Mlinsky colonnade


Zitek dreamed of building a magnificent three-story building in the neo-Renaissance style, but the colonnade is significantly different from the original project. After the construction was completed, reviews about it were not at all enthusiastic, it seemed to contemporaries that it did not meet the nature of the resort center.

Since 1893, when the colonnade was completed to the Rock source, its length reached 132 m. Under its roof, which is supported 124 Corinthian columns, is an orchestra sink and five mineral springs. Allegorical bas-reliefs adorn the walls of the colonnade, and sculptural images of twelve months adorn the balustrade of the upper terrace.

The Mlyn Colonnade today is probably the most popular building in Karlovy Vary with locals and tourists.

Rock source
53 ° C
Until 1845, he was in the Tepla River. After planning the territory, its water was withdrawn to the current Mlyn colonnade.
Source of Libusa
62 ° C
Before it was called the source of Elizabeth roses. It arose as a result of the combination of four small sources.
Source Prince Wenceslas I
65 ° C
Source Prince Wenceslas II
58 ° C
Water from this source was used for the production of Karlovy Vary healing mineral salt. According to contemporaries, at the end of the 18th century, it was comparable to Geyser in its water content and strength. Prince Wenceslas is bred in two source vases. Source I flows directly into the colonnade, source II - in front of the colonnade opposite the orchestra shell.
Mlyn spring
56 ° C
Already in the sixteenth century it was used for balneological treatment, most importantly, for baths. Before, you could buy water from your favorite spring in almost all Czech pharmacies.
Source Mermaid
60 ° C
From the sixteenth century until 1945, it was called the New Source. Its water was at one time more popular than the water of the Mlyn spring. There was even a colonnade of the New Spring, which over time was rebuilt and called Mlynska.

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Photo and description

The heart of Karlovy Vary, its most famous landmark, the place of walks for all guests of the city is the Mlinsky colonnade. It is located right in the center of Karlovy Vary. This building, decorated with two rows of slender columns, serves to protect the guests from bad weather during the tasting of healing water from five sources, which are led directly under the arches of this colonnade. Previously, it was called the colonnade of Czechoslovak-Soviet friendship, but now it is called Mlinskaya by the name of the most famous source - Melnichny (in Czech - Mlinsky).

Water from this spring is prescribed to all vacationers without exception. Therefore, any guest, armed with a mug with a nose purchased at a kiosk in the neighborhood, can taste this water. The names of the sources are indicated on bronze tablets next to them, so it is difficult to confuse the sources. Also on the walls of the colonnade you can see boards engraved with poetic lines or excerpts from prose dedicated to this beautiful resort.

The length of the Mlinsky colonnade is 132 meters - this is the longest such building in Karlovy Vary.

If you are lucky and the entrance to the colonnade is open, which happens infrequently, then you can climb the roof terrace, which is decorated with sculptures dedicated to the months of the year.

Various concerts are often held in front of the colonnade: this allows a large space in front of it. Young people walk here, important meetings are made, old people sit on benches and read newspapers, sipping healing water, children feed seagulls and trout in a river, and palm trees tremble in the wind.

History of the attraction

The Czech spa town of Karlovy Vary has arisen and developed thanks to its unique warm mineral springs. Since time immemorial, people suffering from diseases of the stomach and diseases of internal organs have sought to get here.

A roof was always installed over medical springs. But the construction of a legendary landmark has become another project, designed for centuries.

At first, architect Joseph Zitek proposed to the authorities to build a two-story building, covering the sources with a winter glass colonnade. But it took a lot of money. Three years later, he proposed a more modest version, which was approved. Construction was carried out from 1871 to 1881.

Architectural features

The Mlyn colonnade is designed in the style of a pseudo-renaissance. The capital structure has a length of 132 and a width of 13 meters. Throughout, 124 graceful columns adorn it. The railing of the upper terrace attracts attention with 12 allegorical sculptural figures that symbolize the months of the year.

Each source is equipped with a special facility. Information on the temperature of mineral water and the name of the source are on a plate affixed next to it. Under the arches of the colonnade, a single pavilion singles out only one source? Skalny.

Of the features of the building, it is also worth noting the presence under its roof of an elegantly designed orchestra pit for a symphony orchestra.

Sources of the Mlyn colonnade

The main highlight and attraction of Karlovy Vary is the thermal springs. Their healing water has a beneficial effect on the entire human body, restoring all functions, and literally reviving people tormented by civilization.

All five sources are similar in chemical composition. The main difference in their temperature of water:

  • "Mlynska" ("Mill")? the temperature in it reaches 56 degrees. The name received in honor of the mill, which was located nearby until the end of the XVIII century. Known since the 16th century. Initially, water was used for bathtubs. In 1705, doctor F. Hoffmann advised using it for medicinal purposes. The first spa in Karlovy Vary appeared thanks to this source,
  • “Rusalchin” (“Mermaid”) - here the temperature reaches 60.1. Until the middle of the 20th century, it was called the “New Source”, although it has been known for several centuries. In 1748 a wooden colonnade was built, but it had to be expanded more than once,
  • “Book of Wenceslas” (“Prince Wenceslas”) is the hottest of the five sources of the colonnade: its highest temperature can reach 65 degrees. Interestingly, he was found under the rock where the sculpture of St. Bernard was located. Contemporaries valued him on a par with the famous Geyser,
  • "Libushe" ("Libushi")? temperature is 63 degrees. Another of the historical sites, above which stood a colonnade of wood. For unknown reasons, his name often changed,
  • “Skalní” (“Skalny”) - temperature 46, 9. For a long time he got out directly into the river and only horses who bathed here could use warm waters. After the rock was split off and the left-bank highway was laid, they began to use unique water for the benefit of people.


The Mill (Mlyn) colonnade with thermal springs, built in 1881, is the largest colonnade of the Karlovy Vary resort. This colonnade is often depicted in souvenirs and paintings, since it is a symbol of this tourist city. Since 1893, when the colonnade was completed at the Rocky Spring, its length reached 132 m and its width was 13 meters. Under its roof, which is supported by 124 Corinthian columns, there is an orchestra shell and five mineral springs. Allegorical bas-reliefs adorn the walls of the colonnade, and sculptural images of twelve months adorn the balustrade of the upper terrace.

The construction is located on the embankment of the Tepla River, which makes it even more beautiful and picturesque. There are many thermal springs in this colonnade - such as Mill Spring, The Little Mermaid, Source of Prince Wenceslas, Libushin, and Skalny. All sources have different temperatures - from 53 to 65 degrees.

The Mlyn Colonnade today is probably the most popular building in Karlovy Vary with locals and tourists.

Wiki: en: Mill Colonnade

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