for its masters.
The most noteworthy places that you need to see when visiting an amazing city are:
- Ivangorod fortress.
- Art Museum.
- Church of the Holy Trinity.
- Assumption Church.
- St. Nicholas Church.
- Chapel on about. Campergolm.
- Narva hydroelectric power station.
- Narva waterfalls.
Church of the Holy Trinity
In 1873, the merchant-philanthropist Stiglitz, who bought a linen and canvas factory at an auction, laid down a park and a temple in adjoining factory territories, where production workers with families could freely fit in as parishioners. The best Russian and Italian architects worked on the construction of the cathedral. Two years later, the Church of the Holy Trinity began to receive parishioners.
The building, built in the style of Russian-Byzantine architecture, at its base has the shape of a cross. Contemporaries noted that it was one of the richest temples of the time.
The interior of the church was striking in its splendor. Baron Stieglitz decided to build, as his wife Carolina was seriously ill. Alexander Ludwigovich did not stint and, having received a blessing, took not only financial participation in construction and arrangement.
The Church of the Holy Trinity subsequently became the family tomb of Stieglitz. During the Great Patriotic War, the building, one of the few, remained intact and almost intact. In 1945, the last service was performed in the church before many years of silence. After that, a slow destruction began.
The church building was next to the large construction site of the Narva Hydroelectric Power Station, and warehouses and technical rooms were arranged on its premises. As a result of the construction, the crypts were flooded, and the wall paintings mercilessly destroyed. For half a century, the temple gradually fell into decay, and only in 1997 the restoration was finally started.
Based on historical documents, reconstruction work was carried out. In the Yaroslavl region, domes and bells were cast again. Restorers rebuilt the demolished turrets of the church.
Work began in the post-perestroika period, and there was no question of financing from the state. Titanic work was done by Father Alexander, who still remains rector of the Church of the Holy Trinity. You can visit the Temple at the address: Ivangorod, st. Parkovaya, 3.
Ivangorod, the sights of which have witnessed the life of several states, rightfully considers the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary to be one of the oldest architectural monuments. Small, built in a restrained style, without any special architectural excesses, the church was erected at the beginning of the 16th century.
At a time when the city was ruled by Sweden, the church was re-consecrated to Lutheranism, however, Catherine the Great returned the church to Orthodoxy.
In WWII, the church was almost completely destroyed, and its reconstruction began only in the mid-70s of the last century. After restoration, the building was used as a concert hall for several years. Only after the collapse of the Soviet Union was the Assumption Church returned to the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is located at: Ivangorod, Kingiseppskoe Shosse, 1 B.
St. Nicholas Church
The Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, which is located in the Ivangorod fortress now, was erected in the middle of the XVI century, and is built on the model of the Assumption Church. There is a version that the St. Nicholas Church was built on the site of the site destroyed during the first attack on the fortress.
Under authority over the city of Swedes, the church was also handed over to the followers of Lutheranism. After the victory of Russia in the Northern War, the church resumed Orthodox services. During the reign of the Soviets and the Red Terror, the abbots of the St. Nicholas and Assumption churches were killed, later reckoned among the new great martyrs.
During the battles with fascist Germany, the St. Nicholas Church was badly damaged. It was restored at the same time as the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, but divine services are held there twice a year today - on the days of the commemoration of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker. Address of St. Nicholas Church in the fortress: Ivangorod city, Kingisepp highway, 1 B / 6
The chapel on Campergolm Island was erected in 2007 as a tribute to the soldiers who died in the Battle of Narva during the Northern War. 11 years earlier, a wooden cross was erected there. The memorial place is located from the Ivangorod fortress down the river Narva.
It was on this revenge in the campaign against the Swedes that the Russian troops were stationed. The wooden cross and the chapel represent a single memorial.
Famous people of bygone years - writers, artists, composers - loved Ivangorod for its pacification and inspiration that they received when they came here for a creative holiday. Names that have become famous throughout the world often called Ivangorod their small homeland.
The Ivangorod Art Museum is located in the mansion of the merchant Panteleev. Philip Yakovlevich Panteleev was one of the brightest personalities of his time. Patron, merchant, manufacturer, honorary citizen of the city, part of the city assembly.
His biography is fascinating and eventful, Philip Yakovlevich made a significant contribution to the life of Ivangorod both before and after death. During the war Panteleevsky House was not injured, although after all, it underwent a minor restoration.
The Art Museum is proud of not only the building in which it is located, but also a collection of paintings by I.Ya. Bilibin and his followers. The museum also features handicraft and trophy exhibits. You can visit the museum at: Ivangorod, Kingisepp highway 1/6
Active tourist holidays in Ivangorod are walking and cycling excursion routes. Such walks offer a wonderful opportunity to see the sights of the city that cannot be seen from a bus or car.
Fishing on the Narva River and its tributary will also be exciting. There are a lot of fish in the rivers, and the water does not freeze even in the cold season.
Interesting places for families with children
Ivangorod should be visited with the children, if there is such an opportunity. There are no specially equipped children's playgrounds. But nobody forbids climbing the ancient stones and walls of the Ivangorod fortress. It will be an exciting and informative journey for children of any age.
Travel agencies of St. Petersburg offer several excursions to explore the sights of Ivangorod. Buses and experienced guides describing the history of the famous fortress city are provided.
Basically, all the routes around Ivangorod are included in the general excursions. So, for example, for one tourist trip you can get acquainted with the cities of Kingisepp and Koporye.
Itinerary for exploring the city on your own in 1-2 days
For an independent tour of Ivangorod, you can use the following route:
- Tour of the Ivangorod fortress.
- Excursion around the Parusinka area.
- Visit to the flax factory.
- Dam of the Narva hydroelectric power station.
- Visit to the tomb of Stieglitz.
You can stretch your walk around Ivangorod for several days. The following hotels can provide comfortable accommodation.
Hotel Quiet Yard
A small cozy hotel where you can stay for several hours or for several days. The cost of one hour from 300 rubles., Day - from 1700 rubles. The service includes breakfast, bedding, internet access, parking, cafe. Hotel address: Ivangorod, st. Mayakovsky, 3.
This comfortable hotel is located in the center of Ivangorod. Large selection of diverse rooms. The cost of living is from 800 rubles per day in rooms with shared rooms. A separate room from 1,600 rubles per day. Free internet access. Walking distance to shops and cafeterias. Address: Ivangorod, Kingisepp Highway, 7.
A small tower built in the style of Russian architecture offers to stay and enjoy the amenities of a tourist trip to Ivangorod. Several comfortable rooms with private facilities, toilet and bathrooms.
Suitable for travelers with children. There is no restaurant, but within walking distance of restaurants and shops. Price from 2 000 rubles per day. Address of the Guest Rooms: Ivangorod, st. Pskov, d. 4.
What to bring as a souvenir
Having visited Ivangorod, you will certainly want to bring a souvenir about the beautiful and memorable places of the city. It is easiest to get memorable gifts in the main attraction - Ivangorod fortress.
Not far from the entrance there is a souvenir shop where you can buy magnets, key rings, mugs, calendars, paintings, posters with images of various types of Ivangorod. Prices start at 50 rubles. for a souvenir.
Ivangorod will leave indelible memories for any traveler. Sights will allow a deeper understanding of the history of the native land and love Russia even more.
Author: Anna Shishlina
Article design: Mila Friedan