Bremen is one of the oldest cities in Germany. It was founded by Charlemagne in 787. Already from the 9th century, it turned into an important religious center, later the glory of a free trading city came to it. The surviving monuments of the Middle Ages are living evidence of the prosperity of Bremen for many centuries. On the Market Square in front of the Roland statue, tourists seem to be transported to the 15th century, and the graceful forms of the Renaissance town hall make one sincerely admire the local architecture.
Sometimes it seems that modern Bremen is torn from the usual course of time. A similar feeling is often visited by travelers when walking along the ancient streets of European cities. Before my eyes - centennial facades and cobblestones of the reign of the Dukes of Saxony, and literally a few blocks already quite modern shops and offices.
What to see and where to go in Bremen?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a brief description.
1. Market Square
The market square is surrounded by historical buildings of the 11th-17th centuries: the town hall, the building of the trade guild, parliament, the cathedral and ancient city houses. Here is the famous Roland with the sword of justice in his hands and a monument to the Bremen Town Musicians. The square is considered one of the most beautiful in Germany. Due to the large number of attractions, it is always filled with tourists.
2. Shnor District
One of the oldest city streets in the past serving as the economic center of Bremen. Attracted by the proximity of the river, merchants, fishermen and artisans have long settled here. Here, houses erected in the XIII century are still preserved. But still, the bulk of the buildings dates back to the XVII-XVIII centuries. The name of the street came from a certain craft for the manufacture of ropes, since "snork" in German means "cord".
A small street that consists of only 7 houses. Each building is unique in its own way and has its own name. Among them are the houses of Robinson Crusoe and Seven Sloths. On the premises are several museums, a theater and a belfry. Böttherstrasse appeared in the 1930s thanks to the idea of sculptor B. Höttger and philanthropist L. Roselius. It was with the money of the latter that the old buildings were restored.
4. Bremen Town Hall
A unique architectural monument and one of the brightest representatives of the Weser Renaissance style, located on the Market Square. Today, as before, the city authorities are sitting in the building. The Town Hall was erected at the beginning of the 15th century in the Gothic style, but in 1600 it was rebuilt in the Renaissance style, decorating the facade and walls with numerous reliefs and sculptures.
5. The statue of Roland
The most recognizable symbol of Bremen decorating the Market Square. According to an ancient legend, as long as this monument stands, the city will maintain independence. The first wooden Roland appeared in the XIV century, but already in 1404 it was replaced with a stone statue, because the previous one was burned by soldiers of Archbishop Braunschweig. The height of the statue is about 4.5 meters, a shield with the imperial emblem is strengthened on his chest, and a sword is in his hands.
6. The sculpture "Bremen Town Musicians"
Perhaps, everyone knows the fairy tale of the Brothers Grimm “The Bremen Town Musicians”. In 1951, a sculpture dedicated to the heroes of this story: a donkey, a dog, a cat and a rooster, appeared directly opposite the town hall. The animals stand on top of each other and form a pyramid with their bodies. The idea to perpetuate the work of Grimm came to mind to sculptor G. Marx. Another similar monument stands on Bötchershtrasse and in Riga - the twin city of Bremen.
7. Cathedral of St. Peter
There are two versions regarding the appearance of the temple. According to the first, it arose in the VIII century, the second indicates the XI century. The truth can no longer be reached, especially since the cathedral was rebuilt several times. During World War II, it was almost completely destroyed, but restorers managed to restore a unique monument. The building was built in a mixed architectural style with features of Gothic and Baroque.
8. Scientific Center "Universum"
A modern museum demonstrating scientific achievements. His collection is divided into three parts: "Humanity", "Earth", "Space". In each of them quite interesting exhibits are presented. In the Universum, you can make an exciting journey into outer space, look into the depths of the ocean, suddenly find yourself in the center of an earthquake or on top of a mountain.
9. Ubersee Museum
Museum of Ethnography and Natural History, with an extensive collection. The exposition is located in a building that is recognized as an architectural monument. The museum appeared in 1875 after the Bremen Society of Natural History transferred its collection to the city authorities. For convenience, the Ubersee exhibition space is divided into geographical areas.
10. Bremen Picture Gallery
The city art museum is one of the most significant in all of Germany. Here is a collection of works of art relating to the period of the XIV - XXI centuries. The gallery was founded in 1823 to "spread the sensation of beauty", as stated in a statement of those years. From the very beginning, patrons of the city patronized her, so the construction of a separate building was not long in coming.
11. Foke Museum
At the Fock Museum, visitors will get acquainted with the rich history of Bremen and learn about how the townspeople lived several centuries ago. The collection is presented in the form of reconstructions of residential buildings and rooms, where furniture and interior items of various eras are exhibited. The museum was created in 1922 based on the private collection of J. Foke. In the 1950s, a new building was built for the exposition, as the old one was destroyed during the war.
12. Paula Moderson-Becker Museum
The collection is dedicated to the work of expressionist artist Paula Moderson-Becker. During her life, she created more than 700 paintings and more than 1000 drawings. Such a rich creative heritage needed a separate exhibition, and in 1927, 20 years after her death, the artist was honored with the opening of a personal museum. The collection is housed in a renaissance mansion of the XVI century.
13. Variety Theater “GOP”
Entertainment facility where diners and shows are offered at the same time. While there are performances on the stage, guests can enjoy food - this format is quite common for Europe. Basically, “GOP” gives circus-like performances: on stage you can often see acrobats, illusionists and dancers in colorful, memorable costumes.
14. Chamber of Commerce Schutting
The Chamber of Commerce has existed since 1441. She is now the center of the Bremen merchants. The building itself was erected in the years 1537 - 1538 in the style of the Florentine Renaissance. In the XVIII - XIX centuries, the building was rebuilt. As a result of the renovations, the house acquired a more modern facade, a luxurious portal and a staircase. In 1944, the building burned down and only the frame remained of it. Recovery continued until 1956.
15. "House with a bell ringing"
The unique building of 1934, which has its own melody. The walls of the house are ringing thanks to 30 porcelain bells hanging between the two gables of the building. They make melodic sounds on a schedule: during the first half of the year, a ringing is heard 3 times a day, in the second half hourly until 18:00. There is also a pivoting tower with wooden panels depicting the famous pioneers.
16. Submarine Bunker "Valentine"
The secret shelter of the Third Reich, built by the forces of prisoners of concentration camps in March 1945. But he was never destined to earn money, as the Allied forces defeated and after a while seized the bunker. After the war, it was actively used by the US Air Force. In 2008, the government put up an object for sale and was bought by a group of private investors to organize a thematic museum.
17. Shaft mill
The old mill is the only building preserved from the flour mill, which began work in the 17th century. In height, the structure reaches the size of a four-story house. Around it is a landscaped garden; inside is the Kaffee M hle restaurant. The place is very popular among tourists and residents of Bremen. Once a month there are musical performances.
18. Rhododendron Park
A large green area of 46 hectares, where multi-colored rhododendrons and azaleas are collected. In total, about 600 species and several thousand bushes grow here. From late April to June, during the flowering period, the park turns into a magnificent colorful carpet, which is colored with all possible colors. There is also a botanical garden with exotic species imported from America and the Far East.
Burgerpark in Germany is a type of public resting place with green spaces, cozy alleys and a lake, usually adjacent to a castle or a palace. Similar parks were created in many German cities with collective funds. Bremen was no exception, only the local Burgerpark appeared in the 20th century around a luxurious five-star hotel.
20. The promenade of Schlachte
The main city promenade, located on the site of the old port. Here are models of ships of past eras and ancient houses. There is a restaurant on board the frigate Admiral Nelson. A spacious beer garden with 5 thousand seats is also organized for guests. The promenade Schlachte is one of the most popular walking routes in Bremen. If desired, you can ride on one of the ships that are moored in the local harbor.
1. Bremen Town Hall
You should go to see this attraction of Bremen, if only because it is on the UNESCO list. The two-story building, erected in the Middle Ages, is a symbol of the city. It is made in the magnificent traditions of the Renaissance. If you are lucky, then during a walk through the luxurious halls of the town hall, you will meet with the burgomasters - often they go out to greet the guests and talk with them.
2. Market Square
Take a walk around the market square, and the question of what to see in Bremen in 1 day will no longer arise. A short list of fascinating places and architectural monuments located here: the Neptune Fountain, the Citizens Garden, the Bremen Town Musicians sculpture group, the stock exchange and the chamber of commerce, the Gothic Church of Our Lady, the famous Schuttingstrasse and Bötcherstrasse streets, the Shameful pillar. If you are not interested in the cultural and historical sights of Bremen, head to Bremer Ratzeller - the oldest wine cellar not only in the city, but also in the country.
4. Shnor District
What to see in Bremen will be interesting for both an adult and a child? The medieval central area of the city with its tiny souvenir shops, cozy restaurants and miniature houses. Even the hotels in Bremen, opened in Schnor, look as if they were created for the midgets. Along the streets are flower pots. Flowers also adorn the windows of each building.
9. Chamber of Commerce Schutting
This time we’ll talk about where architecture and gastronomic delicacies go to Bremen. The building of the chamber of commerce still serves as the center of merchants. Inside is, including the museum of the merchant community. The house has a chic portal, a luxurious staircase and a modern facade. If you feel hungry, you can visit the historic restaurant located in the basement. Reviews about the dishes served here are the most positive.
10. “House with a bell ringing”
Listing the main attractions of Bremen, we briefly mentioned this house. The first time the bell chimes from Meissen porcelain rang out more than 80 years ago. Now you can hear it three times a day (January-March) or hourly (the main thing is that your the trip or a walk to the house took place from 12 noon to 18 pm).
11. Variety Theater “GOP”
A spacious hall with a large number of tables and a stage, illuminated by red spotlights, becomes the venue for extraordinary theatrical performances. Almost always there are circus elements in the show: dancers and illusionists in colorful costumes, acrobats and aerialists participate. During any show, viewers are allowed to eat and drink. You should visit this theater if only because it managed to achieve international recognition.
12. Ubersee Museum
Come to this unusual museum and you will visit South and North America, Oceania, Africa and Asia at the same time. All expositions are devoted to ethnography and the natural history of these five parts of the Earth: you will learn about their cultural traditions, nature, life and trade. Living plants and extraordinary dioramas should be seen by people of all ages. By the way, the building itself is a protected cultural monument.
13. Bremen Picture Gallery
Continuing the conversation about interesting places in Bremen, we must not forget about the city art museum, created back in 1823. A number of paintings and other works of art presented here date back to the 14th century. However, there are many modern masterpieces of painting by the greatest artists of our time. Note that modern expositions change regularly, so a repeated visit to the museum can also be an interesting and vibrant event.
14. Foke Museum
The attraction, represented by several buildings, is located in a beautiful park, surrounded by bizarre sculptural groups and green vegetation. The museum’s collections will tell you about the history of the city and how its citizens lived several centuries ago. The expositions represent the reconstruction of buildings and individual rooms with furniture and interior items of different times.
16. Shaft mill
Preserved from ancient times and as if a fabulous windmill is located in the middle of the park area. A lake is located nearby, and the four-level building itself is surrounded by dense greenery. Inside the mill, there is a small restaurant called Kaffee Mhle, which also has an atmosphere of magic. You can order a buffet, try national treats: cream soup with asparagus, chocolate dessert with mint and strawberries, rolls with perch and herbs.
17. Submarine Bunker "Valentine"
The largest construction site created by the efforts of Nazi captives brought to the site from various countries of the world. The dimensions of the building are really impressive - it was bombed many times, but even direct hits could not cause visible damage to it. The entrance for tourists is open as part of excursions.
How to get there
Bremen Airport is located in the southwestern part of the city and accepts flights from most major German cities and some European ones. It is easily accessible by public transport (tram number 6, ten minutes from the city center) and by car. The main carriers are OLT, Ryanair and Lufthansa. You can monitor airfare prices on numerous aggregator sites or, say, here.
An extensive railway service connects Bremen with the rest of Germany. Every hour trains from the north leave the railway station (to Hamburg, Osnabruck, Munster), to the Ruhr area (to the south), to Hanover.
By trains of the western direction you can reach Delmenhorst, Oldenburg and the Frisian Islands. Local trains also run through the Central Station, connecting the peripheral areas of Bremen (twice an hour to northern Bremen, to the terminal station Bremen-Vegesak, or to Verdun via Mandorf or Zebaldsbrück). Train tickets are quite expensive. The cheapest way is to travel on a group ticket. If you are traveling alone, it is best to find a company to share your travel expenses.
A direct bus runs from Bremen to Groningen (Netherlands).A ride on it costs from 7.50 € one way. Buses depart from the Central Bus Station, which is located next to the train station and Hugo-Schauinsland-Platz
With Eurolines you can get to Bremen from many European cities, with Flixbus you can get here from German cities, as well as from Amsterdam.
Autobahn 1 connects Hamburg in the north and Cologne in the south, but when choosing this travel method, be sure to check the traffic information. Autobahn 27 leads north into Bremerhaven, Cuxhaven, and south toward Hanover, Braunschweig, Berlin, as well as other eastern cities. Joint trips are very common in Germany, and thus you can get to your destination very cheaply (about 5 € to Hamburg and about 20 € to Berlin).
What are the prices for vacation
You can navigate the prices of accommodation in Bremen here, and book on the popular booking site. View rental offers for private apartments and rooms here.
|Eating (lunch / dinner) in a reasonably priced restaurant||709 rub|
|Lunch / dinner for two, 3 course, middle class restaurant||3722 rub|
|McMill at McDonald's or similar combo lunch||461 rub|
The main attractions. What to see
One of the best in Europe, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The construction of the building began in 1410. Excursions are conducted by the tourist information office at 11.00, at 15.00 and 16.00.
Saint Paul's Cathedral
It rises above the main square of the city for 1200 years. Inside, in addition to impressive paintings and decorative elements, you will find an exhibition of objects found during the restoration of the cathedral. Admission is free, for 1 € you can climb the south tower and enjoy the city panorama.
Art Nouveau street, leading from the main square to the river. Many unusual buildings, a large number of design details, chimes, shops and several museums, including the Paola Moderson-Becker Museum. Inside the Haus Atlantis (now the Hilton) there is a spiral staircase leading to a stunningly beautiful open-air hall (unfortunately, it is usually closed to outsiders).
A beautiful park, located next to the former defensive moat. Nice place to stay.
The area of winding alleys, here you can wander aimlessly for shopping or stay at the smallest hotel in the world.
There are several cafes and restaurants along the Schlachte chain along Weser, and another popular tourist area - Schnoor Viertel - is located east of Kunsthalle. Here you can try many traditional dishes of Bremen and Northern Germany, for example, gruenkol cabbage, fish (smoked eel, herring, smelt), lobscouse - an old sailor's dish of mashed potatoes, stews, onions, fried eggs, beets - or chicken stew . Of sweet, red fruit marmalade and butterkuchen (a yeast cake with lots of butter, sugar and almonds) are good. Good fish restaurants can be found on Bötcherstrasse. Coffee shops in Bremen are called “Knigge”.
A calendar of holidays and other events is published in the monthly free magazine MIX.
- January 6: The Eiswette (ice bet) is a fun tradition when a tailor checks to see if the Weser River can be crossed without getting wet.
- February: Bremen Carnival in the South American style.
- April: Easter market.
- June: techno-style parade on the Weser River, Breminale Arts Festival there.
- August: Bremen Summer festival, La Strada circus festival, Maritim festival in Bremen-Vegesak (in the northern part of Bremen).
- October (2nd half): “Freimarkt” (free market) - one of the largest and oldest fair festivals in Germany, runs north of the train station.
- November: International Racing, Kutterpullen Tournament (rowing competition on the Weser River).
- December: Christmas market around the Town Hall building.
Things to do
- Take a walk in the city center and visit the Schnoor Viertel area with medieval streets. For art lovers, there is the Bremer Kunsthalle Exhibition Hall (Museum of Art), which houses one of the best collections in northern Germany.
- Watch the match of the Bremen football team “Werder Bremen”. The team plays in the Bundesliga (German Premier League). For a few euros you can get to their stadium (Weserstadion).
- Visit the Universum Bremen - a scientific center in the northern part of the city. You can get there by tram or on foot from the main station through Burgersky Park.
- Skate. ParaDice Ice Palace is open from October to February.
- Get to know the locals. In fine weather, many Bremen love to relax in the picturesque hills near Weser. In their company you can have a barbecue or a beer.
- Take a walk in the beautiful large Burger Park right in the city center. Have a drink at the famous Emma Café, rent a boat and ride small rivers, play mini-golf or just sit on the grass, enjoying delicious ice cream.
Shopping and shops
- Confectionery “Hachez” - located next to the Town Hall. In addition to the German chocolate of the same name, here you can buy Kluten - traditional Bremen sweets (mint cubes coated with chocolate), although they are also available in many other stores around the city center.
- Schnoor is a side street area with boutiques selling jewelry, African artifacts, and paper products. There is also a Christmas shop and many tourist shops.
- Street Böttcherstraße - in the local outlets you can find the highest quality products.
- Markets in the squares near the Town Hall.
- Lloyd Passage, Obernstrasse, Siegestrasse - the main shopping streets.
- “Waterfront” is a shopping and entertainment center (Mon-Sat 10: 00-20: 00). According to the name, it is located directly on the banks of the Weser River. The center was opened in September 2008 and gathered more than 80 fashion stores (Primark, Desigual, Tommy Hilfiger, etc.), shoes, jewelry, sportswear, leather goods and gifts under its roof. Here you will find everything you want, and you can relax and have a meal in more than 1 different cafes on the outdoor terrace. Various events are regularly held inside the center and on the promenade: fashion shows, exhibitions, concerts or entertainment for children. There is also a 25 sqm screen on the food court where the games of the German football league are broadcast.
Bars Where to go
- The world famous Becks beer is brewed in Bremen, and you can visit the brewery where it is brewed. Tours are held in English and German, the cost (in November 2009) is 9 € per person, the entrance ticket must be ordered in advance.
- Pay attention also to “Ratskeller” - a wine cellar and restaurant with the famous oldest collection of wines in Germany.
You will find many bars, pubs and cafes on the Schlacht promenade and in the vibrant Viertel quarter.
- If you like beer pretzels, head over to the Schüttinger, a brewery near Böttcherstraße, where several beers are brewed and served.
Taxi. What features exist
Taxis can be found almost everywhere and always, its cost is about 1.25 € per kilometer. The two main companies - the Roland taxi (tel. 0049 0421 14433) and the Ruf taxi (tel. 0049 0421 14014) work around the clock, you do not need to book a car in advance.
In Bremen, there is a public transport network with street trams and buses. From Friday to Saturday and Saturday to Sunday there are night buses and trams (marked with the letter "N"), which depart almost every hour from the central station. Cheaper to buy group tickets for four or a weekly ticket for one person. Tickets are purchased before boarding.
Bicycles are rented at the train station and at several sports shops in the city. Among the German megacities Bremen is the most friendly for cyclists. The former mayor of the city, Hennig Scherf, was an inveterate cyclist; he rode his bicycle to the office every day, despite the dissatisfaction of his bodyguards.
This is the best way to explore the old city and its surrounding quarters.