The great, harsh, austere and at the same time incredibly interesting city with a huge number of attractions and historical monuments is St. Petersburg. As soon as he is not called! And the “Window to Europe”, and “Northern Venice”, and Northern Palmyra, and the cradle of the revolution, and the city on the Neva ... Many travelers come to see the largest metropolis in the world. The main merit of such close attention was the status of the capital - the city is considered a real gem of architecture, a mecca of world tourism. An interesting fact, the name of the city consists of three words and each has its own meaning. Saint is translated from Latin as “saint,” Peter is the name of the apostle (translated from Greek as stone), and burg is translated from German as “city”. The name of the city, as well as its symbolism, emphasizes the connection with Rome, the patron saint of which was the apostle Peter. The coat of arms of St. Petersburg is made in the form of two anchors that intersect - it has an amazing resemblance to the coat of arms of the Vatican.
St. Petersburg is located at the mouth of the Neva River, which flows into the Baltic Sea. That is why there is a large number of smaller rivers, lakes, canals - it is not for nothing that the second capital is called "Northern Venice". The city is considered the most "northern" in the world, where more than a million people live. Leningrad region is the largest in the country - located in the northwest and has an area of 83 908 square meters. km This is practically the whole of Austria, the size of which barely reaches 84 thousand square meters. km The geographical location of St. Petersburg is quite unusual - throughout the city there are different heights above sea level, while it is considered average. More than half of the city is located in a lowland, the level of which is slightly higher than the sea (by 1-3 meters). It is in St. Petersburg that there is an initial (zero) mark for counting depths and heights. The area of the city is 1439 square meters. km St. Petersburg has coordinates 59 ° 57′00 ″ s. w. 30 ° 19′00 ″ c. d., its length from north to south is 32 km in the ring road and beyond - 52 km, and from the north-western part to the southeast - 90 km (outside the ring road). The Gulf of Finland is considered the geographical center of St. Petersburg. The time zone of St. Petersburg is UTC + 3 hours - the time is similar to Moscow.
The city is divided into 18 districts, among which
- Vasileostrovsky, named after the island. Sometimes problems arise due to isolation from the city - it is difficult to get anywhere.
- Vyborg, with a well-developed infrastructure, but an abundance of traffic jams on the highways.
- Admiralteysky, the oldest district in which most of the industrial enterprises are concentrated.
- Kirovsky - is considered the "working zone" of the city, the largest port facility is located here. In this regard, traffic congestion and poor ecology are characteristic.
- Kalininsky is an industrial region, characterized by a well-developed infrastructure, but an unstable environmental situation.
- Krasnogvardeisky, known for Big and Small Okhta. Here you can find affordable housing near the city center, but it will be difficult to get to more remote neighborhoods.
- Moscow, is considered the most developed area. It is here that an important highway passes - Moskovsky Prospekt. Housing prices are quite high.
- Resort - due to its location along the Gulf of Finland there are a lot of parks, forests - these are the "green lungs" of St. Petersburg.
- Krasnoselsky - well suited for settlement. The infrastructure is well developed, but there are no metro stations nearby.
- Petrograd - is considered a prestigious area, is also popular due to the location of the Peter and Paul Fortress here.
- Nevsky - removed from the center, divided into industrial and sleeping areas.
- Petrodvorets is an environmentally attractive area, it is here that Peterhof and Oranienbaum are located - the pearls of the city.
- Primorsky is a modern district, which is distinguished by both good ecology and sufficient provision of new housing. The disadvantage is traffic congestion.
- Frunzensky is an industrial region whose main problem is transport.
- Pushkinsky - here are concentrated the main attractions of St. Petersburg - the palace and park complexes "Pavlovsk" and "Tsarskoye Selo".
- Central - the "heart" of the city, there are many architectural monuments. It is considered the most prestigious area.
- Kronstadt - named after the island on which it is located. Here, mainly industrial zones prevail.
- Kolpinsky is an industrial area. The environmental situation is aggravated by a nearby landfill.
Due to the fact that dense air masses are present in the city all year round, sunlight penetrates through them quite rarely. Therefore, in St. Petersburg it is almost always humid and damp. The total flux of solar radiation in the city is 1.5 times less than in the south of the neighboring country (Ukraine), and 2 times less than in Central Asia. The climate here is formed by westerly and northwesterly winds, it is considered moderate (passing from temperate continental to temperate sea). Therefore, the area does not differ in severe frosts in winter. And summer is considered warm enough. The air masses are constantly replacing each other, so the city constantly blows winds and often rains. The first snow tourists should expect in early November, it can hold out until April. Fogs are inherent in the first decade of winter - this is a very common occurrence in St. Petersburg. Cyclone changes carry thaws. St. Petersburg, in connection with frequent changes in the air masses, appears before its residents and guests either warm and mild, or harsh and cold in winter. Spring and autumn are accompanied by piercing winds. When thaws begin, the cold air masses forming above the city’s ponds begin to move actively. In autumn, the weather is warm and sunny, with the approach of winter, a sharp cooling occurs.
The season of visits by tourists never runs dry. Due to the fact that St. Petersburg is a city very rich in every respect, it will be interesting here at any time. Most often, the city is attracted precisely during the “white nights” season, which lasts 55 days (from June 11 to July 2 - the brightest). The period of the New Year and Christmas holidays is also especially popular - therefore it is better to reserve places in hotels in advance (at least 2-3 months in advance). A little less visitors - in the offseason, but a trip to St. Petersburg always remains a budget vacation option. You can visit the Cathedral Mosque and the Hermitage at any time of the year - you decide whether to combine this with special holidays or “white nights”. If you would like to enjoy a walk on the Neva river bus, to see drawbridges, then definitely worth going here in the summer.
St. Petersburg in the spring
City `s history
In the 15th century, the Neva lands became part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. After the military confrontation with the Swedes, a defeat eventually followed - according to the conditions of the Stolbovsky Peace (1617), the territories passed into the hands of Ingermanland. After 83 years, the war broke out again, called the North - it lasted more than 20 years. "Neva lands" were recaptured, which was spelled out in the Nishtadt Peace Treaty (concluded August 30, 1721). Hare Island was the first place where a building was erected in a new city (in 1703) - the Peter and Paul Fortress, gloriously known to all. The next was Kronstadt, whose main task was to guard and defend the sea borders of the state. You can fix that the Admiralty Shipyard was considered the first industrial enterprise of the new city. 1712 is a turning point for the city on the Neva, because it gained the status of the capital of the Russian Empire. Intensive development was carried out - including the suburban palaces of Peterhof, Yekaterinhof, Oranienbaum. Soon, the Mint was placed in St. Petersburg (transferred from Moscow), Smolny and Liteiny built, as well as many factories and industrial facilities (trellis, powder, leather, wax, weapons, etc.). The well-known St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences was founded in 1725, after 3 years in the capital, the first newspaper in Russian history, the St. Petersburg News, began to appear. Everything began so well and such a rapid flowering of the Northern capital was overshadowed by floods and fires. Many structures were badly damaged, and some were destroyed. A little later, St. Petersburg began to be famous for its educational institutions.
- Smolny Institute of Noble Maidens,
- Mining College
- The main public school for teacher training,
- Imperial Academy of Arts, etc.
1756 became an important year for the country's culture - the first theater (State) was created. Already then, architectural ensembles of the central areas of the city gradually formed, its active development, settlement continued. Since 1800, the city has been actively building industrial facilities - it has become a major industrial center, an important transport hub of the country. 1815 - the year when the first domestic steamer Elizabeth was launched. The first railway was also erected in the direction of Tsarskoye Selo (in 1836), then the branches expanded and were completed. The first trams began to travel around the city in 1907, although they have long been used in other cities of the country. The First World War, which began in 1914, significantly affected the fate of St. Petersburg, as well as other major cities of the country. In connection with the anti-German sentiments and the new political order, the city was renamed Petrograd. After the revolution in 1917, Nicholas II was overthrown from the throne, which was also the end of the rule of the monarchs. Power passed to the Bolsheviks - Vladimir Lenin was at the head. The Russian Soviet Republic was formed. From March 5, 1918, Petrograd was no longer considered the capital - with the relocation of the Bolsheviks to Moscow, the capital status also moved. The name Leningrad was assigned to the city after the death of the leader of the world proletariat. Along with Moscow, Leningrad received the status of a separate administrative unit in 1931. Then the first Pulkovo airport was opened. In 1935-37, the General Plan of the city was created, which provided for intensive expansion in a southerly direction.
During the blockade
With the outbreak of World War II, the enemy besieged the city. Leningrad was completely cut off from land, this event went down in history as a blockade, which lasted about 900 days and nights. The city did not give up, but at the cost of heavy losses - 560 thousand inhabitants remained alive (according to estimates made after the removal of the enemy encirclement). Since 1951, the Northern capital began to actively develop again. Squares (Kalinina, Lenin, Komsomolskaya) and avenues (Moskovsky, Stachek, Sredneohtinsky, Engels, Primorsky) were built. 1955 became famous for the opening of the metro, in 1962 - a television tower 312 meters high was built (on Aptekarsky Island). Also, the expansion of the residential sector was carried out due to the construction of "Khrushchev". The year 1967 was marked by the erection of a sports palace ("Jubilee") and a concert hall ("October"). To prevent serious consequences from possible floods, a dam was built in the Gulf of Finland. On the eve of the collapse of the USSR, a referendum was held in the city, according to the results of which 54% of residents wanted to return to its original name - St. Petersburg. The city became “Russian Davos” in 1997, from that moment the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum was held here. Nowadays, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the Inter-Parliamentary Assembly of the CIS countries, the Western Military District of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the Heraldic Council under the President of the Russian Federation, the headquarters of the Navy Main Command are located in St. Petersburg.
Sights of St. Petersburg
For a very long time, the architectural appearance of St. Petersburg was determined by palaces. With their sophistication, interesting architectural diversity of styles and atmosphere of a social ball, they amaze guests. Many are attracted by the most valuable collections of the city’s museums, the architecture of the mansions of Nevsky Prospect, drawbridges, “white nights”. Consider the most beautiful places to visit:
- Peterhof, founded by Peter I in the 18th century. The imperial residence still has the name "Russian Versailles". Here, tourists will see many parks, flower beds, pavilions and walking alleys, which will be dipped in the era of imperial rule.
- Grand Catherine Palace. The first royal house was built on this site in the first half of the 18th century; later, during the reign of Elizabeth, the palace was expanded and improved. It was erected in the Baroque style, inside the interior is decorated with the prevailing elements of Rococo.
- The State Hermitage is one of the main attractions of St. Petersburg. This is one of the most famous and largest museums in the world - it is included in the list of popular places along with the Vatican museums, the Paris Louvre, the Spanish Prado. The Hermitage’s collection included such works as medals, sculptures, including antique ones, various products from ornamental and precious stones, and magnificent paintings by great artists of the past. The Hermitage began its existence in the form of a private imperial collection; now it is a public museum.
- Museum-Reserve Pavlovsk. Earlier on the territory were royal hunting grounds. Under Prince Paul I, a residence was erected here, which today is represented by a beautiful complex.
- Palace Square. It is considered the main one in St. Petersburg; it is almost 2 times larger than the famous Red Square in Moscow. In the middle stands a monumental Alexandrian column, erected in honor of the victory of Russian troops over Napoleon.
- The building of the main Admiralty is one of the symbols of the city. It was erected on the banks of the Neva River - where the first shipyard was located.
- Mariinskii Opera House. The main opera scene in St. Petersburg - everyone who loves Russian opera comes here.
Mariinskii Opera House
- The Alexandrinsky Theater is the first dramatic theater to allow public viewing of performances.
- Kunstkamera. A museum where various examples of pathologies, gene disorders, deformities of the human body are collected. Here are collected more than a million copies.
- The State Russian Museum of Russian Fine Arts is the largest in Russia. Here you can see the paintings of famous artists (Aivazovsky, Bryullov, Repin, etc.).
- House of Peter I. The first residential building in St. Petersburg, where the king lived while the city itself was being built. The house contains personal belongings of Peter I, and the wooden building itself has long been moved to another place and is protected by a special stone frame.
- Peter-Pavel's Fortress. It is considered the historical center of St. Petersburg of the 18th century. Previously, the fortress was a prison.
- St. Isaac's Square occupies one of the 3 plots that were built up in the first years of the city’s foundation. The space of the square is fenced with monumental buildings, in the form of an architectural frame. It is on the square that St. Isaac's Cathedral is located. Both the cathedral and the square were named in honor of St. Isaac of Dalmatia, which is revered on May 30. In the history of Russia, this day is celebrated as the birthday of Peter the Great.
- Saint Isaac's Cathedral. The Orthodox Church is a true decoration of the city. The cathedral was built in the style of the late classics with minor elements of the Neo-Renaissance and the Byzantine direction.
- Kazan Cathedral - was built under Alexander I. The construction is in the Empire style, an icon of the Kazan Mother of God is kept in the Orthodox church.
- St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral.Here is stored a Christian shrine - an icon of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker with part of the holy relics. The cathedral regularly hosts services for the repose in honor of the dead sailors.
- Church of the Savior on Blood. The name was given in honor of the construction of the temple on the spot where the reformer Tsar Alexander II was killed. Services were mainly held here only in memory of the ruler.
- Smolny Monastery, also has the name Resurrection Novodevichy Convent. At one time it was erected by order of the Empress Elizabeth - it was not used for worship, and since the 90s a concert hall has been functioning here.
- The Alexander Nevsky Lavra is the most important spiritual and cultural center of Russia. It was erected in honor of the victory of Alexander Nevsky over the Teutonic knights in 1240.
- Monument to Peter I or the Bronze Horseman - is a kind of symbol of St. Petersburg. The monument was designed by the sculptor Etienne Falcone in honor of the founder of the city, commissioned by Catherine II. Located on Senate Square.
Monument to Peter I
- The house of the company "Singer." Art Nouveau building in which literature lovers gather. The name was received due to the fact that at the beginning of the 20th century this place belonged to an American company that planned to build a high-rise building here. Of the 11 originally conceived, only 7 floors were erected, but at the same time, the structure stood out from the others.
- The Neva River is one of the largest in Russia, it offers excellent panoramas, you can watch the construction of bridges from the shore. St. Petersburg is called the city on the Neva. It is thanks to this river that St. Petersburg has become a port city, it is to it that the squares of the Northern capital are facing. Neva is a world-wide transit waterway, merchant and passenger ships from the Baltic Sea go through its waters. On days of major holidays, warships are built from the Baltic Fleet on the Nevsky Raid. This tradition belongs to Peter the Great. "Eternal parking" here found one of the warships, a cruiser called "Aurora". Neva divided the city into parts that are connected by metal bridges.
- The cruiser Aurora. A famous ship of war that took part in battles in the waters of the Pacific Ocean. Since 1948, acts as a museum exhibit.
- Nevsky Avenue. The famous St. Petersburg street, along with many monuments, interesting places, restaurants, shops of shopping centers.
- Spit of Vasilyevsky Island. This place is a kind of divider of the Neva River into two parts. This place is a real open-air museum.
- Kronstadt. The remains of the fortress are located in the Gulf of Finland. Over the entire period of existence, 17 forts have been built here, which are necessary to protect the port.
- Palace Bridge is a symbol of the city of St. Petersburg. The weight of the drawbridge is 700 tons, and some structural elements are more than 100 years old.
- In St. Petersburg, the suburbs are famous for the magnificence of parks - Pushkin, Petrodvorets, Gatchina, Pavlovsk, Oranienbaum. They were created as ceremonial country residences for the court nobility and Russian tsars. Now the parks are famous monuments and museums of landscape gardening and landscape art. In St. Petersburg, there are about ten largest parks and gardens with an ancient history. Their age is estimated at more than one decade and even a century. Here, for example, the Tauride Garden in the estate of Grigory Potemkin appeared at the end of the 18th century, and the Summer Garden has an earlier appearance - 1704. Also one of the oldest include the Field of Mars, the Mikhailovsky and Catherine Gardens.
- Summer garden. The oldest park in the city of St. Petersburg, which was planted even under Peter the Great. It is considered a true example of a picturesque park culture.
- Lions of St. Petersburg. The city has more than 1000 lions brought from different countries and made of various materials. The animal is a real symbol of the city’s guards, keeping St. Petersburg calm.
Lions with golden wings in St. Petersburg
Be sure to start your acquaintance with St. Petersburg with a walk along the central Nevsky Prospect, Alexander Nevsky Square, Uprising. On the way, you can visit the Gostiny Dvor, Kazan Cathedral, Palace Square and stay in the Hermitage. Further, build on the availability of free time and taste preferences - pay attention to ready-made sightseeing tours with which you will definitely not miss important details and beautiful places of the Northern capital.
Events and Festivals
Often, the main events of the city become the reason for a trip here for new impressions and vivid emotions. What does hundreds and thousands of people gather in St. Petersburg:
- The day of the city of St. Petersburg is May 27 (it was founded in 1703 on the Hare Island of the Neva River).
- The day of lifting the blockade of the city of Leningrad - a military celebration takes place on January 27.
- The night of museums (from May 17 to May 18). Anyone can get acquainted with interesting exhibits at an unusual time for this.
- The opening of fountains in Peterhof (takes place in May) is always accompanied by a cheerful, magnificent celebration, fireworks, songs, shows.
- Scarlet Sails (City Graduates Day) is considered the most romantic holiday. Thanks to a bright concert, a laser show, a colorful ship with red sails, the celebration is popular not only in Russia, but also among residents of foreign countries.
- Day of the Russian Navy, a celebration is held on the last Sunday of July. Warships solemnly sail along the Neva - while all drawbridges rise, which looks very spectacular and beautiful.
- The closing of the fountains in Peterhof in September - everything goes as colorful as when they opened.
- Christmas market in St. Petersburg - an unforgettable atmosphere, the "spirit of magic" will be provided to you and your children, as well as entertainment at the rink, interesting contests, concert programs.
- The Jazz Manor Festival is a global event in the world of music that gathers fans of blues, funk, lounge, acid jazz. Held in mid-June.
- Sensation - electronic music festival. This is a truly grandiose show, which featured popular DJs in Europe and around the world.
Most often they come to St. Petersburg during the “white nights”, which officially last from June 11 to July 2. These days, it is believed that the sun does not set completely and nights look like twilight familiar to everyone. New Year holidays is also a peak period that attracts tourists with incredible illumination - you can look at all the sights from a new perspective.
White nights in St. Petersburg
Restaurants and Cafes
In St. Petersburg there are both fast-food restaurants, with an average price level, and for the elite segment. Each tourist is interested in more than just a list of popular, noteworthy places for snacks - they want to navigate the sights that they plan to visit. Those who come to St. Petersburg by train begin their acquaintance with the city from the station. In the building of the Oktyabrskaya Hotel there is a fast-food restaurant called The Nutcracker. Once in the "heart" of St. Petersburg (Palace Square, the Hermitage, etc.), you don’t have to look for a place to eat for a long time. There is a vegetarian cafe called Troitsky Bridge nearby (breakfast is available every day and lunch only on weekdays). The address is Moika Embankment, 30. Having visited the Kunstkamera on Universitetskaya Embankment, you can also quickly find a place to eat. A more budgetary option for a tourist who is not critical to serving is the canteen of St. Petersburg State University (address Birzhevaya line, 6). The building of the Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences also has a dining room (Birzhevaya line, 1).
Closer to Vasilievsky Island there is also a good dining room, Dolma (1st line V.O. 32 - ground floor). Near the brilliant architectural monument of St. Isaac's Cathedral is a cafe - dining room “Two Peppers”. Here is a wide selection of delicious dishes with a fairly humane price tag. The facility does not work on weekends. Address - st. Malaya Morskaya 16. On Antonenko 10 lane there is another “Table Spoon” canteen with home cooking, a pleasant atmosphere and affordable prices. After visiting the Peter and Paul Fortress, you can have an inexpensive and tasty meal in the café-dining room “Nutrition +” located on Bolshaya Monetnaya Street 11. Cafe “Beautiful Green” is a pleasant place on 41 Mokhovaya Street. Once you have some refreshment, you can take a walk through the famous places Summer Garden, Field of Mars, Mikhailovsky Castle, famous monuments. Near the Russian Museum in the Shopping Center "Passage" (48 Nevsky Prospect) on the 3rd floor there is a Soviet-style dining room with affordable prices. Near the Kazan Cathedral and the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood there are also several decent cafes and canteens. For example, the Finnish dining room (on Bolshaya Konyushennaya, 8), the self-service restaurant MarketPlace (Nevsky 22). Also a good place for quick snacks is the Samadeva vegetarian cafe (Kazan, 10).
The Nutcracker Restaurant
Well, how can it be without shopping for souvenirs, gifts for loved ones and “oneself loved”? Not one popular tourist city can do without shopping. In local stores and boutiques, anyone can find shoes and clothes of famous brands, but they are decent here (more expensive than in the US and Europe). The main "shopping" streets are:
- Nevsky Avenue,
- 7th line of Vasilievsky island,
- Sadovaya street,
- Middle and Big Avenue of the Petrograd Side,
- Vladimirsky Prospect.
The popular shopping centers of St. Petersburg (shopping center “Gallery” on Ligovsky Prospect, “Big Gostiny Dvor”, shopping center “Passage”, gallery “Grand Palace”, shopping center “Nevsky Center” on Nevsky Prospect, shopping center “Sennaya” at Efimov street). Here you can also purchase all kinds of accessories, home decoration, jewelry, etc. Tourists may visit flea markets
- On Udelnaya (nearby - metro with the same name). There are clothes, kitchen utensils, furniture and other little things.
- In Avtovo, it is called "Juno" (along Marshal Kazakov Street). Everything about electronics is presented here. Monday is a day off.
A trip to St. Petersburg does not end without the acquisition of traditional souvenirs (products of the Lomonosov Porcelain Factory, souvenir products of the Nochlezhka charity).
Frafor with cobalt mesh pattern
How to get there
St. Petersburg is an amazing ancient city of Russia, which attracts travelers from all over the country and the world. Tourists who decide to visit the Northern capital for the first time will need to know the list of airports in the city.
- Airport Pulkovo. Previously, there were two terminals (Pulkovo-1 and Pulkovo-2), but after the reconstruction they were replaced by one - Pulkovo-3. It is also called the "new terminal."
- “Bull Field” airfield is a privately owned airline. Located in the city of Kronstadt.
- There are military airports in the area of Pushkin and Levashov.
Passenger flights are accepted only by Pulkovo. This airport is also used by the airlines “Russia”, “Aeroflot”, “S7”, “Ural Airlines”, “UTair”. The air port is located outside the city (about 20 km). In addition to domestic, it serves the airlines of the CIS countries and international flights. After a recent reconstruction, the airport offers passengers a comfortable flight expectation and the following services:
- lounges for children,
- first-aid post
- pharmacy kiosk
- a cafe,
- the shops,
- left-luggage office
- VIP areas.
Travelers who do not like flights can be offered rail travel. There are 5 railway stations in St. Petersburg. Passenger trains from Moscow, Samara, Rostov-on-Don, as well as from Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan arrive at the Moscow station. This is the third railway station in Russia in terms of passenger traffic. About 50 suburban trains are served here daily. Ladoga station is one of the complex transportation hubs of the city. This is the youngest station in St. Petersburg, which is a transit. He receives trains from Yekaterinburg, Omsk, Novosibirsk, Murmansk, Chelyabinsk, as well as from Kazakhstan. Transit trains Moscow-Murmansk, Moscow-Helsinki follow through it. Trains of Vyborg and Helsinki come to Finland Station. Suburban destinations are mainly served at the Baltic Station. Trains from Vitebsk railway station depart to neighboring countries. Travel by bus is offered by various transport companies in the country. Among the pros can be called saving, well, and of the minuses - the lack of special comfort. You can get to St. Petersburg by water using a river cruise. This is not just moving from one point to another, but also an entertaining kind of excursion.
River walk in St. Petersburg
Transport connection of North Palmyra is well developed. Residents and guests of the metropolis can use:
Most passengers use the metro. Despite the length of 113 km and 63 operating stations, the development and construction of new lines continues actively, as the city grows and expands. It is planned to increase the length to 139.4 km. Subway work starts early in the morning (5-6 hours, depending on the station) and ends around midnight. Many tourists use the metro not only for travel, but also in order to appreciate the art objects of the subway. Peter is proud of its subway, which belongs to the most beautiful places in the city. The tram line of the Northern capital is listed in the Guinness Book of Records, as the longest - about 600 km. Among ordinary trams you can find the most unusual specimens. Locals quickly get used to the wonders, but engineering innovations sometimes make an unforgettable impression on tourists. At rush hour, traffic jams are common. Then the trams do a great job of transporting passengers. Tram lines often run parallel to routes loaded with "cars", buses, taxis, and trolleybuses. The city has more than 40 trolleybus routes. More mobile public transport includes buses. There are both social and commercial routes (the latter are superior in number). The city, built on the Neva River, also provides water transport services. Ferry and cruise ships are moving passengers and cargo.
In St. Petersburg it’s comfortable to drive your own car. Tourists and business people who value their time often resort to car rental services. Among the cars offered for rent, you can choose models of any class that will meet your expectations in terms of price, comfort and service. You can also rent a car with a driver.
For tourists who value comfort above all, St. Petersburg offers to stay in fashionable hotels. For luxury rooms in four- and five-star hotels with high service, you will have to pay a tidy sum. If you want to save a little on accommodation, then you can settle in a three-star hotel. Here you will be offered more modest apartments with conveniences on the floor instead of personal ones in the room. Now quite common mini-hotels. In terms of service, they are in no way inferior to large analogues, they simply have fewer rooms. Most often these hotels are located in the city center. Apartments for rent are chosen by those who do not like fuss. True, you will have to cook yourself or visit local cafes to have a bite. If you rent an apartment away from the center, then you can get the conditions for less money no worse. As an option - you can rent a separate room. It is even cheaper. Such services are provided by local pensioners who want to earn extra money on visiting tourists. The most budget accommodation is in a hostel.Here you will be offered a separate bed in a bunk bed in a room where there will still be a few people. Bathroom and shower are for general use. In the morning you will have the opportunity to have breakfast for free.
In St. Petersburg, there are 5 mobile companies providing communications services. Most subscribers are MTS (the most expensive brand) and Beeline (the most common operator worldwide), followed by MegaFon and Tele2. Reliable communication is provided even in the subway. Detailed information about each operator can be obtained at stores offering cell phones for sale. Also, a wide range of communication services, including 4G Internet, are offered by Yota and Telety. Tourists can use their operators if roaming services are provided, you can also purchase a SIM card of local companies. In cafes, restaurants, train stations, in the subway and at the airport, wireless WiFi access is available. You can use the communication services by visiting the Internet cafe. In many hotels of the city you can make international calls, send and receive e-mail.
Useful tips for tourists of St. Petersburg
Foreign experience and useful tips help to avoid many unpleasant situations and snags while planning your trip. It is good when a tourist is completely immersed in the beauty and delights of the city, not thinking about the organization of domestic problems. So our tips
1. If you are an economical tourist, then it is better to plan a trip in winter - when there is not such an influx of visitors, many hotels provide a good discount on accommodation. At the same time, keep in mind that in the season of the New Year and Christmas holidays - again there is a "boom of attention" to Peter. Of course in winter you won’t especially take a walk through the parks and the promenade, but you will be able to see all the other attractions perfectly.
2. For walks and excursions, the most favorable period is May - September.
3. When going to St. Petersburg, be sure to bring your umbrella (or raincoat) with comfortable shoes and warmer clothes (rain and a cold snap can take you by surprise).
4. The metro is convenient to get to any point of the city to interesting sights. In the summer, buses running around St. Petersburg repeating metro routes round the clock.
5. It is advisable to combine a trip to the suburban residences Pavlovsk and Pushkin, for your convenience, because the residences are next to each other.
6. When planning a day, it is worth considering peak hours when traffic in the city stops (the metro is overloaded, traffic jams on the roads). Do not forget about such a feature as drawbridges - the movement freezes for several hours.
7. If you are traveling as a friendly company, an apartment will be an excellent alternative to a hotel or hotel room.
8. With a limited budget, consider staying at a hostel; there are also budget hotels in the city - the main thing is to know where to look for them.
9. We arrived in St. Petersburg for a short while, but I would like to see more sights. Then it's worth taking a ride on city trams. A fascinating trip is guaranteed - you will be provided with a small tour, and you can see many outstanding places (routes pass through the main attractions).
10. If you plan to make a sightseeing tour of the city, then it is better to plan it for a day off, so as not to get stuck in traffic jams.
11. When planning to visit museums, remember that it is better to come to the opening, since at 12 o’clock an influx of people begins. It is worth considering that in museums you will need to purchase an additional ticket for the right to take pictures. Museums also prohibit flash photography.
12. Love sports Do not emphasize your attachment to nonresident, foreign teams. Fans can be aggressive about this.
13. If you are a theater lover, be sure to purchase tickets in advance. The northern capital is considered theatrical Mecca of Russia, the widest repertoire of performances is presented here - in St. Petersburg come from all over the country and even the world.
14. Arrived on your transport. Build your route correctly so as not to lose precious hours on useless driving. For example, you planned to see Gatchina, Pushkin, and then go towards Moscow. Then it’s better to visit important places in the city itself, but on the way back you can see the sights of interest in the area. Then it will be easy to turn onto the Moscow highway and continue on the road.
15. The holders of the CityCard Guest Card and CITY TOUR PASS have certain privileges and discounts on accommodation, meals, visiting museums, etc. All thanks to a well-developed international tourist service system.
16. In order not to overshadow a pleasant trip, it is better to take care of the place of residence, tickets, stock up on guides and booklets.
A trip to St. Petersburg is a great opportunity to try something new. All my life I dreamed of jumping from a bridge with insurance, riding a wakeboard. Make your dream come true - there will be a lot of impressions, and the journey from this will become even more special.
The river flows along the Prievskaya lowland, which is a wide and deep valley (its width is 30-50 km and a depth of 50 - 100 meters). Apart from the delta, there are only three islands on the river:
- Oreshek Islands with the Shlisselburg and Fabrichny Fortress, located at the source of the river
- Glavryba Island, located above the city of Otradnoye.
The entire Neva can be divided into the upper part with a length of 30 km, where Lake Ladoga affects the speed and level of water, and the lower part with a length of 44 km, which is influenced by the waters of the Gulf of Finland. These parts of the riverbed are divided by the Ivanovo rapids.
44 km from the source, its left tributary, the Tosna River, flows into the Neva. At this point, ripples and water sprays are visible on the surface of the water, and large boulders are visible on the shore. In this section, the river narrows to 200-250 meters and crosses a bed of bedrock, which to the north reaches the surface in the form of heights of the Karelian Isthmus. Here, in the area of the city of Otradnoye, between the mouths of the Svyatki and Tosny rivers, Ivanovo rapids are located, stretching for about 2 km.
The minimum width of the river is observed approximately in the middle of this section of rapids, near the prominent Cape Svyatki, but it is here that the flow velocity is maximum and amounts to 3-4 m / s.
Due to its shallow depth, many shallows and rocks, this section of the river was the most problematic for shipping. One of the shallows - Ivanovo Luda, makes the main watercourse go along two branches:
- The right branch is called the launching channel, here the ships move in both directions
- Along the left channel, the so-called platoon channel, only small vessels can go to the source of the river.
To improve the conditions of navigation in 1913, in the 30s of the XX century, dredging was carried out. And in 1973-1978, thanks to the deepening of the bottom, the speed of the river at this place was reduced and the launching channel was deepened, and its width almost doubled from 85 to 160 meters. Currently, even two-way traffic is possible here. Despite this, all vessels pass this section quite accurately, although, as such, there are no thresholds now.
The river flows into the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea. At the mouth, it forms a delta, on which the glorious city of St. Petersburg is built. The mouth is also separated from the Neva Bay by a sandbank called the Nevsky Bar. When it flows into the Gulf of Finland, the Neva branches into several branches, with the formation of about 100 islands. The shores of the delta are low, for the greater extent they are fortified by embankments.
The most significant delta branches are the Bolshaya Neva, Malaya Neva, Bolshaya Nevka, Srednyaya Nevka and Malaya Nevka rivers.
Neva has 26 tributaries, the largest of them:
- Left - Izhora, Tosna and Mga
- The right tributaries are Okhta and the Black River.
A feature of the river is that it does not have a floodplain, that is, a coastal strip flooded by rain and melt water. This is due to the fact that the river receives the main food from Lake Ladoga, and not from precipitation and snow melting.
On the territory of St. Petersburg, the embankments are dressed in granite: the Palace Embankment was first faced with granite, then the English Embankment, and later the Kutuzov Embankment. With their arrangement, the architectural appearance of the city was created: for example, the River of Mars and the Peter and Paul Fortress, the Decembrists Square and many other attractions are facing the river.
Fishing on the Neva
At the source of the river there are salmon habitats, eel and bream, asp and trout, grayling and pike, catfish and burbot, sterlet and pike perch, tench and other fish are found in the river and its tributaries.
One of the brands of St. Petersburg is smelt fish from the herring-like detachment. Smelt is a special fish, it has a cucumber smell, and in the first spring months it rises from the Gulf of Finland up the Neva to spawn. The most popular fishing spots are at the Peter and Paul Fortress, the embankments of Lieutenant Schmidt and Kutuzov, Pirogovskaya Embankment.
Bridges across the Neva
11 bridges are thrown across the Neva, including:
In the Leningrad region:
- Ladoga bridge is the first bridge along the Neva, located near its source. Drawbridge, located near the village of Maryino
- Kuzminsky railway bridge is located on the border of the Vsevolozhsk and Kirov districts of the Leningrad region. A single-track railway line runs from the bridge from the Ladoga railway station of St. Petersburg to the Gory railway station in the village of Novinka. Drawbridge vertically lifting type.
Within St. Petersburg:
- Bolshoi Obukhov bridge, it’s a cable-stayed bridge, the largest non-movable bridge in St. Petersburg
- Volodarsky bridge
- Finland Railway Bridge, its first name is Alexander the First Bridge
- Alexander Nevsky Bridge
- Bolsheokhtinsky bridge, its former names are the Bridge of Emperor Peter the Great, Bolsheokhtinsky bridge and the bridge named after Vorovsky
- Liteiny Bridge, first name - Alexander Bridge, or the bridge of Emperor Alexander II
- Trinity Bridge, formerly called St. Petersburg Bridge, Equality Bridge and Kirov Bridge
- Palace Bridge, formerly Republican
- The Annunciation bridge, formerly known as Nikolaevsky Bridge and Lieutenant Schmidt Bridge.
Top Attractions (7)
The deepest canyon in the Middle East and the second deepest in the world after the Grand Canyon in Arizona, USA, is located in Oman. Locals call it Wadi Gul, and foreigners call it Grand Canyon.
Fort Mirani, formerly known as Admiral's Fort or Captain's Fort, is located in the harbor of old Muscat. He, like the neighboring Jalali fortress, located on a rocky slope, dominates the coast.
The main mosque of the Sultanate of Oman, built at the personal expense of Sultan Qaboos, is located in its capital Muscat. Work on the construction of the mosque began in 1995 and ended in 6 years. The mosque was inaugurated by Sultan Qaboos in May 2001.
Al-Alam Palace, which means “Flag” in Arabic, was named so not only because it is one of the most representative buildings in the capital of Oman. Most likely, the Sultan's residence received this name due to the fact that at the end of the XVIII century a flagpole stood on this place on which the British flag fluttered, and behind it was the building of the British government.
The National Museum of Oman was established at the direction of the Sultan in 2013. His collections are located in a building specially constructed for museum needs in front of the Royal Palace in Old Muscat, next to the Ali Musa Mosque.
One of the most interesting sights of the Omani capital is considered to be the private Museum of Beit al-Zubair, which contains the treasures of the cultural heritage of this country. Historical and Ethnographic Museum was founded in 1998.
The Oman Natural History Museum is located in the Al Quwyr Building, opposite the Zawawi Mosque. He shares this building with the Ministry of Cultural Heritage of Oman. The museum received its first visitors on December 20, 1985.
Top Attractions (26377)
Troy - the city described by Homer in the poem "Iliad", is an ancient fortified settlement of Asia Minor, located off the coast of the Aegean Sea, near the entrance to the Dardanelles. While resting in Turkey, do not miss the chance to see this grand city and once again recall the events described by Homer.
Among the most famous sights of St. Petersburg, a special place is occupied by the monument to Peter the Great, also known as the Bronze Horseman. Anyone who is well acquainted with Russian literature, especially with the works of the classics, will probably easily recall several works where this attraction is assigned one of the main roles in the plot.
Town Hall - a building built in the late Gothic style, located on the Market Square of Wroclaw. The Town Hall is one of the best preserved historical monuments in Poland, the most important architectural monument of Wroclaw.
In St. Petersburg, on the Kutuzov embankment, in one of the alleys of the Summer Garden in 1855, a monument was opened to the great Russian fabulist Ivan Andreevich Krylov. This monument is the second of the monuments to Russian writers in Russia.
The monument to the letter Ў in Polotsk was erected on September 7, 2003, in the anniversary year of the tenth celebration of the day of Belarusian writing. The choice of installing a monument in the city of Polotsk, the most enlightened ancient city in the country, closely linked with the history of Belarusian printing, is not accidental.
The tomb of Napoleon Bonaparte is located under the gilded dome of the Cathedral of St. Louis of the Invalides. As you know, Napoleon died on the island of St. Helena on May 5, 1821. In 1840, King Louis-Philippe received the consent of Great Britain to return the ashes of the exile to France.
The city hall in Aachen is not just a monument of architecture, but also a building, which to this day plays a huge role in urban life. As you know, the building stands not far from the equally famous Aachen Cathedral, making up a magnificent architectural ensemble, which is listed in the list of the most valuable monuments in Germany.
Kazan City Hall is located in the central part of the city, on Freedom Square. Nearby is the Concert Hall. S. Saidashev and the Opera and Ballet Theater. M. Jalilia. The building of the town hall was built in 1854.
The Moscow Kremlin - a wonderful architectural ensemble of the XV-XIX centuries. In shape, it is an irregular triangle, the southern side of which faces the Moscow River. It is surrounded by a brick wall with 20 towers of different architecture.
The monument to the founders of Surgut is a small sculptural four-figure composition and is located in the very center of Surgut on the transport ring Lenin Avenue - Ostrovsky Street.
Park named after A.V. Suvorov in Kobrin is the oldest park in Belarus, founded in 1768 by Anthony Tizengauz. After the third division of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Catherine II presented the estate to Kobrinsky Klyuch along with the park to the celebrated commander Suvorov.
The Heart of Chechnya mosque in the city of Grozny is one of the most magnificent, large and beautiful mosques not only in Europe, but throughout the world. The mosque is located in the center of a huge park on the banks of the Sunzha River and is part of the Islamic complex, which in addition to it includes the Spiritual Administration of the Muslims of the Chechen Republic and the Russian Islamic University named after Kunta-Haji.
One of the most famous sights of St. Petersburg is the majestic Kazan Cathedral (another name for the temple is the Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God). It was built at the beginning of the XIX century.
One of the main attractions of the Elbrus region is Mount Elbrus - the highest peak in Russia and Europe, located north of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range on the border of two republics: Karachay-Cherkess and Kabardino-Balkarian.
The Church of the Intercession on the Nerl, a "poem in stone", is rightfully considered one of the main symbols of Russia. It is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, it is known everywhere, and its beauty is worth seeing at least once.
Perhaps the most visited attraction of the northern capital of Russia is the Winter Palace. The building was built in the middle of the XVIII century, its design was developed by Count Francesco Rastrelli. The palace was built in accordance with the canons of the Russian Baroque since the time of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna.
The northern capital of Russia is rich in architectural attractions, but only one of these tourist sites is the real historical core of the city. This is a famous fortress, the official name of which is St. Petersburg, but it is better known as the Peter and Paul Fortress.
At the mere mention of the Bolshoi, the theater-goers around the world are breathtaking and the heart begins to beat faster. A ticket to his performance is the best gift, and each premiere is accompanied by a flurry of enthusiastic responses from both fans and critics.
The monument to Pushkin Alexander Sergeyevich is located on the Arts Square opposite the building of the State Russian Museum in St. Petersburg. The monument was erected in June 1957. The authors were the sculptor Mikhail Konstantinovich Anikushin and the architect Vasily Alexandrovich Petrov.
The State Tretyakov Gallery occupies one of the highest places in the list of famous art museums of the world. Today, her collection features more than 180 thousand exhibits, including paintings, sculptures and jewelry.
We decided to recall the curious features of the first Russian crossover
March 19, 2017 motorists were shocked by sad news: Pyotr Mikhailov Prusov, one of AvtoVAZ’s leading specialists and creator of the legendary VAZ-2121 Niva, died on the 76th year of his life. We decided to honor the memory of the famous engineer, recalling the curious features of his main brainchild.
The SUV, which now bears the name Lada 4x4, is very popular in Russia, and on April 5 it will celebrate its 40th anniversary. It is sad that Pyotr Prusov did not live just a few days before this memorable date. However, his work lives, and will live! Do you know that the Niva is, without exaggeration, a legendary car.
Do not believe? Then it is enough to learn about the history of the creation of this model. In 1970, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR Alexei Kosygin instructed AvtoVAZ management to present its own version of a new four-wheel drive car aimed at rural residents. He explained that cooperation with FIAT is ending, so the new model should be developed on its own. As a result, the development of documentation began already in 1971, and in April 1972 the first prototype, E2121, was manufactured. Wow, and he was unpretentious! But it is very promising technically. Tests confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed solutions. At the same time, Peter Mikhailovich Prusov was appointed the lead designer of the project.
A year later, in 1973, it was announced that the machine was ready for mass production. Then the first prototype appeared, reminiscent of the current "Niva" in appearance. In 1974, the first 15 pre-production samples were produced; by the XXV Congress of the CPSU in March 1976, a second batch was made — another 50 cars. And the first production model of the VAZ-2121 came off the assembly line on April 5, 1977. In the future, "Niva" gained popularity not only in the USSR, but also became one of the most famous AvtoVAZ models in the world. It is not surprising that the car has gained loyal fans and has become a real cult. We suggest you plunge into the world of "Niva" and recall some of the most interesting facts about this model.
“Niva” could be completely different