Pashkov House


Pashkov House, Pashkov House

Pashkov House in 2016
Object of cultural heritage of Russia of federal significance
reg. No№: 771410967610046
Object No. 7710449000 (Wikigid database)
55 ° 44′59 ″ s w. 37 ° 36′30 ″ c. d.HGYOLA country
  • Russia
TownMoscowArchitectural styleClassicismProject AuthorV.I. Bazhenov (?)FounderP.E. PashkovBuilding1784-1786StatusProtected by the state Wikimedia Commons Media Files

Pashkov House or Pashkov house - One of the most famous classic buildings in Moscow, now owned by the Russian State Library. Designed (presumably) by Vasily Bazhenov. Located at Vozdvizhenka Str. 3/5, p. 1.

Building construction

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The Pashkov house was built in 1784-1786 by order of the captain-lieutenant of the Life Guards of the Semenovsky regiment Pyotr Yegorovich Pashkov, the son of a batman Peter I, presumably according to the project of architect Vasily Ivanovich Bazhenov. Throughout the 20th century, various points of view were expressed on the issue of his authorship, since written evidence was not preserved, and the only thing that proves his belonging to Bazhenov is the oral tradition and the architectural Bazhenov style.

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UndergroundStation "Borovitskaya", "Library. Lenin ”,“ Alexander Garden ”.
BusOst. “Metro Library named after Lenin”: No. 144, K, m1, m3, m6, n11, Ost. The Big Stone Bridge: No. 255, Ost. “Arbat Gate”: No. 15, A., Ost. Mokhovaya Street: No. C43, m6, Ost.
Trolley busOst. "Variety Theater": No. 4, 7, 8 and m4.

The Pashkov House in Moscow or, as it is also called, the Pashkov House is one of the most attractive buildings in the style of classicism in the capital. It is currently owned by the Russian State Library. There are three library departments: cartography, sound recordings and music books, manuscripts. In the front hall of the Pashkov House, which is now a cultural and exhibition center, various cultural events and international conferences are held.

The date of creation of the Pashkov house falls on the years 1784-1786. It was built by order and with the money of a wealthy Moscow dealer, Pyotr Yegorovich Pashkov, who was called the “first Russian vodka king”.

It is believed that the captain-lieutenant of the Life Guards of the Semenovsky Regiment Pyotr Pashkov ordered the construction of the mansion to this famous architect. Proof of this is only the Bazhenov architectural style and the regal appearance of the famous house. The architectural style of the Pashkov house is classicism.

Pashkov house - Yandex panorama. Cards

According to some reports, the original walls of the Pashkov house were orange. The place for the construction of the building was also not accidentally chosen - opposite the Kremlin and Borovitsky Hill. At that time, it was more often called the Pashkov house, it became the first private building, from where it was possible to look at the Moscow Kremlin from the bottom up. The house is located on Vagankovsky hill, on a rather high part of it.

During the Patriotic War of 1812, the building received many damage. Restoration work was carried out for three years, from 1815 to 1818. Architects and critics believe that Osip Bovet himself had a hand in his updated look. Pashkov’s house acquired new features characteristic of post-fire Moscow classicism. His appearance became even more beautiful, he was admired by all secular Moscow. You can quote the poems of the poet Mikhail Venevitinov, who said that this is "the most elegant building in the whole country."

In 1862, it houses the library and collections of Count Nikolai Petrovich Rumyantsev, which were previously stored in the museum named after him. Subsequently, this rich fund became the basis for the Russian State Library. An honorary member of the Imperial Russian Academy and a famous philanthropist bequeathed his entire collection of books "for the benefit of the Fatherland and good education." These words can now be seen above the entrance to the Rumyantsev reading room.

In the early 1920s, the Rumyantsev Museum was reorganized for the needs of the Lenin Library by the decision of a special commission. Large-scale reconstruction of the Pashkov house was carried out in the period from 1925 to 1927. E. Shervinsky, I. Rerberg, I. Mashkov and Alexey Shchusev worked on the project. In the 1930s, the expansion of Mokhovaya Street began, in connection with which they destroy the garden and demolish the fence. The coat of arms of Count Pashkov is also removed, and a sickle and hammer are installed instead. At that time, a complete redevelopment of the interior is carried out. During the Great Patriotic War, a common reading room functions here.

Balls in the Pashkov House

Numerous balls are held at the Pashkov House, including the traditional Easter Ball, charity and cadet balls. Also in the cultural and exhibition complex "Pashkov House" there are many events of various directions. The hall hosts exhibitions, awards ceremonies, presentations, concerts and music evenings. The magnificent interiors of the large hall were restored using historical documents and illustrations.

One of the largest New Year cadet balls took place here on December 19, 2018. It was attended by girls from the choreographic ensemble "Anima" and the cadet corps of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation, as well as young men, pupils of the Moscow Presidential Cadet School named after M. A. Sholokhov. The ball program was organized according to the traditions of the 19th century. About 150 couples performed several dozen dances, including waltz, polka, square dance and many others.

For the cadets of the Russian Guard, participation in such balls has become traditional, because they are held in the Pashkov house every year. In the archives of the school. M. A. Sholokhov collected a lot of historical material about ballroom dancing. The cadets study not only dances, but also secular etiquette, manners of behavior at the ball, join the glorious history of the army. It is traditionally believed that a real Russian officer should know and understand the ballroom culture.

The total area of ​​the Great Hall, this masterpiece of Russian architecture of the 18th century, is about 450 square meters. The area of ​​secondary premises, including balconies, 350 square meters. The hall is characterized by excellent acoustic properties, if necessary, you can set the stage here, it can accommodate up to 350 guests. Equipped with modern climate control, fire and security systems. Another advantage of this building is its magnificent view of the Kremlin.

The excursion department of the Russian State Library offers its guests a diverse excursion program around Pashkov’s house, as well as other RSL funds. In addition to a typical excursion service, it is possible to order individual tours of this beautiful building.

There are some conditions that must be strictly observed. All excursions are by appointment only. An employee of the tour desk of the RSL will contact the customer by phone, the day before it, to confirm the order. If you can’t get through, the tour is canceled. Also, it is no longer possible to confirm the tour on the day of its holding.

The rules must be followed during excursion service. Outer clothing, luggage, prints, food and drinks should be taken to the wardrobe. You can shoot using a smartphone, tablet, or using a small amateur camera. Shooting using professional equipment is carried out only with the permission of the RSL administration and in the presence of an authorized employee.

Excursions are held from Tuesday to Sunday, from 10:00 to 19:00. Monday is a day off. Tour prices:

  • The group consists of one visitor, for an adult - 900 rubles, for schoolchildren - 700 rubles, for students and senior citizens - 400 rubles. Free admission for children from large families.
  • For one person in the national team from a third-party organization - 900 rubles.
  • Groups of less than 10 people pay excursions at the rate of: adults - 9000 rubles, schoolchildren - 7000 rubles, students and pensioners - 4000 rubles.
  • Foreign citizens pay double excursions.

Payment should be made directly on the day of the tour. The excursion ticket is issued only to the whole group. The cost of individual or corporate excursions depends on the intended scenario and the conditions of the customer.

The story of the creation of the Pashkov house

Tourist guides enthusiastically write about how well Pashkov’s house is located. In fact, this happened on purpose, there was an exact calculation of its creator. The famous “businessman” of that time Pyotr Pashkov was able to increase the fortune of his father many times, who served as the batman of Peter I.

He drew attention to the good location of the hill, which was then called "Moss Hill." For five years, from 1780 to 1784, he made the purchase of land in this place. Thanks to bribery, he won lawsuits against all land owners. The most difficult thing for him was the case of the site belonging to the Church of St. Nicholas in Vagankovo.

He seized by force a plot located at the entrance to the church. Litigation lasted a long time and even moved to the Senate. But even there Pashkov managed to become a winner, in this he was helped by the Moscow commander in chief. This church also has its own interesting story. It was restored in the 19th century and even bore the name "museum". Nikolai Gogol often visited and prayed in it.

Before the construction of the mansion, the Moss Hill was refilled and leveled. A magnificent iron grate was installed below, mounted on stone pillars and decorated with wrought-iron lanterns. In terms of preserving the original version, Pashkov’s house is one of the best specimens preserved in this area of ​​Moscow. For example, the Golitsyn house and many other mansions were rebuilt and rebuilt more than once.

How to get there

It is convenient to get to Pashkov’s house on the Moscow metro. Stations that are located within walking distance, in order of distance:

  • "Borovitskaya" - is located 150 meters from the famous house,
  • "The library to them. Lenin "- located 250 meters,
  • "Alexander Garden" - is located at a distance of 390 meters.

By public transport, you can get to Pashkov’s house, located at 3/5 Vozdvizhenka Street, Building 1, by bus and trolleybus. Nearest stops:

  • “Metro Library named after Lenin” - buses No. 144, K, m1, m3, m6, n11. You need to walk 200 meters on foot.
  • "Big Stone Bridge" - bus number 255. Walk about 410 meters on foot.
  • "Arbat Gate" - buses number 15, A. Walk to the house of Pashkov about 670 meters.
  • "Mokhovaya street" - buses No. C43, m6. Walk about 780 meters. You can use buses No. 144, K, m1, m3 and n11, get off at the metro station Lenin Library stop.
  • "Estrada Theater" - trolleybuses number 4, 7, 8 and m4. Walk about 820 meters.

To get a taxi, it is most convenient to use the mobile applications of such operators as Maxim, Yandex. Taxi, Uber, CityMobile, Lucky, Gett.

A bit of history

Pashkov’s house appeared on the map of the capital in the 1780s. V. Bazhenov is considered to be its architect, however, documented evidence of this has not reached our time. The customer of the mansion is the wealthy descendant of the batman Peter I P.E. Pashkov. He bought the land on Vagankovsky Hill opposite the Kremlin and challenged society by erecting the first mansion in Moscow, from the upper floors of which the Kremlin appears below the level of sight - and not above, as usual. However, luxury did not reign here for long: Pashkov's heirs preferred to live in a different place, and at the beginning of the 19th century the dilapidated building was bought by the state. The halls of the palace turned into the classes of the Noble Institute, then the gymnasium and, finally, they accepted the collection of books of the Rumyantsev Museum, which later was transformed into the Lenin Library. Today, the building is still occupied by 3 departments of the state library, as well as a cultural and exhibition center.

In 2007, after almost 20 years of repair, Pashkov’s house took the first tour.

What to see

Acquaintance with the house of Pashkov certainly begins with its external architectural appearance. Two identical facades: one looking at the Kremlin, and the second - at the courtyard of the library complex - a solemn anthem to classicism with its clear lines, moderate refined stucco molding and harmony of bearing and carried structures. The snow-white facade is shaded by a green roof with an almost airy balustrade from landscape bowls, and in the middle of it is a neat rotunda with French windows.

Visitors to the house are greeted by a soft apricot lobby with spans of stairs diverging on both sides leading to the second floor. The suite of rooms was given over to departments of rare editions, manuscripts and maps, and reading rooms. Concerts and creative evenings are held in the main hall with chess parquet, a balcony-terrace and a luxurious crystal chandelier.

Admire the halls of Pashkov’s house and visit the exhibitions held in them not only by sightseers, but also by the lucky owners of the library's library card - and moreover, for free.

Practical information

Address: st. Vozdvizhenka 3/5, p. 1. The nearest metro stations are Borovitskaya, Lenin Library, and Alexander Garden.

A visit is possible only as part of the tour. They are held daily, except Mondays, from 10:00 to 19:00. The site of the official tour desk.

In addition, you can visit the Pashkov house during excursions and from other excursion bureaus in Moscow.