Walking along the streets of the Old Town you can relax from the noise of the city center. The Old Town of Warsaw is an atmospheric alley, squares and cozy cafes that create a unique sense of history. And in the summer, the squares of the old city become a place for musical and theatrical performances and open-air galleries.
Royal Castle (Royal residences)
Built in the 15th century, this castle served as the residence of the Masovian princes. After the capital was moved to Warsaw from Krakow, the castle served as the residence of the king and the Polish government. The castle was completely destroyed during the Second World War. It was restored between 1971 and 1988. Now the building of the castle houses an art museum that contains paintings by Rembrandt, as well as works by Bernard Bellotto, Canaletto and the work of the court artist of the Polish king Stanislav, Augustus Ponyatovsky.
Palace of Culture and Science
This is a “gift of the Soviet people” to Warsaw from the USSR, the construction was completed in 1955. The Palace of Culture and Science is the embodiment of socialist-realist architecture. This is still the tallest building in Poland and currently serves as a cultural center. Theaters, museums, a cinema and a concert hall are located here, there is also the highest observation deck in Warsaw, on the 30th floor, from where a magnificent panoramic view of Warsaw opens.
Castle area of Warsaw
Not a single excursion program in Warsaw is possible without visiting Castle Square, because the Royal Castle is located here - an example of a bizarre mix of eras and styles. This palace is a unique example of early Baroque, although some Gothic features can also be traced in its architecture - the heritage of an ancient wooden castle, erected several centuries earlier in the same place.
During the Second World War, the palace was barbarously destroyed by the Nazis. It was possible to restore it from photographs and fragments only by the end of the century. The complex has the shape of a pentagon. The facade of the castle is designed with restraint and even ascetic, without any frills, which can not be said about the magnificent interior. The interior of the palace is dominated by magnificent stucco molding and ornate, bizarre carvings.
Among the monuments decorating Castle Square, the Sirenka statue is of particular interest. According to legend, a mermaid, accidentally swimming in the Vistula, fell in love with this land and settled in the river. But the evil merchant deceived her into a cage. The young fisherman saved the siren, and in gratitude she told him that in the place of the tiny village a beautiful city would soon be erected, which she would preserve forever. The mermaid kept her word and still stands in the center of the Old Town.
The square has a triangular shape, in the center of the square stands the Sigismund Column, a pillar in honor of King Sigismund III Vasa, erected in 1644 is the oldest monument and landmark of Warsaw, and historical townhouses are located opposite the Royal Castle. The square marks the beginning of the historic Royal Route, stretching to the south of Warsaw.
Museum of the Warsaw Uprising (Warsaw Rising Museum)
Opened in 2004, the opening of the museum was dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the beginning of the Warsaw Uprising, the museum pays tribute to all those who fought and died for the independence of Poland. The museum is located in the building of the former tram power station
The heart of the museum is a steel monument passing through all floors of the building. The area of the museum is more than 3000 square meters. m., the exhibition has about 1,000 exhibits and 1,500 photographs and films.
1. Stare Miasto in Warsaw
Historically, the oldest attraction in Warsaw is the Stare Miasto. But during the Second World War, this area was destroyed. A lot of time and effort was spent on the restoration of this part of the city. Today Stare Miasto is completely rebuilt and restored. How accurately the originality of this place is conveyed - its construction, architecture and its inherent atmosphere - shows the quality of the work done. Typical streets of the Middle Ages wind between cozy houses with tiled roofs - this area looks the same as many centuries ago, which is why it is very popular among tourists.
2. Market Square
In the very center of Warsaw is its main ideological attraction - Market Square. There are always a lot of people here idly strolling or rushing about their business, but life does not cease to boil in the square for even a second. The main feature of this place is its preserved atmosphere of the Middle Ages, which especially attracts tourists. Nowadays, market stalls still stand on Market Square, local artists sell their work, and cab drivers deliver their passengers to destinations on shakes. Like several centuries ago, the spirit of the everyday life of the Polish capital is seething in this corner. Arriving in Warsaw, you must definitely visit here.
3. Palace Square in Warsaw
The main place from which most excursions in Warsaw begins is the Palace Square. Here, tourists will see many interesting sights of the late Middle Ages. On the central part of the square is a monument to Sigismund III, erected by his son in the middle of the XVII century. On different sides of the square are medieval castles, cathedrals and museums founded by them. It will take several hours to get acquainted with the historical sights of this hot tourist spot, but they will not be wasted. This is a must-see place in Warsaw!
4. Royal castle
The Royal Castle is an attractive tourist destination that must be seen in Warsaw. Today it is the most popular museum of the city, located on the eastern side of the Palace Square. Unfortunately, the original building has not survived to the present time due to the destructive power of World War II. But the townspeople restored the former building with enviable accuracy. Within the walls of the castle you can see the exposition dedicated to Polish culture, and also often hosts various exhibitions, concert performances and symposiums. Even the interior of the castle is worth the time spent on its inspection: picturesquely decorated walls and rich decoration make you admire the castle.
5. Wilanow Palace
The most important attraction of the Polish capital is located in the southeast of Warsaw, Wilanowski Palace. A baroque building is built, and a beautiful garden is nearby. The palace is a symbol of the national pride of Poland. It was built in the 17th century and served as a suburban residence for the royal family. At the beginning of the 19th century, a museum was founded at the Wilanow Palace, which was one of the first in the country. After visiting the palace and visiting the museum, tourists can stroll through the local garden. This is a great place for excursions!
6. Historical Museum of Warsaw
The list of the most important and visited sights of Poland includes the Historical Museum of Warsaw. His collection of exhibits is so large that as many as six buildings in the central part of the city have been given away. The exposition is located in sixty rooms and is dedicated to the history of Poland and its capital from the moment of its foundation to the present day. A large number of dramatic situations experienced by Warsaw found their place in the museum. This attraction attracts many tourists who want to get acquainted with the history of Poland and Warsaw.
7. Krakow suburb
Perhaps, one of the best sights of Warsaw was the whole street, we are talking about the Cracow suburb. Along this street there is a considerable number of important objects for the Polish capital, including a medieval castle, a religious shrine and a state university. Every year, thousands of tourists walk around the Cracow suburb. On Christmas holidays, this street is decorated with colorful lights and garlands, which makes it indescribably beautiful, especially in the evening and at night. But regardless of the time of year, this street remains the most popular in Warsaw.
8. Museum of the Polish Army
Be sure to include in your list of attractions that you need to visit in Warsaw, the Museum of the Polish Army. He plays a significant role in the history of the country. Given the location of Poland - and this is the center of Europe, one can understand that the Polish state had to fight a lot. The history of any state will be incomplete, if not to mention its military affairs. It is this gap that the Polish Army Museum fills. By visiting it, guests will get acquainted with the entire Polish military history. Here is a large collection of thematic exhibits and military artifacts that belong to each of the eras. Locals are very proud of their military history, of which the museum is a part. In general, visiting this Warsaw attraction will be very interesting.
9. National Museum of Warsaw
In the same building where the Polish Army Museum is located, one can see the expositions of the National Museum of Warsaw. This metropolitan attraction was founded in the second half of the 19th century. Initially, the exposition was more of a private nature and consisted of items that were purchased or donated specifically for the museum, as well as exhibits exhibited by individual owners. Today, the National Museum of Warsaw has collected in its collection many works of eminent artists and archaeological finds, the examination of which will take a good few hours.
10. Museum of the caricature
The special pride of Poland is another interesting attraction of Warsaw - the Museum of caricatures. Why is it of such value to the country? Because he is one of a kind in all of Europe. Previously, the museum’s collection consisted exclusively of works by Polish masters, but in recent years the exposition has been replenished with many exhibits that belong to the hands of foreign cartoonists. Thanks to this step, the museum has become international. The doors of the attraction are open for tourists to visit on Saturdays, and the rest of the time you will have to purchase a ticket.
11. Chopin Museum
One of the main cultural values of Warsaw was, founded just over half a century ago, the Chopin Museum. This cultural attraction of the capital of Poland is located in the same building in which at one time the young composer gave his first performances. Among the exhibits of the museum you can see original things that belonged to Frederic Chopin, part of which are his musical sketches, written documentation and even the piano. And on Sundays you can listen to concerts from the works of the composer.
12. Park Lazienki
A special place among the sights of Warsaw is Lazienki Park. The beauty of this complex is virtually unparalleled throughout Europe. Lazienki Park was founded in the 17th century and all the years of its existence attracts many guests with its unique architecture and picturesque nature. On the territory of the park zone, tourists will find several buildings of the Middle Ages - a palace, holiday villas and some other attractions. The beauty of the park has many hours of walks along it. Here you can also make some of the best photos of the Polish capital. Lazienki Park is a great place to relax in Warsaw.
These are the sights worth seeing in Warsaw first. If you have already been to this city, and know more interesting places - share in the comments. Thanks for attention!